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Bose S.,Aryabhutta Research Institute of Observational science | Kumar B.,Aryabhutta Research Institute of Observational science | Sutaria F.,Indian Institute of Astrophysics | Kumar B.,University of Liège | And 7 more authors.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society | Year: 2013

We present densely sampled UBVRI/griz photometric and low-resolution (6-10 Å) optical spectroscopic observations from 4 to 270 d after explosion of a newly discovered Type II SN 2012aw in a nearby (∼9.9 Mpc) galaxy M95. The light-curve characteristics of apparent magnitudes, colours, bolometric luminosity and the presence and evolution of prominent spectral features are found to have striking similarity with the archetypal IIP SNe 1999em. 1999gi and 2004et. The early time observations of SN 2012aw clearly detect minima in the light curve of V, R and I bands near 37 d after explosion and this we suggest to be an observational evidence for emergence of recombination phase. The mid-plateau Mv magnitude (-16.67 ± 0.04) lies in between the bright (∼- 18) and subluminous (∼-15) IIP SNe. The mass of nickel is 0.06 ± 0.01 Mȯ. The SYNOW modelling of spectra indicate that the value and evolution of the photospheric velocity is similar to SN 2004et, but about ∼600 km s-1 higher than that of SNe 1999em and 1999gi at comparable epochs. This trend is more apparent in the line velocities of Hα and Hβ. A comparison of ejecta velocity properties with that of existing radiation-hydrodynamical simulations indicate that the energy of explosion lies in the range 1-2 × 1051 ergs; a further comparison of nebular phase [OI] doublet luminosity with SNe 2004et and 1987A indicate that the mass of progenitor star is about 14 to 15 M ȯ. The presence of high-velocity absorption features in the mid-to-late plateau and possibly in early phase spectra show signs of interaction between éjecta and the circumstellar matter: being consistent with its early time detection at X-ray and radio wavebands. © 2013 The Authors.

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