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Ymittos Athens, Greece

Salemis N.S.,Army Veterans General Hospital
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine | Year: 2013

Superficial leiomyosarcomas are rare malignant smooth-muscle tumors accounting for 4-6.5% of all soft-tissue sarcomas, less than 2-3% of cutaneous soft-tissue neoplasms and 0.04% of all cancers. They are divided into cutaneous or dermal and subcutaneous leiomyosarcomas. Subcutaneous tumors have been reported to be associated with an increased risk of local recurrences and distant metastases, compared to their cutaneous counterparts. In this study, we describe a rare case of a recurrent subcutaneous trunk leiomyosarcoma in a 68-year-old male patient. Local recurrence developed two years after the complete surgical resection with wide margins and adjuvant postoperative radiotherapy. The management of the patient is discussed along with a review of the literature. We conclude that subcutaneous leiomyosarcoma is a rare clinical entity which may be associated with an atypical clinical presentation. Physicians should be aware of the misleading features of this tumor in order to avoid delay in diagnosis and treatment. Early complete surgical resection with wide margins of at least 2 cm is the cornerstone of treatment and has been reported to mostly influence the prognosis. However, the tumor has a high tendency to recur locally and metastasize. Recurrence may develop despite wide resection and radiotherapy. Long-term follow-up is mandatory. Source


Salemis N.S.,Army General Hospital | Gourgiotis S.,Army General Hospital | Tsiambas E.,Army Veterans General Hospital | Panagiotopoulos N.,Army General Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer | Year: 2010

Background and Purpose: Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is the most common soft-tissue sarcoma of late adult life occurring predominantly in the extremities. Primary intra-abdominal MFH is a very rare occurrence. The aim of this study is to describe a very rare case of an intra-abdominal MFH with a highly aggressive clinical course. Methods: A 67-year-old male was referred to our department with a 2-week history of dull lower abdominal pain and a gradually enlarging right lower abdominal mass, which he first noticed 2 months prior to admission. Computed tomography (CT) scan demonstrated a mass in the right iliac fossa. Results: On exploratory laparotomy, a tumor was found in the right iliac fossa attached to the parietal lateral peritoneum without any evidence of invasion into the adjacent structures. Complete excision of the tumor with clear margins was performed. Histological and immunohistochemical examinations showed a MFH. One month after surgery, while on adjuvant chemotherapy, the patient was readmitted with dyspnea and a slightly palpable mass in the area of the previous radical resection. CT scan revealed local tumor recurrence along with multiple pulmonary metastatic deposits. Unfortunately, despite treatment, the patient died of progressive disease 5 weeks later. Conclusions: Primary intra-abdominal MFH is a very rare but aggressive malignancy with a high tendency of local recurrence and metastatic spread. Early detection and complete surgical excision with clear margins is the treatment of choice. In some cases, however, the tumor can exhibit a highly aggressive clinical course despite radical surgery and adjuvant therapy. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source


Salemis N.S.,Army Veterans General Hospital | Tsiambas E.,Army Veterans General Hospital | Liatsos C.,Army Veterans General Hospital | Karameris A.,Army Veterans General Hospital | Tsohataridis E.,Army Veterans General Hospital
Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer | Year: 2010

Background/purpose: Adult intussusception is a rare clinical entity accounting for 5% of all intussusceptions. Symptoms and signs are often vague and non-specific making a preoperative diagnosis difficult. The purpose of this study is to present a rare case of a jejuno-jejunal intussusception due to primary intestinal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in a patient with an unusual clinical course. Methods: A 78-year-old man presented with a 1-month history of abdominal pain, nausea, epigastric fullness, and weight loss. Computed tomography scan and ultrasonography findings were suggestive of small bowel intussusception. Results: Laparotomy revealed a jejuno-jejunal intussusception caused by a primary B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma 20 cm distal to the ligament of Treitz. Resection without prior reduction was performed. The patient refused postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. Seven months later, he presented with upper gastrointestinal bleeding, and the diagnostic evaluation revealed gastric infiltration of large B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Despite chemotherapy, he died of disseminated progressive disease 7 months later. Conclusions: Adult jejuno-jejunal intussusception due to primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is a rare clinical entity. A high index of suspicion is needed as symptoms and signs are not pathognomonic. Appropriate investigations can lead to a prompt preoperative diagnosis. Resection without prior reduction is the treatment of choice. Our patient's refusal of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy likely resulted in relapse of the disease in another part of the gastrointestinal tract. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

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