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Liège, Belgium

Gharbi M.,Artialis SA | Deberg M.,Artialis SA | Henrotin Y.,University of Liege
Frontiers in Physiology | Year: 2011

After the genomic era, proteomic corresponds to a wide variety of techniques that study the protein content of cells, tissue, or organism and that allow the isolation of protein of interest. It offers the choice between gel-based and gel-free methods or shotgun proteomics. Applications of proteomic technology may concern three principal objectives in several biomedical or clinical domains of research as in osteoarthritis: (i) to understand the physiopathology or underlying mechanisms leading to a disease or associated with a particular model, (ii), to find disease-specific biomarker, and (iii) to identify new therapeutic targets. This review aimed at gathering most of the data regarding the proteomic techniques and their applications to osteoarthritis research. It also reported technical limitations and solutions, as for example for sample preparation. Proteomics open wide perspectives in biochemical research but many technical matters still remain to be solved. © 2011 Gharbi, Deberg and Henrotin. Source

Henrotin Y.,University of Liege | Gharbi M.,Artialis SA | Dierckxsens Y.,Tilman S.A. | Priem F.,BioXtract SA | And 5 more authors.
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2014

Background: The management of osteoarthritis (OA) remains a challenge. There is a need not only for safe and efficient treatments but also for accurate and reliable biomarkers that would help diagnosis and monitoring both disease activity and treatment efficacy. Curcumin is basically a spice that is known for its anti-inflammatory properties. In vitro studies suggest that curcumin could be beneficial for cartilage in OA. The aim of this exploratory, non-controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the effects of bio-optimized curcumin in knee OA patients on the serum levels of specific biomarkers of OA and on the evaluation of pain.Methods: Twenty two patients with knee OA were asked to take 2x3 caps/day of bio-optimized curcumin (Flexofytol®) for 3 months. They were monitored after 7, 14, 28 and 84 days of treatment. Pain over the last 24 hours and global assessment of disease activity by the patient were evaluated using a visual analog scale (100 mm). The serum levels of Coll-2-1, Coll-2-1NO2, Fib3-1, Fib3-2, CRP, CTX-II and MPO were determined before and after 14 and 84 days of treatment.Results: The treatment with curcumin was globally well tolerated. It significantly reduced the serum level of Coll2-1 (p < 0.002) and tended to decrease CRP. No other significant difference was observed with the other biomarkers. In addition, curcumin significantly reduced the global assessment of disease activity by the patient.Conclusion: This study highlighted the potential effect of curcumin in knee OA patient. This effect was reflected by the variation of a cartilage specific biomarker, Coll2-1 that was rapidly affected by the treatment. These results are encouraging for the qualification of Coll2-1 as a biomarker for the evaluation of curcumin in OA treatment.Trial registration: NCT01909037 at clinicaltrials.gov. © 2014 Henrotin et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Runhaar J.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | Sanchez C.,D BOARD Consortium | Sanchez C.,University of Liege | Taralla S.,Artialis SA | And 3 more authors.
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage | Year: 2016

Objective: To determine the association between three fibulin-3 peptides and the incidence of radiographic and clinical knee osteoarthritis (OA). Design: Women between 50 and 60 years, with a BMI ≥27 kg/m2, free of knee OA, were recruited. Using binary logistic regression, the association between baseline concentration of serum fibulin (Fib)3-1, Fib3-2 and Fib3-3 and incidence of clinical and radiographic knee OA after 30 months of follow-up was evaluated. Results: Baseline and follow-up measurements were available for 241 women with a mean age of 55.9 ± 3.2 years and mean BMI of 31.7 ± 3.6 kg/m2. None of the concentrations of the three Fib3 epitopes were associated with the incidence of medial or lateral joint space narrowing (JSN) ≥1.0 mm or the incidence of Kellgren & Lawrence (K&L) grade ≥2 after 30 months. All three Fib3 epitopes were associated with the incidence of the clinical and radiographic ACR-criteria and Fib3-1 and Fib3-3 also with chronic pain at follow-up. When adjusted for the other Fib3 peptide concentrations, only Fib3-1 was significantly associated to the incidence of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR)-criteria (OR 3.2 [1.2-8.7]) and chronic pain at follow-up (OR 3.0 [1.2-7.7]). Conclusions: Baseline fibulin-3 concentrations are associated with the incidence of clinical knee OA among middle-aged overweight and obese women. Therewith, they meet the criteria of a prognostic biomarker according to the BIPED biomarker classification for OA. Further validation of the fibulin-3 epitopes seems warranted in order to better distinguish subgroups of individuals at increased risk for knee OA development. © 2015 Osteoarthritis Research Society International. Source

Gharbi M.,Artialis SA | Sanchez C.,University of Liege | Mazzucchelli G.,University of Liege | De Pauw E.,University of Liege | Henrotin Y.,University of Liege
Veterinary Journal | Year: 2013

Osteoarthritis (OA) management remains a great challenge and there is considerable effort to understand its pathophysiology and to identify new therapeutic targets and biomarkers. Canine OA surgically induced by the transection of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACLT) is a widely used and relevant model. This study reports a proteome mapping of dog serum and an analysis of the differentially expressed proteins between before and after ACLT. In the first part of the study, 261 picked protein spots were identified from preparative 2D gels and 71 different proteins were identified among the 261 spots present on the reference map. Canine serum proteome mapping reveals the presence of proteins of interest, such as fetuin B, complement C3 and C1s and pregnancy zone protein. The comparison between serum from dogs before and after ACLT reveals the differential expression of several proteins that could play a key role in the pathogenesis of OA.A number of proteins, such as fetuin B and complement C3, were increased in dog OA serum whereas others, such as hyaluronan binding protein 2, inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor H4 (ITIH4), complement C1s and C4 and haptoglobin were decreased. Some of these proteins could be candidate biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis and treatment evaluation. The results of the study also reinforced the similarities between dog experimental OA and human cases of OA. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Henrotin Y.,University of Liege | Deberg M.,Artialis SA | Balblanc J.C.,Center Hospitalier Of Belfort Montbeliard | Maillet B.,Clinique Ste Odilon | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Orthopaedic Research | Year: 2013

To measure the evolution of the serum levels of specific Osteoarthritis (OA) biomarker, Coll2-1 and Coll2-1 NO2 in knee osteoarthritic patients after viscosupplementation (VS). Fifty-one patients with unilateral symptomatic knee were recruited for this prospective open label study. They received three intra-articular injections of 2 ml of hyaluronic acid (Hylan GF-20) and were followed for 3 months. Walking pain was evaluated and serum samples were taken at each visit. Coll2-1 and Coll2-1 NO2 were measured in the serum using specific immunoassays. Variations over time of each parameter and predictive factor of response were studied. Forty-five patients were analyzed. The serum concentrations of Coll2-1 and Coll2-1 NO2 were significantly higher in KL III/IV patients compared to KL I/II patients at baseline and decreased systematically over time after VS. Its effect was ever more pronounced in patients with KL III/IV. The serum concentration of Coll2-1 was significantly lower at baseline in responders than in non-responders. This study suggests a rapid slowdown of type II collagen degradation and joint inflammation after VS with Hylan G-20 and gives additional information for the validation of accurate biomarkers for OA. The serum level of Coll2-1 appeared to be a predictive factor for response to treatment. © 2013 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

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