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Shen G.,Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Military Medical science | Wang Y.-J.,Army Radiation Cancer Center | Sheng H.-G.,Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Military Medical science | Duan X.-P.,Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Military Medical science | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic Disease | Year: 2012

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the application of double CT imaging to measuring the respiratory movement of small pulmonary tumors during stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR). Methods: A total of 122 small pulmonary tumors were measured in 45 patients. CT scans were conducted twice in all 122 tumors, once at the end of quiet inhalation and once at the end of exhalation. CT scans were conducted three times including at the end of quiet inhalation, at the end of exhalation and at free breathing in 36 tumors of 17 patients. The displacement of the tumor center in three directions was measured. Results: The 3D motion of 122 tumors was 10.10±7.16 mm. On average, the tumors moved 1.96±2.03 mm (rang, 0-9 mm) in the X direction, 5.19±4.69 mm (rang, 0-19 mm) in the Y direction, and 7.38±6.48 mm (rang, 0-26 mm) in the Z direction. The 3D motion of tumors in the lower lung (13.00±7.64 mm) was significantly greater than that in the upper lung (7.15±5.14 mm), P<0.01. The 3D motion of the lower left lung was 16.35±7.31 mm, which was significantly greater than that of the lower right lung (11.40±7.04 mm), P<0.05. Movement in the anterior lung in the Y direction was significantly larger than in the posterior lung. The motion was 7.49±5.43 mm and 4.04±3.82 mm respectively, P<0.01. Conclusions: Double CT imaging provides accurate data for determining the outline of each target area during stereotactic ablative radiotherapy plane. The location of small pulmonary tumor foci was significantly affected by respiratory and cardiac motion. © Pioneer Bioscience Publishing Company.

Wang J.,Army Radiation Cancer Center | Xia T.-Y.,Army Radiation Cancer Center | Wang Y.-J.,Army Radiation Cancer Center | Li H.-Q.,Army Radiation Cancer Center | And 7 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2011

Purpose: To establish the safety profile and efficacy of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) concurrent with individualized radiotherapy (RT) in patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients and Methods: Between June 2007 and January 2010, 26 patients with Stage III/IV NSCLC were enrolled in this prospective study. These patients were treated with EGFR-TKIs (gefitinib 250 mg or erlotinib 150 mg, oral daily) concurrent with individualized RT with curative intent. The thoracic RT plans were individually designed on the basis of tumor size and normal tissue volume constraints. All patients were assessed for toxicity, and 25 patients were available for efficacy. The primary endpoints were acute toxicity, overall survival, and median survival time. The secondary endpoints included local control rate, time to tumor progression, and progression-free survival (PFS). Results: Median gross tumor volume, mean lung dose, and lung V20 were 56 cm 3, 8.6 Gy, and 14%, respectively. Median thoracic radiation dose was 70 Gy at a margin of gross tumor volume (range, 42-82 Gy), and median biological equivalent dose was 105 Gy (range, 60-119 Gy). Acute skin, hematologic, esophageal, and pulmonary toxicities were acceptable and manageable. Severe adverse events included neutropenia (Grade 4, 4%) and thrombocytopenia (Grade 4, 8%), esophagitis (Grade 3, 4%), and pneumonitis (Grade 3, 4%). With a median follow-up of 10.2 months, a local control rate of 96% was achieved for thoracic tumor. Median time to progression, median PFS, and median survival time were 6.3, 10.2, and 21.8 months, respectively. The 1- and 2-year PFS rates were both 42%, and 1-, 2-, and 3-year overall survival rates were 57%, 45%, and 30%, respectively. Conclusion: Concurrent EGFR-TKIs with individualized RT shows a favorable safety profile and promising outcome, therefore serving as a therapeutic option for patients with locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

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