Koyano T.,The Francis Crick Institute |
Koyano T.,Shigei Medical Research Institute |
Barnouin K.,The Francis Crick Institute |
Snijders A.P.,The Francis Crick Institute |
And 5 more authors.
Genes to Cells | Year: 2015
Fission yeast undergoes growth polarity transition from monopolar to bipolar during G2 phase, designated NETO (New End Take Off). It is known that NETO onset involves two prerequisites, the completion of DNA replication and attainment of a certain cell size. However, the molecular mechanism remains unexplored. Here, we show that casein kinase 1γ, Cki3 is a critical determinant of NETO onset. Not only did cki3δ cells undergo NETO during G1- or S-phase, but they also displayed premature NETO under unperturbed conditions with a smaller cell size, leading to cell integrity defects. Cki3 interacted with the polarity factor Tea1, of which phosphorylation was dependent on Cki3 kinase activity. GFP nanotrap of Tea1 by Cki3 led to Tea1 hyperphosphorylation with monopolar growth, whereas the same entrapment by kinase-dead Cki3 resulted in converse bipolar growth. Intriguingly, the Tea1 interactor Tea4 was dissociated from Tea1 by Cki3 entrapment. Mass spectrometry identified four phosphoserine residues within Tea1 that were hypophosphorylated in cki3δ cells. Phosphomimetic Tea1 mutants showed compromised binding to Tea4 and NETO defects, indicating that these serine residues are critical for protein-protein interaction and NETO onset. Our findings provide significant insight into the mechanism by which cell polarization is regulated in a spatiotemporal manner. © 2015 the Molecular Biology Society of Japan and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
Koyano T.,Hiroshima University |
Koyano T.,Cancer Research UK Research Institute |
Konishi M.,Hiroshima University |
Konishi M.,Mizkan Holdings Co. |
And 6 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Biology | Year: 2015
Cell polarity is essential for various cellular functions during both proliferative and developmental stages, and it displays dynamic alterations in response to intracellular and extracellular cues. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying spatiotemporal control of polarity transition are poorly understood. Here, we show that fission yeast Cki3 (a casein kinase 1γ homolog) is a critical regulator to ensure persistent monopolar growth during S phase. Unlike the wild type, cki3 mutant cells undergo bipolar growth when S phase is blocked, a condition known to delay transition from monopolar to bipolar growth (termed NETO [new end takeoff]). Consistent with this role, Cki3 kinase activity is substantially increased, and cells lose their viability in the absence of Cki3 upon an S-phase block. Cki3 acts downstream of the checkpoint kinase Cds1/Chk2 and calcineurin, and the latter physically interacts with Cki3. Autophosphorylation in the C terminus is inhibitory toward Cki3 kinase activity, and calcineurin is responsible for its dephosphorylation. Cki3 localizes to the plasma membrane, and this localization requires the palmitoyltransferase complex Erf2-Erf4. Membrane localization is needed not only for proper NETO timing but also for Cki3 kinase activity. We propose that Cki3 acts as a critical inhibitor of cell polarity transition under S-phase arrest. © 2015, American Society for Microbiology.
Kume K.,Hiroshima University |
Koyano T.,Hiroshima University |
Takata J.,Hiroshima University |
Wakabayashi K.,Hiroshima University |
And 4 more authors.
Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry | Year: 2015
Calcineurin, which is a Ca2+/calmodulindependent protein phosphatase, is a key mediator in calcium signaling in diverse biological processes and of clinical importance as the target of the immunosuppressant FK506. To identify a mutant(s) in which calcineurin is activated, inhibiting cellular growth as a result, we screened for a mutant(s) whose temperature sensitivity would be suppressed by FK506 from the budding yeast non-essential gene deletion library. We found that the temperature sensitivity of cells in which the conserved Verprolin VRP1 gene had been deleted, which gene is required for actin organization and endocytosis, was suppressed by either FK506 or by cnb1 deletion. Indeed, the calcineurin activity increased significantly in the Δvrp1 cells. Finally, we demonstrated that the Δvrp1 strain to be useful as an indicator in a positive screening for bioactive compounds inhibiting calcineurin. © 2015 Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry.
Wan K.,Hiroshima University |
Wan K.,Research Institute for Biological science RIBS |
Kawara H.,Hiroshima University |
Yamamoto T.,Hiroshima University |
And 11 more authors.
Yeast | Year: 2015
The Rrs1 protein plays an essential role in the biogenesis of 60S ribosomal subunits in budding yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). Here, we examined whether the fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe) homologue of Rrs1 also plays a role in ribosome biogenesis. To this end, we constructed two temperature-sensitive fission yeast strains, rrs1-D14/22G and rrs1-L51P, which had amino acid substitutions corresponding to those of the previously characterized budding yeast rrs1-84 (D22/30G) and rrs1-124 (L61P) strains, respectively. The fission yeast mutants exhibited severe defects in growth and 60S ribosomal subunit biogenesis at high temperatures. In addition, expression of the Rrs1 protein of fission yeast suppressed the growth defects of the budding yeast rrs1 mutants at high temperatures. Yeast two-hybrid analyses revealed that the interactions of Rrs1 with the Rfp2 and Ebp2 proteins were conserved in budding and fission yeasts. These results suggest that the essential function of Rrs1 in ribosome biogenesis may be conserved in budding and fission yeasts. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Asahi Shuzo Sake Brewing Co. | Date: 2015-09-18
Asahi Shuzo Sake Brewing Co. | Date: 2016-03-04