Shinohara N.,Hokkaido University |
Abe T.,Hokkaido University |
Mochizuki T.,Sapporo City Hospital |
Kashiwagi A.,Teine Keijinkai Hospital |
And 5 more authors.
Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations | Year: 2013
Objectives: We investigated the prognosis of Japanese patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and analyzed the validity of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) risk classification. Materials and methods: The endpoint of the present study was overall survival. Relationships between overall survival and potential prognostic factors were assessed using the Cox proportional hazard model with a step-wise procedure. Prognostic assessment was also performed according to the MSKCC risk classification. The predictive accuracy of the MSKCC risk classification was measured employing the concordance index. Results: The median survival for all patients was 22 months (95% CI, 19-28 months). The eight factors were identified as independent prognostic factor; time from initial diagnosis to metastasis, low hemoglobin (Hb), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), corrected serum calcium (cCa), C-reactive protein (CRP), and the presence or absence of liver metastasis, bone metastasis, and lymph node metastasis. When the MSKCC risk classification was applied to patients, the median overall survival was not reached and 26 and 10 months in the patients classified as favorable, intermediate, and poor risk, respectively. The c-index was 0.73. Conclusions: The prognosis of Japanese metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients may be better than that of previous studies from North America or Europe. Although there are some differences in the rate of patients in the risk groups and survival time by risk group between these patients, the MSKCC risk classification may be applicable for Japanese patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Takeuchi T.,Asahikawa University |
Ishii Y.,Asahikawa City Hospital |
Kikuchi K.,Asahikawa University |
Hasebe N.,Asahikawa University
Circulation Journal | Year: 2011
Background: Several animal experiments on acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have shown that the cardioprotective effects of ischemic preconditioning are more significant in hypertensive subjects. However, because there are no clinical data on the impact of hypertension on ischemic preconditioning in patients with AMI, whether clinical ischemic preconditioning of prodromal angina was beneficial in AMI patients with hypertension was investigated in the present study. Methods and Results: 125 patients with a first anterior AMI who had undergone successful reperfusion therapy were divided into 2 groups, with or without hypertension, and into 2 further subgroups based on the presence or absence of prodromal angina. Dual-isotope (thallium-201(TL)/Tc-99 m pyrophosphate) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was performed within 1 week of reperfusion therapy. Left ventricular (LV) function and LV mass index (LVMI) were measured by left ventriculography and echocardiography, respectively. In patients without hypertension, prodromal angina resulted in significantly less myocardial damage on TL-SPECT, better LV ejection fraction and a greater myocardial blush grade compared to patients without prodromal angina. However, these cardioprotective effects of prodromal angina were significantly diminished in hypertensive patients. Importantly, the myocardial salvage effects of prodromal angina showed a significant negative correlation with LVMI, which was significantly greater in hypertensive patients. Conclusions: The cardioprotective effects of prodromal angina were attenuated in patients with hypertension. Hypertensive LV hypertrophy may crucially limit the effects of ischemic preconditioning in AMI.
Miura M.,Sapporo Hokuyu Hospital |
Fujita H.,Hokkaido University |
Suzuki A.,KKR |
Kubota K.C.,Hokkaido University |
And 4 more authors.
Clinical Transplantation | Year: 2011
A 21-yr-old man of blood type O receiving hemodialysis for IgA nephropathy underwent living-related ABO-incompatible (ABOI) renal transplantation from his mother, whose blood type is A. He was negative for flow cross-match, anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibody, and anti-MICA antibody. Pre-treatment anti-A IgG titer was 1:256. Desensitization consisted of tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, methylprednisolone, rituximab, and plasmapheresis. He developed acute antibody rejection at day2 post-transplant, which was successfully treated. After renal artery reconstruction surgery at day91 for renovascular hypertension caused by renal artery stricture, the patient suffered from acute prostatitis, which subsequently induced type III acute antibody-mediated rejection. Even after recovery from the rejection after temporary hemodialysis, graft function progressively deteriorated and consecutive allograft biopsy showed progressive thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) without any evidence of donor-specific antibody other than anti-A antibody. The tacrolimus dose was kept low for fear of tacrolimus-induced TMA. Despite these efforts, the patient resumed hemodialysis sixmonths' post-transplant. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Fukui Y.,Asahikawa City Hospital
Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society | Year: 2011
A 33-year-old woman used waterproofing spray and subsequently developed cough, sputum and chest pain about 8 hours later accompanied by dyspnea, fever and general fatigue. She was admitted to our hospital 4 days after the symptoms appeared. A chest CT scan on the first visit revealed diffuse mild centrilobular nodular opacities and ground-glass opacities in both lung fields. Hemosiderin-laden macrophages accounted for 11% of the histiocytes found in her bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, which also contained blood. Based on these findings, the patient was given a diagnosis of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. This is the first report in Japan of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage occurring after the use of a waterproofing spray.
Kakinoki Y.,Asahikawa City Hospital |
Hashiguchi J.,Hokkaido University |
Ishio T.,Asahikawa City Hospital |
Chiba K.,Asahikawa City Hospital |
And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Hematology | Year: 2015
There have been rare reported cases of peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) that co-expressed CD20. A 44-year-old Japanese male was initially misdiagnosed as CD20-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with a background of reactive CD3-positive T-cells in the stomach. After four cycles of R-CHOP [rituximab plus cyclophosphamide (CY), doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (PSL)], total gastrectomy with regional lymph node dissection was performed due to the poor response to R-CHOP. A final diagnosis of CD20-positive primary gastric PTCL-NOS was made based on the immunohistochemical, flow cytometric, and molecular genetic findings. In the present case, CD20 immunostaining for T-cell lymphoma cells in tumor tissue varied; in a large part, these were strong to weak-positive, and in some parts, absent. We additionally reviewed the literature focusing on CD20-positive PTCL-NOS treated with rituximab. The administration of rituximab has been performed as an initial treatment in 11 cases, including the case reported here. The response was good in cases with high expression of CD20, while it was poor in cases with variable intensity in CD20 staining, which is consistent with our experience in the present case. The efficacy of rituximab may be associated with intensity of CD20 expression in T cells and its homogeneity in the tumor tissue. © 2015, The Japanese Society of Hematology.