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Ashqelon, Israel

Policy-makers and researchers have long been interested in the punitive attitudes and causal attribution of crime of police officers. Understanding the punitive attitudes and causal attribution of crime of those who enforce the law is necessary for both theoretical and practical reasons. The current study examines gender differences in punitive attitudes and causal attribution of crime among police officers at the beginning and at the end of their academic studies. One hundred and one police officers (47 policewomen and 54 policemen) participated in this study. The main results indicate that (a) policemen held more punitive attitudes than policewomen, (b) there were significant gender differences in the first year of academic study, with stronger support of classical theories (more punitive) among policemen compared with policewomen, but no gender differences were found in the last year, (c) police officers tended to attribute classical theories (more punitive) to the causes of crime regardless of gender and year of study, and (d) belief in individual positivism (less punitive) was greater among policemen than policewomen, and among the men, it was greater in the last year of studies than in the first year. The implications of these findings are discussed. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Source

Baor L.,Ashkelon Academic College | Soskolne V.,Bar - Ilan University
Human Reproduction

Background This study explores the differences in prenatal maternal expectations, coping resources and maternal stress between first time mothers of IVF twins and first time mothers of spontaneously conceived twins. The role of prenatal maternal expectations in the prediction of maternal stress was examined, as well as the mediating and moderating effect of coping resources on the association between pregnancy-type group and maternal stress. METHOD Mothers of twins from various regions in Israel were included in this prospective and cross-sectional study in which 88 mothers of IVF-conceived twins and 98 mothers of spontaneously conceived twins were interviewed twice. First, at 33-36 weeks of their pregnancy they completed a socio-demographic questionnaire and the maternal expectations questionnaire; then at 6 months after birth they completed a questionnaire regarding the delivery and medical condition of the infants, and their coping resources and maternal stress. Result SCompared with mothers who conceived spontaneously, IVF mothers had more positive prenatal maternal expectations, but poorer coping resources and higher levels of maternal stress 6 months after birth. Maternal expectations had no predictive power regarding maternal stress, although the mother's coping resources were significantly related to maternal stress and mediated the association between pregnancy type and maternal stress. Conclusions IVF-pregnant women bearing twins should be considered a high-risk group. Early identification of these mothers is essential for timely psychosocial interventions in order to enhance their resources and decrease maternal stress. Further longitudinal studies are required to determine causality in more ethnically-diverse mothers of twins. © The Author 2010. Source

Cavaglion G.,Ashkelon Academic College
Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity

This study presents a single case of an adult middle-class male, M., whom I saw professionally as a psychotherapist in an Israeli mental health community service center. He briefly used cyberporn sites, moved to cybersex sites and rapidly precipitated into hyper-activity (matching criteria for addiction) to actual sexual encounters with call girls advertising on websites. In its discussion, this article proposes a Jungian approach to the interpretation ofthe case study ofM. In particular it uses two central concepts in Jungian theory: the meaning ofthe second halfoflife, and the archetype of the "shadow". It is shown that this apparent case of mid-life depression in fact concealed "possession" of raw repressed material of the shadow that ultimately led to sexual acting out and the abrupt termination of therapy. © Taylor & Francis Group. Source

Rabinovich M.,Ashkelon Academic College
American Journal of Psychology

The current research belongs to the stream of theoretical integration and establishes a theoretical platform for integrative psychotherapy in anxiety disorders. Qualitative metasynthesis procedures were applied to 40 peer-reviewed psychoanalytic articles involving emotional regulation. The concept of psychodynamic emotional regulation was found to be connected with the categories of desensitization, gradual exposure, containment, and transference. Tthis article presents a model according to which psychoanalytic psychotherapy allows anxiety to be tolerated while following the core principles of systematic desensitization. Iit is shown that despite the antiresearch image of psychoanalytic psychotherapy, its foundations obey evidence-based principles. Tthe findings imply that anxiety tolerance might be a key goal in which the cumulative wisdom of the different therapies can be used to optimize psychotherapy outcomes. © 2016 by the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois. Source

Elalouf A.,Bar - Ilan University | Levner E.,Ashkelon Academic College | Cheng T.C.E.,Hong Kong Polytechnic University
International Journal of Production Economics

Agent-based technology provides a natural way to design and implement enterprise collaboration. We model the integrated manufacturing enterprise as a directed graph and reduce the problem of enhancing the efficiency of mobile agents to the problem of finding resource-constrained extremal paths in the graph. We suggest a general two-stage solution method combining routing and dispatching, which extends an earlier computational scheme in the literature for the constrained path problems. The new method essentially improves on several earlier algorithms and provides a new approach for constructing a fully polynomial-time approximation scheme(FPTAS) for the multi-agent constrained path problem. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

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