Rastello M.L.,INRIM - Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica |
Degiovanni I.P.,INRIM - Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica |
Sinclair A.G.,National Physical Laboratory United Kingdom |
Kuck S.,Physikalisch - Technische Bundesanstalt |
And 21 more authors.
Metrologia | Year: 2014
The 'Metrology for Industrial Quantum Communication Technologies' project (MIQC) is a metrology framework that fosters development and market take-up of quantum communication technologies and is aimed at achieving maximum impact for the European industry in this area. MIQC is focused on quantum key distribution (QKD) technologies, the most advanced quantum-based technology towards practical application. QKD is a way of sending cryptographic keys with absolute security. It does this by exploiting the ability to encode in a photon's degree of freedom specific quantum states that are noticeably disturbed if an eavesdropper trying to decode it is present in the communication channel. The MIQC project has started the development of independent measurement standards and definitions for the optical components of QKD system, since one of the perceived barriers to QKD market success is the lack of standardization and quality assurance. © 2014 BIPM & IOP Publishing Ltd.