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Boondireke S.,Mahidol University | Tan-ariya P.,Mahidol University | Boonyongsunchai P.,Phramongkutklao Hospital | Wattanathum A.,Phramongkutklao Hospital | Treewatchareekorn S.,Army Institute of Pathology
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2010

A multiplex PCR assay for the simultaneous detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Pneumocystis jirovecii was developed using IS6110-based detection for M. tuberculosis and mitochondrial large-subunit (mtLSU) rRNA gene detection for P. jirovecii. Ninety-five pulmonary blinded samples were examined using the developed multiplex PCR assay, and the results were compared with those obtained by the single nested PCRs targeting IS6110 for M. tuberculosis and mtLSU rRNA for P. jirovecii. Of the 95 pulmonary samples tested, the multiplex nested PCR developed here could detect 36 cases of M. tuberculosis infection, 35 cases of P. jirovecii infection, and 17 cases of M. tuberculosis and P. jirovecii coinfections. The sensitivities of the multiplex nested PCR in detecting M. tuberculosis and P. jirovecii were 92.1% and 81.4%, respectively, whereas the specificities in detecting M. tuberculosis and P. jirovecii were 98.2% and 100%, respectively. Copyright © 2010, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.


Background: Insufficient arterial blood flow is the one cause of flap necrosis. Cilostazol is an inhibitor of phosphodiesterase III and increases cyclic AMP level in vascular smooth muscle cell causing vasodilation. Therefore, effect of cilostazol is expected to improve the viability of the flap. Methods: Double blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted. The study was to compare the survival of dorsal rat flaps between preoperative cilostazol supplemented diet and regular diet. The flap survival area was measured using PixArea Image software on post operative day 1,3,5 and 7. Fluorescein injection was performed to evaluate the exactly area of flap survival on postoperative day 7 and morphology of arterioles and venules were examined by histopathologic examination. Results: A statistical significance was found in the percentage of area of flap survival between cilostazol supplemented diet and control group on postoperative day 3, 5 and 7 (p < 0.05). Fluorescein injection showed the higher area of flap survival in cilostazol group than the control group (p < 0.05). Histopathologic examination showed dilation of vessels in the cilostazol group. Conclusion: Preoperative cilostazol in rats can enhance skin flap survival. © 2015 Burusapat et al.


Srinroch C.,Kasetsart University | Srisomsap C.,Chulabhorn Research Institute | Chokchaichamnankit D.,Chulabhorn Research Institute | Punyarit P.,Army Institute of Pathology | Phiriyangkul P.,Kasetsart University
Food Chemistry | Year: 2015

Abstract Edible insects have recently been promoted as a source of protein and have a high nutrition value. Identification of allergens and cross-reactivity between Macrobrachium spp. and the field cricket (Gryllus bimaculatus) is necessary for food safety control and to assist in the diagnosis and therapy of allergy symptoms. Denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) was used to separate proteins. Allergens were determined and identified by IgE-immunoblotting with pooled sera from prawn-allergic patients (n = 16) and LC-MS/MS. Arginine kinase (AK) and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) were determined as the important allergens in muscle of Macrobrachium rosenbergii whereas, hemocyanin (HC) was identified as an allergen in Macrobrachium spp. The allergens in Macrobrachium lanchesteri were identified as AK and HC. In addition, hexamerin1B (HEX1B) was identified as a novel and specific allergen in G. bimaculatus. The important allergen in G. bimaculatus and Macrobrachium spp. is AK and was found to cross-react between both species. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Jatapai A.,Thammasat University | Nelson K.E.,Johns Hopkins University | Chuenchitra T.,Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical science | Kana K.,Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical science | And 2 more authors.
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Year: 2010

Epidemiologic studies of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are unusual in developing countries, especially Thailand. We evaluated the prevalence and risk factors for HCV among military conscripts, including a sample of 5,246 men (1:30 sample), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 positive men (N = 500) between 2005 and 2008. The HCV prevalence was 2.2% in the sampled group and 8.4% in HIV-1 sero-positives. Among the sampled group, HIV-1 infection, injection drug use (IDU) history, and unsafe injections were associated with HCV infection; adjusted prevalence rate ratios [RRs; 95% confidence intervals (CIs)] were 3.7 (1.04-12.77), 1.9 (1.04-3.54), and 1.8 (1.02-3.11), respectively. Among HIV-1 sero-positives, an IDU history and residence in southern Thailand were associated with HCV prevalence; adjusted RRs (95% CIs) were 3.5 (1.71-7.24) and 2.6 (1.18-5.61), respectively. Public health measures to prevent HCV in Thailand should focus on reducing injection drug use and other exposures to unsafe injections among young Thai men. Copyright © 2010 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.


Chavalitshewinkoon-Petmitr P.,Mahidol University | Punyarit P.,Army Institute of Pathology
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2012

Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women worldwide, including Thailand. In the present study, the differential mRNA expression of SVEP1, LPHN3, KLB, ITGA7, SEMA3G, TNS1 and MMP13 genes was examined in breast cancer using quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (QRT-PCR). Among these genes, increased LPHN3 and MMP13 mRNA expression levels correlated with axillary-node metastasis (P=0.02). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that LPHN3 and MMP13 mRNA expression is significantly associated with axillary node status in breast cancer (P=0.04).


PubMed | Army Institute of Pathology, Kasetsart University and Chulabhorn Research Institute
Type: | Journal: Food chemistry | Year: 2015

Edible insects have recently been promoted as a source of protein and have a high nutrition value. Identification of allergens and cross-reactivity between Macrobrachium spp. and the field cricket (Gryllus bimaculatus) is necessary for food safety control and to assist in the diagnosis and therapy of allergy symptoms. Denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) was used to separate proteins. Allergens were determined and identified by IgE-immunoblotting with pooled sera from prawn-allergic patients (n=16) and LC-MS/MS. Arginine kinase (AK) and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) were determined as the important allergens in muscle of Macrobrachium rosenbergii whereas, hemocyanin (HC) was identified as an allergen in Macrobrachium spp. The allergens in Macrobrachium lanchesteri were identified as AK and HC. In addition, hexamerin1B (HEX1B) was identified as a novel and specific allergen in G. bimaculatus. The important allergen in G. bimaculatus and Macrobrachium spp. is AK and was found to cross-react between both species.


Champattanachai V.,Chulabhorn Research Institute | Netsirisawan P.,Chulabhorn Graduate Institute | Chaiyawat P.,Chulabhorn Graduate Institute | Phueaouan T.,Chulabhorn Graduate Institute | And 7 more authors.
Proteomics | Year: 2013

O-GlcNAcylation is a dynamic PTM of nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins, regulated by O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and O-GlcNAcase, which catalyze the addition and removal of O-GlcNAc, respectively. This modification is associated with glucose metabolism, which plays important roles in many diseases including cancer. Although emerging evidence reveals that some tumor-associated proteins are O-GlcNAc modified, the total O-GlcNAcylation in cancer is still largely unexplored. Here, we demonstrate that O-GlcNAcylation was increased in primary breast malignant tumors, not in benign tumors and that this augmentation was associated with increased expression of OGT level. Using 2D O-GlcNAc immnoblotting and LC-MS/MS analysis, we successfully identified 29 proteins, with seven being uniquely O-GlcNAcylated or associated with O-GlcNAcylation in cancer. Of these identified proteins, some were related to the Warburg effect, including metabolic enzymes, proteins involved in stress responses and biosynthesis. In addition, proteins associated with RNA metabolism, gene expression, and cytoskeleton were highly O-GlcNAcylated or associated with O-GlcNAcylation. Moreover, OGT knockdown showed that decreasing O-GlcNAcylation was related to inhibition of the anchorage-independent growth in vitro. These data indicate that aberrant protein O-GlcNAcylation is associated with breast cancer. Abnormal modification of these O-GlcNAc-modified proteins might be one of the vital malignant characteristics of cancer. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


Phueaouan T.,Chulabhorn Graduate Institute | Chaiyawat P.,Chulabhorn Graduate Institute | Netsirisawan P.,Chulabhorn Graduate Institute | Chokchaichamnankit D.,Chulabhorn Research Institute | And 6 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2013

O-GlcNAcylation is a post-translational modifica tion of serine and threonine residues which is dynamically regulated by 2 enzymes; O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and O-GlcNAcase (OGA) that catalyze the addition and removal of a single N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) molecule, respec tively. This modification is thought to be a nutrient sensor in highly proliferating cells via the hexosamine biosyn thesis pathway, a minor branch of glycolysis. Although emerging evidence suggests that O-GlcNAc modification is associated with many types of cancer, identification of O-GlcNAc-modified proteins and their role in cancer remain unexplored. In the present study, we demonstrated that O-GlcNAcylation is increased in primary colorectal cancer tissues, and that this augmentation is associated with an increased expression of OGT levels. Using 2-dimensional O-GlcNAc immunoblotting and LC-MS/MS analysis, 16 proteins were successfully identified and 8 proteins showed an increase in O-GlcNAcylation, including cytokeratin 18, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins A2/B1 (hnRNP A2/B1), hnRNP H, annexin A2, annexin A7, laminin-binding protein, α-tubulin and protein DJ-1. Among these identified proteins, annexin A2 was further confirmed to show overexpression of O-GlcNAc in all cancer samples. The results, therefore, indicate that aberrant O-GlcNAcylation of proteins is associated with colorectal cancer and that identification of O-GlcNAc-modified proteins may provide novel biomarkers of cancer.


PubMed | Army Institute of Pathology, Chulabhorn Research Institute and Chulabhorn Graduate Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncology reports | Year: 2016

Thyroid cancer is the most common human endocrine malignancy with increasing global incidence. Papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC) and follicular thyroid carcinomas (FTC) are well-differentiated thyroid cancers (WDTC) accounting for 95% of all thyroid cancer cases, with survival rates of almost 100% when diagnosed early. Since PTC and FTC have different modes of metastasis, they require different treatment strategies. Standard diagnosis by fine needle aspiration with cytopathological examination can be inaccurate in approximately 10-30% of all cases and difficult to definitively classify as WDTC. Currently, there is no single or panel of biomarkers available for thyroid cancer diagnosis and classification. This study identified novel biomarkers for thyroid cancer diagnosis and classification using proteomics, which may be translated into a biomarker panel for clinical application. Two-dimensional SDS-PAGE and mass spectrometry were used to identify potential biomarkers in papillary and follicular thyroid carcinoma cell lines, and the biomarkers were validated in five PTC and five FTC tissues, with their adjacent normal tissues from Thai patients. Eight biomarkers could distinguish PTC from normal tissues, namely enolase 1, triose phosphate isomerase, cathepsin D, annexin A2, cofilin 1, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), copine 1 and heat shock protein 27 kDa (HSP27). These biomarkers can also discriminate FTC from normal tissues, except for annexin A2. On the contrary, annexin A2, cofilin 1, PCNA and HSP27 can be used to classify the types of WDTC. These findings have potential for use as a novel multi-marker panel for more accurate diagnosis and classification to better guide physicians on thyroid cancer treatment. Moreover, our results suggest the involvement of proteins in cell growth and proliferation, and the p53 pathway in the carcinogenesis of WDTC, which may lead to targeted therapy for thyroid cancer.


Wangpermtam P.,Mahidol University | Sanguansin S.,Mahidol University | Petmitr S.,Mahidol University | Punyarit P.,Army Institute of Pathology | Weerapradist W.,Mahidol University
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2011

Oral cancer ranks as one of the top ten cancers in Thailand. Molecular carcinogenesis of this disease remains unknown. The purpose of this report was to identify the genetic alteration profile in Thai oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients using arbitrarily primed PCR and to determine the association between genetic alterations and clinico-pathological characteristics. Band alteration profiles in the 33 OSCC tissues were compared with corresponding normal tissues amplified from 60 arbitrary primers using arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction (AP-PCR) were identified with 12 primers. Among these, 45 band patterns presented the alteration ranged from 36% to 88%. Primer AD15 at 750 base pairs (AD15-750bp) was found to have both the highest band alteration (88%) and the highest band loss (37%). The highest DNA band amplification was found in primer AX11-1300bp (52%). Primer AX-11 at 1300 base pairs at the altered frequency of 52% was significantly associated with smoking (p=0.007), and primer N20 at 800 base pairs showed association with low grade tumors (p=0.030). Our results indicate that AP-PCR is a useful technique for detecting genetic alteration in oral squamous cell carcinomas and to provide various genetic alternative data.

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