Mount Lebanon, Lebanon

Arts, science and Technology University in Lebanon , is an independent and nondenominational Lebanese higher education institution with undergraduate and graduate degree programs.The main campus of the University is in Cola, Beirut. AUL has a branch in Jadra, south of Beirut and four study centers in Sin el Fil, Qalamoun - North Lebanon, Kaslik, and Chtoura. Wikipedia.


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Harmouch A.,University of Notre Dame | Mawass K.,Arts, Sciences and Technology University in Lebanon | Shakra F.,Arts, Sciences and Technology University in Lebanon | El Mouccary C.,University of Notre Dame
2nd Middle East Conference on Antennas and Propagation, MECAP 2013 | Year: 2013

Circularly polarized dish antennas are of great importance since they have better immunity to external types of noise compared to linearly polarized ones. Dish parabolic antennas with end-fire helical feeds provide circular polarization, high directivity and relatively low level of side lobs, however, the conducting ground plane of the helical feed results in a blockage of the reflected rays from the reflecting dish which consequently affects negatively the directional characteristics of the entire antenna. In this study, an optimization of the ground plane is considered based on series of FEKO simulations and which lead to a significant reduction of side lobes and an enhancement of the overall antenna performance. In addition, adding metallic scatters to the antenna at specific positions and with specific dimensions would reduce the sidelobe level by about 10dB. © 2012 IEEE.


PubMed | Yuzuncu Yil University, Onikisubat Community Health Center, Arts, Sciences and Technology University in Lebanon and Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University
Type: Evaluation Studies | Journal: Nordic journal of psychiatry | Year: 2015

The aim of this study was to evaluate adult attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in smokers, Maras powder users and non-users of tobacco products by using the Adult Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder Self-report Scale (ASRS).The study was performed on 446 males presenting to family health centers in Kahramanmara, Turkey. Of 446 participants, 104 were Maras powder users, 133 were smokers and 209 were volunteers not using any tobacco products. Data were collected with a questionnaire composed of questions about socio-demographic features and features of smoking and Maras powder use, and the Fagerstrm Nicotine Dependence Scale and the ASRS. P < 0.05 was considered significant.The mean age of the participants was 33.94 10.68 years (min = 18, max = 64). There was no significant difference in age between the study groups (P = 0.089). Thirty-one participants (7.0%) received scores higher than the cut-off value ( 14 points) for the short form of the ASRS. Twenty-one participants (4.7%) achieverd scores higher than the cut-off value ( 44 points) for the ASRS. The smokers received the highest scores of 8.42 3.79 for all the subscales of the short version of the ASRS, 26.87 10.46 for the ASRS, 12.57 6.47 for the attention deficit subscale and 14.30 5.35 for the hyperactivity and impulsivity subscale.Higher rates of the smokers and the Maras powder users had symptoms of ADHD. Considering nicotine may decrease symptoms of ADHD, it can be assumed that the rates of the smokers and Maras powder users with ADHD are higher.


Harmouch A.,Lebanese University | Haddad H.,Lebanese University | Ziade M.,Lebanese University | El Sayed Ahmad A.,Arts, Sciences and Technology University in Lebanon | Kenaan M.,Al Kafaat University
2015 Loughborough Antennas and Propagation Conference, LAPC 2015 | Year: 2015

Conventional slotted waveguide antennas are well known and prominently used for many military and even marketable applications. This is due to their different advantageous electrical and mechanical characteristics. It is also well known that this type of antennas is a typical array of slots with which the width of the main beam can be controlled in only one plane by using a different number of elements in such antennas. Numerous research, discuss the capability of using an array of such antennas in order to narrow down the main beam in both planes and even achieve a scanning phased array. In this paper, a new and broader approach is presented concerning beam width control of the typical configuration of such antennas. This work presents the ability to control the main lobe in both planes using only one slotted waveguide to a certain extent. Different simulation results are considered at the 2.4GHz frequency demonstrating improved effectiveness in terms of directivity and high gain as well as minimizing the side-lobe level and mechanically controlling the main lobe of the antenna. © 2015 IEEE.


Itani J.K.,University of Pau and Pays de l'Adour | Itani J.K.,Arts, Sciences and Technology University in Lebanon | Gouarderes E.,University of Pau and Pays de l'Adour | Aniorte P.,University of Pau and Pays de l'Adour
Proceedings - IEEE 8th International Symposium on Service Oriented System Engineering, SOSE 2014 | Year: 2014

During the last couple of years, virtual communities (VCs) have gained worldwide popularity and conquer different domains, from business to medicine to aviation to education to entertainment to technology. Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) proves to be a major catalyzer in the creation of software applications due to its rapid development, distributed feature and dynamic adaptability. Mediation systems (MS) on the other hand played a critical role in Service Oriented Computing (SOC) to promote loose coupling between service providers and consumers. Dynamic evolution, monitoring and management of services are critical factors that affect the lifespan of VCs. Moreover, providing the right service to the right user on the right time is an ultimate objective for VCs to achieve. We propose a new model that will serve virtual communities regardless of their types or objectives. The model is built on top of SOA and empowered with MS. © 2014 IEEE.


Giacoumidis E.,Triangle Engineering | Jarajreh M.A.,Northumbria University | Sygletos S.,Triangle Engineering | Le S.T.,Triangle Engineering | And 7 more authors.
Optics Express | Year: 2014

A number of critical issues for dual-polarization single- and multi-band optical orthogonal-frequency division multiplexing (DPSB/ MB-OFDM) signals are analyzed in dispersion compensation fiber (DCF)-free long-haul links. For the first time, different DP crosstalk removal techniques are compared, the maximum transmission-reach is investigated, and the impact of subcarrier number and high-level modulation formats are explored thoroughly. It is shown, for a bit-error-rate (BER) of 10-3, 2000 km of quaternary phase-shift keying (QPSK) DP-MBOFDM transmission is feasible. At high launched optical powers (LOP), maximum-likelihood decoding can extend the LOP of 40 Gb/s QPSK DPSB- OFDM at 2000 km by 1.5 dB compared to zero-forcing. For a 100 Gb/s DP-MB-OFDM system, a high number of subcarriers contribute to improved BER but at the cost of digital signal processing computational complexity, whilst by adapting the cyclic prefix length the BER can be improved for a low number of subcarriers. In addition, when 16-quadrature amplitude modulation (16QAM) is employed the digital-toanalogue/ analogue-to-digital converter (DAC/ADC) bandwidth is relaxed with a degraded BER; while the 'circular' 8QAM is slightly superior to its 'rectangular' form. Finally, the transmission of wavelength-division multiplexing DP-MB-OFDM and single-carrier DP-QPSK is experimentally compared for up to 500 Gb/s showing great potential and similar performance at 1000 km DCF-free G.652 line. © 2014 Optical Society of America.


Termos H.,CNRS Communication and Information Sciences Laboratories | Rampone T.,CNRS Communication and Information Sciences Laboratories | Sharaiha A.,CNRS Communication and Information Sciences Laboratories | Hamie A.,Arts, Sciences and Technology University in Lebanon | Alaeddine A.,Lebanese University
2015 International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics, MWP 2015 - Conference Proceedings | Year: 2015

An all-optical sampling mixer based on a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier Mach-Zehnder Interferometer is performed. The frequency properties of a sampled signal are exploited to obtain both up and down frequency conversion of QPSK data. The optical pulse source, generating 10-ps width pulses at the repetition rate of 7.8 GHz as a sampling signal, allows operation in the 0.5-39.5 GHz range. The conversion gain of the all-optical sampling mixer is measured over all the frequency range. It varies over this range from 20.4 to 0 dB for frequency down-conversion and from 15.5 to -13.4 dB for frequency up-conversion. QPSK data at symbol rates between 8 MSymb/s to 128 MSymb/s are frequency converted. The Error Vector Magnitude is used to evaluate the quality of the frequency conversion. Exploitable EVMs in the range 14 to 27.4% are reached for up-conversion operation to the higher frequency for all the symbol rates. For down-conversion the EVM varies from 6.7 to 29.2% at the symbol rate of 64 MSymb/s for all the frequency range. © 2015 IEEE.


Hanna G.F.,ISL Business Consulting | Saleh Hammoud M.,Arts, Sciences and Technology University in Lebanon | Russo-Converso J.A.,Northcentral University
International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy | Year: 2014

Foreign direct investment is new phenomenon to Iraq, a post conflict country with abundance of natural resources. With dominant state-controlled public sector, attracting foreign investment is an added challenge to an economy devastated by years of wars. A qualitative case study was conducted to assess determinants of foreign direct investment in Iraq's energy sector. Data was collected from interviews with business and government subject matter experts, and a review of publically available documents. Lack of security, political instability, corruption, and inadequate government policies towards foreign direct investment as symptoms found and typically shared by other post-conflict countries. The persistence of violence was not seen as a deterrent; however, foreign direct investment activity in the energy sector was virtually limited to the semi-autonomous region of Kurdistan. Investments were either wholly-owned or joint-venture enterprises. Implications to other post conflict countries, using Kuwait and Nigeria as illustrative examples, are presented and recommendations made.


El Sayed Ahmad A.,Arts, Sciences and Technology University in Lebanon | Harmouch A.,Lebanese University | Harmouch W.,Lebanese University | Kenaan M.,Kafaat University | Floc'H J.-M.,CNRS Institute of Electronics and Telecommunications, Rennes
2015 Loughborough Antennas and Propagation Conference, LAPC 2015 | Year: 2015

This paper describes the design and analysis of a compact and efficient ultra-wideband unidirectional printed Array antenna for indoor applications. A 12cm∗ 12cm∗ 1cm array antenna is capable of covering an ultra-wide frequency band starting from LTE up to WI-MAX with an average gain exceeding 5dBi over the entire bandwidth. In comparison with the already existing antenna systems in the wireless market for similar purposes, the proposed antenna has considerably shown better performance and supplementary compactness which makes it competitive among other antenna models. Simulation results have also shown low cross polarization levels, where the sidelobe level was also minimized by introducing special reflecting element in the designed model. Adopting the proposed antenna in indoor communication systems would surely enhance the quality of signal within the covered area as well as minimize the number of access points needed for a given network. © 2015 IEEE.


Hamie A.,Arts, Sciences and Technology University in Lebanon | Hamze M.,Arts, Sciences and Technology University in Lebanon | Hamze M.,Brest National School of Engineering | Wei J.L.,University of Cambridge | And 2 more authors.
Optics Express | Year: 2011

Extensive explorations are undertaken, for the first time, of the feasibility of utilizing quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifier intensity modulators (QD-SOA-IMs) in cost-sensitive intensity-modulation and direct-detection (IMDD) passive optical network (PON) systems based on adaptively modulated optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (AMOOFDM). A theoretical QD-SOA-IM model is developed, based on which optimum QD-SOA-IM operating conditions are identified together with major physical mechanism considerably affecting the system performance. It is shown that, in comparison with previously reported SOA-IMs in similar transmission systems, QD-SOA-IMs cannot only considerably improve the AMOOFDM transmission performance but also broaden the dynamic range of optimum operating conditions. In particular, for achieving signal bit rates of >30Gb/s over >60km single mode fiber (SMF), QD-SOA-IMs offer a 10dB reduction in CW optical input powers injected into the modulators. In addition, QD-SOA-IMs can also be employed to compensate the chromatic dispersion effect. © 2011 Optical Society of America.


Madi A.,Arts, Sciences and Technology University in Lebanon | Zein O.K.,Arts, Sciences and Technology University in Lebanon | Kadry S.,Arts, Sciences and Technology University in Lebanon
International Journal of Software Engineering and its Applications | Year: 2013

Complexity is always considered as an undesired property in software since it is a fundamental reason of decreasing software quality. Measuring the complexity using some metrics is one of the important factors that were made by many research activities in order to avoid complex software. In this paper, we analyze the effectiveness of complexity in security, maintainability and errors prediction; we introduce the role of design phase in the software life cycle and the importance of the measurement in this level. We present a study of different software metrics that can be used to measure the complexity of a system during the design phase, and highlight the cyclomatic complexity metric introduced by McCabe which was studied extensively by most researchers. We also propose an improvement of cyclomatic complexity metric which aims to measure both the intra-modular and the inter-modular complexity of a system.

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