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Diaz R.J.,Arthur and oSonia Labatt Brain Tumour Research Center | Diaz R.J.,University of Toronto | McVeigh P.Z.,Ontario Cancer Institute | O'Reilly M.A.,Sunnybrook Research Institute | And 10 more authors.
Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine | Year: 2014

Spectral mapping of nanoparticles with surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) capability in the near-infrared range is an emerging molecular imaging technique. We used magnetic resonance image-guided transcranial focused ultrasound (TcMRgFUS) to reversibly disrupt the blood-brain barrier (BBB) adjacent to brain tumor margins in rats. Glioma cells were found to internalize SERS capable nanoparticles of 50. nm or 120. nm physical diameter. Surface coating with anti-epidermal growth factor receptor antibody or non-specific human immunoglobulin G, resulted in enhanced cell uptake of nanoparticles in-vitro compared to nanoparticles with methyl terminated 12-unit polyethylene glycol surface. BBB disruption permitted the delivery of SERS capable spherical 50 or 120. nm gold nanoparticles to the tumor margins. Thus, nanoparticles with SERS imaging capability can be delivered across the BBB non-invasively using TcMRgFUS and have the potential to be used as optical tracking agents at the invasive front of malignant brain tumors. From the Clinical Editor: This study demonstrates the use of magnetic resonance image-guided transcranial focused ultrasound to open the BBB and enable spectral mapping of nanoparticles with surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-based molecular imaging for experimental tumor tracking. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. Source

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