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Artvin, Turkey

The aim of this study was to compare the soils of the wheat cultivation area (WCA) and the safflower cultivation area (SCA) within semi-arid climate zones in terms of their total carbon, nitrogen, and sulphur contents, particle size distribution, aggregate stability, organic matter content, and pH values. This study presents the results from the analyses of 140 soil samples taken at two soil layers (0-10 and 10-20 cm) in the cultivation areas. At the end of the study, it was established that there were significant differences between the cultivation areas in terms of soil physical properties such as total carbon (TC), total nitrogen (TN), total sulphur (TS) contents and pH, while only the TN content was significantly different between the two soil layers. Moreover, significant differences were identified between the cultivation areas in terms of soil physical properties including clay and sand contents, aggregate stability, and organic matter content, whereas the only significant difference found among the soil layers was that of their silt content. Since safflower contains higher amounts of biomass than wheat, we found higher amounts of organic matter content and, therefore, higher amounts of TN and TS content in the soils of the SCA. In addition, due to the fact that wheat contains more cellulose - which takes longer to decompose - the TC content of the soil in the WCA was found to be higher than that in the SCA. The results also revealed that the WCA had a higher carbon storage capacity. © Author(s) 2015. Source

5-(Pyridine-3-yl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2-thiole 2, obtaining starting from nicotinic acid hydrazide were converted to the corresponding Mannich bases (3a–c) by the reaction with several heterocyclic amines in the presence of formaldehyde. 1,2,4-Triazole-3-thiole, (4) prepared from 1,3,4-oxadiazole-2-thiole (2) was converted to the corresponding Mannich bases (5a–e) by several steps. The synthesis of Schiff bases (6a–d) was performed from the reaction of the corresponding triazol-3-thioles with various aromatic aldehydes. The treatment of Schiff bases containing 1,2,4-triazoles 6c and 6d with morpholine or thiomorpholine generated the corresponding Mannich bases 7a, b and 8a, b. The synthesized compounds were screened for their antimicrobial, antilipase, and antiurease activities. Some of them were found to possess good-moderate antimicrobial, antiurease, and/or antilipase activity. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York Source

Odaci H.,Karadeniz Technical University | Cikrikci O.,Artvin Coruh University
Computers in Human Behavior | Year: 2014

The aim of this study was to investigate problematic internet use in terms of gender, attachment styles and subjective well-being. This study based on a relational screening model and using a cross-sectional research protocol was conducted with 380 university students from various departments in the Karadeniz Technical University and Artvin Çoruh University faculties of education in Turkey. The Problematic Internet Use Scale, The Relationship Scale, Subjective Well-Being Scale and Personal Information Form were used in the study. Data were analyzed using the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient, two-way ANOVA, the Bonferroni test and multiple regression analysis. Results revealed significant correlations among problematic internet use, attachment styles and subjective well-being. Problematic internet use correlated positively with a dismissing attachment style and a preoccupied attachment style. Results from multiple regression analysis showed that gender, subjective well-being and dismissing and preoccupied attachment styles accounted for 19% of total problematic internet use variance. Gender, subjective well-being, and a dismissing attachment style made a significant distinctive contribution to the model. Problematic internet use differed significantly according to gender and attachment styles. Results revealed significant correlations among problematic internet use, attachment styles and subjective well-being. Problematic internet use differed significantly according to gender and attachment styles. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Ozkaynak Kanmaz E.,Artvin Coruh University | Ova G.,Ege University
European Food Research and Technology | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to investigate the effective parameters for subcritical water extraction of secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) lignan from flaxseed using accelerated solvent extractor. For this aim, the influence of extraction parameters such as material shape (flaxseed, ground flaxseed meal and flaxseed meal sticks), temperature (120, 140, 160 and 180 °C), extraction time (15, 30, 60 and 90 min), pressure (1.500 and 2.000 psi), fresh water (5, 40 and 100 %) and sample amount (5 and 10 g) was studied. SDG lignan analysis has been carried out by LC-MS/MS. It was shown that material shape, temperature, extraction time and sample amount had significant effect on SDG lignan content in water extracts (p < 0.05). The highest amount (12.94 mg/g) and extraction yield (72.57 %) were obtained at 180 °C for 15 min, 1.500 psi and 40 % fresh water using 5 g of flaxseed meal sticks. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Cicek A.C.,Recep Tayyip Erdogan University | Saral A.,Artvin Coruh University | Iraz M.,Bezmialem Foundation University | Ceylan A.,Bezmialem Foundation University | And 3 more authors.
Clinical Microbiology and Infection | Year: 2014

We determined the antibiotic susceptibility and genetic mechanisms of resistance in clinical strains of Acinetobacter baumannii from Istanbul, Turkey. A total of 101 clinical strains were collected between November 2011 and July 2012. Antimicrobial susceptibility was performed using the Vitek 2 Compact system and E-test. Multiplex PCR was used for detecting blaOXA-51-like, blaOXA-23-like, blaOXA-40-like and blaOXA-58-like genes. ISAba1, blaIMP-like, blaVIM-like, blaGES, blaVEB, blaPER-2, aac-3-Ia and aac-6′-Ib and NDM-1 genes were detected by PCR and sequencing. By multiplex PCR, all strains were positive for blaOXA-51, 79 strains carried blaOXA-23 and one strain carried blaOXA-40. blaOXA-51 and blaOXA-23 were found together in 79 strains. ISAba1 element was detected in 81 strains, and in all cases it was found upstream of blaOXA-51. GES-type carbapenemases were found in 24 strains (GES-11 in 16 strains and GES-22 in 8 strains) while blaPER-2, blaVEB-1, blaNDM-1, blaIMP- and blaVIM-type carbapenemases were not observed. Aminoglycoside modifying enzyme (aac-3-Ia and aac-6′Ib) genes were detected in 13 and 15 strains, respectively. Ninety-seven (96%) A. baumannii strains were defined as MDR and of these, 98% were extensively drug resistant (sensitive only to colistin). Colistin remains the only active compound against all clinical strains. As seen in other regions, OXA-type carbapenemases, with or without an upstream ISAba1, predominate but GES-type carbapenemases also appear to have a significant presence. REP-PCR analysis was performed for molecular typing and all strains were collected into 12 different groups. To our knowledge, this is the first report of GES-11 and OXA-40 in A. baumannii from Turkey. © 2013 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Source

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