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TRENTON, NJ, United States

Sarvazyan A.,Artann Laboratories, Inc.
Ultrasonics | Year: 2010

This manuscript is a summary of the paper presented at the ICU'2009 on biomedical applications of acoustic radiation force with emphasis on emerging applications in microfluidics, biotechnology, biosensors and assessment of the skeletal system. In this brief overview of current and projected applications of radiation force, no detailed description of the experiments illustrating particular applications are given as this would result in a far different and longer paper. Various mechanisms of acoustic radiation force generations and their biomedical applications are considered. These mechanisms include: (a) change in the density of energy of the propagating wave due to absorption and scattering; (b) spatial variations of energy density in standing acoustic waves; (c) reflection from inclusions, walls or other interfaces; and (d) spatial variations in propagation velocity. The widest area of biomedical applications of radiation force is related to medical diagnostics, to assessing viscoelastic properties of biological tissues and fluids, and specifically to elasticity imaging. Another actively explored area is related to manipulation of biological cells and particles in standing ultrasonic wave fields. There are several poorly explored areas of potential biomedical applications of ultrasound radiation force. A promising area of biomedical application of ultrasound radiation force is stirring and mixing of microvolumes of liquids in microfluidics and in various biotechnological application where diffusion rate is the main factor limiting the efficiency of the process of interest. A new technique, called "swept frequency method", based on the use of radiation force in the standing acoustic wave for microstirring of liquids is described. The potential applications of the ultrasound radiation force for assessment of skeletal system, where conventional bone ultrasonometry are inapplicable are considered. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Methods for assessment of pelvic floor conditions based on tactile imaging are described. The vaginal wall is deformed before and after an interventional procedure using a transvaginal probe equipped with tactile pressure sensors and a motion tracking sensor. The vaginal wall coordinates and pressure patterns are obtained during the examination and used to build 3-D tactile image of the vagina and to calculate elasticity modulus profiles and spacing profiles along selected lines inside 3-D tactile image. The before and after profile values at specified locations are then compared to each other and to thresholds or profiles for normal conditions of vagina and its support structures. Methods of the invention may be used in estimating an improvement after an interventional procedure such as pelvic tissue regeneration, muscle repair or implantation of a supporting structure.

The present invention relates to a transrectal probe and method for real time mechanical imaging of a prostate. The probe is equipped with dual-array pressure sensorsone on the probe head and another on the shaft of the probe spaced away from the head with an angular and linear offset forming an S-shaped transition between the shaft and the head of the probe. The addition of the shaft pressure sensor array together with orientation tracking sensors allows precise calculation of the current head position throughout the examination of the prostate. Display means are used to guide the user in the proper manipulation of the probe in order to reduce the forces on surrounding tissues and organs and to minimize patients discomfort.

Artann Laboratories, Inc. | Date: 2013-10-08

The present invention relates to a method for real time mechanical imaging of a prostate with a transrectal probe. In the method, generating a composite two- and three-dimensional prostate mechanical image from a plurality of partial mechanical images extracted from pressure response data and a probe orientation data starts with examining the prostate by pressing a probe head pressure sensor array against it at various overlapping locations. Merging of partial mechanical images together is accomplished by analyzing an overlap between each subsequent and previous partial mechanical image. Finding the prostate is assisted with a supplemental pressure response data indicating the location of a sphincter known to be about 4-5 cm away from the prostate. Data processing is improved by including probe orientation data to further increase the accuracy and sensitivity of the method. The probe is equipped with a two-dimensional head pressure sensor array, a supplemental shaft sensor array and orientation tracking sensors including a three-axis magnetic sensor and a two-axis accelerometer sensor for calculating elevation, rotation and azimuth angles of the probe.

Agency: Department of Health and Human Services | Branch: | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase I | Award Amount: 147.02K | Year: 2012

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Dehydration is a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly. Identifying at risk individuals and maintaining adequate fluid balance is an essential component of health care in the aging population. Currently, there is no effective tool available to measure hydration status and distinguish those at risk. The reliability and validity of current hydration assessment methods and criteria such as thirst, skin turgor, blood pressure, pulse, urine output andspecific gravity, MRI, dilution methods and bioimpedance, are limited, and the methods are inaccurate or expensive. Given that dehydration is both preventable and reversible, the need for an easy- to-perform method for the detection of water imbalance isof the utmost clinical importance. The goal of this project is to develop an inexpensive and easy-to-use device that monitors changes in hydration status and predict those at risk in home-bound and institutionalized elderly. We propose to develop the Hydration Monitor (HM) that can objectively quantify changes in the body water content and hydration status. The method implemented in the device is based on the experimental fact that ultrasound velocity through soft tissue is a linear function of the tissuewater content. Because muscle provides the largest body reservoir for water, the assessment of water imbalance is conducted by measuring speed of ultrasound in muscle. Preliminary studies confirmed feasibility of Hydration Monitor, a compact hand-held device based on a proprietary ultrasonic technology developed in Artann Laboratories. The aims of this Phase I SBIR project include (1) designing and manufacturing of HM prototype, which will be tested for its ability of measuring ultrasound velocity in water as test medium with accuracy better than 1 m/s; (b) testing and validating HM prototype on tissue phantoms and excised animal tissues, demonstrating the sensitivity to water content changes should be better than 2%; and (3) designing the HM -prototypeand preparing documentation for building the HM -prototype in Phase II of the project for clinical studies. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Currently, there is no effective tool available to measure body dehydration, which is a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly. We propose to develop a compact hand-held Hydration Monitor that can objectively quantify changes in the body water content and assess hydration status. The device is based on a proprietary patented ultrasonic technology developed in Artann Laboratories.

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