Wong S.C.,Arrowhead Research
Nucleic acid therapeutics | Year: 2012
Effective in vivo delivery of small interfering (siRNA) has been a major obstacle in the development of RNA interference therapeutics. One of the first attempts to overcome this obstacle utilized intravenous injection of cholesterol-conjugated siRNA (chol-siRNA). Although studies in mice revealed target gene knockdown in the liver, delivery was relatively inefficient, requiring 3 daily injections of 50 mg/kg of chol-siRNA to obtain measurable reduction in gene expression. Here we present a new delivery approach that increases the efficacy of the chol-siRNA over 500-fold and allows over 90% reduction in target gene expression in mice and, for the first time, high levels of gene knockdown in non-human primates. This improved efficacy is achieved by the co-injection of a hepatocyte-targeted and reversibly masked endosomolytic polymer. We show that knockdown is absolutely dependent on the presence of hepatocyte-targeting ligand on the polymer, the cognate hepatocyte receptor, and the cholesterol moiety of the siRNA. Importantly, we provide evidence that this increase in efficacy is not dependent on interactions between the chol-siRNA with the polymer prior to injection or in the bloodstream. The simplicity of the formulation and efficacy of this mode of siRNA delivery should prove beneficial in the use of siRNA as a therapeutic.
Arrowhead Research | Date: 2015-11-02
RNA interference is provided for inhibition of histamine receptor H1 mRNA expression, in particular, for treating patients having an HRH1-related condition or at risk of developing an HRH1-related condition such as allergic conjunctivitis, ocular inflammation, dermatitis, rhinitis, asthma, or allergy.
Arrowhead Research | Date: 2015-08-17
RNA interference is provided for inhibition of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) by silencing TNF cell surface receptor TNF receptor-1 (TNFR1) mRNA expression, or by silencing TNF converting enzyme (TACE/ADAM17) mRNA expression. Silencing such TNF targets, in particular, is useful for treating patients having a TNF-related condition or at risk of developing a TNF-related condition, such as ocular angiogenesis, retinal ischemia, and diabetic retinopathy.
Arrowhead Research | Date: 2015-07-29
The invention relates to double-stranded ribonucleic acids (dsRNAs) targeting gene expression of phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase (PI4K), in particular human phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase, catalytic, beta polypeptide (PIK4CB) or human phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase, catalytic, alpha polypeptide (PIK4CA), and their use for treating infection by positive stranded RNA viruses such as hepatitis C virus (HCV). Each dsRNA comprises an antisense strand having a nucleotide sequence which is less that 30 nucleotides in length, generally 19-25 nucleotides in length, and which is substantially complementary to at least a part of the PIK4CB or PIK4CA target mRNA. A plurality of such dsRNA may be employed to provide therapeutic benefit. The invention also relates to a pharmaceutical composition comprising the dsRNA together with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, and including a delivery modality such as fully encapsulated liposomes or lipid complexes. The invention further includes methods for treating diseases caused by positive stranded RNA virus infection using the pharmaceutical compositions; and methods for inhibiting the propogation of positive stranded RNA viruses in and between cells.
Arrowhead Research | Date: 2015-05-28
The present disclosure relates to RNAi agents useful in methods of treating BetaENaC-related diseases such as cystic fibrosis, pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1 (PHA1), Liddles syndrome, hypertension, alkalosis, hypokalemia, and obesity-associated hypertension, using a therapeutically effective amount of a RNAi agent to Beta-ENaC.