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Salt Lake City, UT, United States

Erickson J.A.,ARUPInstitute for Clinical and Experimental Pathology | Lu J.,ARUPInstitute for Clinical and Experimental Pathology | Smith J.J.,Arup | Bornhorst J.A.,University of Utah | And 5 more authors.
Clinical Chemistry | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND: Although the benefits of quantifying serum squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCa) have been reported, SCCa reagents were no longer available in the US by the late 1990s. Because SCCa quantification still has demonstrated clinical utility, we developed and validated a microtiter plate- based ELISA for measuring SCCa in serum. METHODS: We coated microtiter strips overnight with capture anti-SCCa monoclonal antibody, washed the wells, added blocking buffer, and lyophilized the strips. For detection, we used a biotinylated anti-SCCa detection antibody, streptavidin/horseradish peroxidase conjugate, and tetramethylbenzidine/H2O2 substrate. Anovel blocking reagent against human antimouse antibodies (HAMA) was evaluated. A reference interval was established with sera from healthy individuals and was confirmed in smokers. RESULTS: The assay was linear to 40 μg/L SCCa (slope, 1.00; y intercept, 0.695; R2, 0.996) with a detection limit of 0.3 μg/L. The intraassay imprecision results [mean (CV)] were 2.5 μg/L (3.4%), 18.0 μg/L (3.0%), and 30.7 μg/L (2.4%); interassay imprecision results were 2.0 μg/L (9.9%), 20.0 μg/L (7.6%), and 36.3 μg/L (3.5%). A correlation analysis against an established automated assay generated a slope of 0.976 and a y intercept of -0.193 μg/L (r2 = 0.916). An upper reference limit of 2.1 μg/L SCCa was established at 95% confidence level, with no difference observed in smokers. No correlation between SCCa concentration and age was observed (r2 = 0.0003). At a blocking reagent concentration of 5 mg/L, HAMA interference was eliminated in 3 samples known to produce falsely increased SCCa results. CONCLUSIONS: This SCCa ELISA demonstrates acceptable performance characteristics for quantifying serum SCCa and is effective in eliminating HAMA interference.

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