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Le Pont, France

Malet A.,Agro ParisTech | Bournaud E.,Agro ParisTech | Lan A.,Agro ParisTech | Mikogami T.,Armor Proteines | And 2 more authors.
Bone | Year: 2011

We have previously shown that bovine lactoferrin (bLF) supplementation can have a beneficial effect on postmenopausal bone loss by modulating bone formation and resorption. A direct effect of bLF on bone metabolism is support by its presence in mice blood. Moreover we know that LF plays a key role in innate immunity and recent studies have shown its ability to modulate adaptive immunity. In particular bLF ingestion prevents recruitment and activation of immune cells at inflammatory sites. We propose that LF through its ability to modulate maturation and differentiation of leucocytes can participate to abolish the deregulation induced by estrogen deficiency on T cells. This study evaluated the effects of bovine lactoferrin on immune function in ovariectomized mice. We investigated whether bLF ingestion could prevent bone loss via modulation of immune function. Three-month-old female C3H mice were either ovariectomized or sham-operated and fed for 1, 2 or 4. months with a control diet (AIN-93M) or the same diet including 10. g bLF/kg diet. Bone mineral density was determined using a Lunar Piximus densitometer. The immune parameters were assessed by flow cytometry. In addition, Real-Time PCR was performed to quantify TNFα expression and plasma cytokines were measured at 4. months with Luminex. Ovariectomy induced significant changes on bone parameters and increased recruitment of macrophages, dendritic cells, and B and T cells associated with T lymphocyte activation in bone marrow. Compared to the control diet, ingestion of bLF-enriched diet for 2. months prevented T cell activation and restored dendritic and B cell populations in the bone micro-environment in ovariectomized mice. Furthermore, TNFα expression in bone was decreased by bLF supplementation after 2 and 4. months. Similarly, a decreased plasma level of TNFα was observed concomitantly to an increase of IL-10 level. In conclusion, these experiments suggest that bLF can mediate the prevention of lymphocyte activation and cytokine release in the bone micro-environment. Dietary bLF supplementation could have a beneficial effect on postmenopausal bone loss by modulating immune function. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. Source

Blat S.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Vincent S.,UEB ENS Rennes M2S | Lefeuvre L.,UEB ENS Rennes M2S | Lemoine-Morel S.,UEB ENS Rennes M2S | And 4 more authors.
Obesity | Year: 2015

Objective The pandemic of obesity in Western countries is mainly due to the high-fat, high-energy diet prevailing there. Obesity-associated metabolic disorders are the consequence of fat mass increase leading to altered adipokine secretion, hyperlipemia, oxidant stress, low-grade inflammation, and eventually glucose intolerance. Yet not all people consuming a Western diet become obese, and the question is raised whether these people are also at risk of developing metabolic disorders. Methods Glucose tolerance, lipid profile, and oxidant and inflammation status were investigated longitudinally in lean Göttingen minipigs receiving for 16 weeks either a normal diet (ND), a Western diet (WD), or a Western diet supplemented with a whey protein isolate (WPI) rich in α-lactalbumin known to improve glucose tolerance. ND and WD were supplied isoenergetically. Results Lean minipigs fed WD displayed glucose intolerance and altered lipid profile after 6 weeks of diet but no inflammation or oxidative stress. Supplementation with WPI alleviated glucose intolerance by improving insulin secretion, but not lipid profile. Conclusions Western diet consumption is deleterious for glucose tolerance even in the absence of fat mass accretion, and dyslipemia is a major determinant for this metabolic dysfunction. Stimulating insulin secretion with a WPI is an effective strategy to improve glucose tolerance. © 2014 The Obesity Society. Source

Forster R.,CiToxLAB France | Bourtourault M.,Armor Proteines | Chung Y.J.,Nestle | Silvano J.,CiToxLAB France | And 5 more authors.
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology | Year: 2014

TM0601p is a whey protein isolate derived from cow milk, containing a concentrated amount of transforming growth factor β2 (TGF-β2), and is intended for nutritional use in infants and adults. In vivo and in vitro studies have been performed to evaluate the safety of this product. In a 13-week toxicity study, treatment of adult Sprague-Dawley rats by gavage at up to 2000. mg/kg/day did not result in any significant findings other than minor non-adverse changes in urinary parameters in females. The no-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL) was established as 2000. mg/kg/day. In a juvenile toxicity study, rat pups received 600. mg/kg/day by gavage from postnatal day (PND) 7 to PND 49. Transient lower bodyweight gain in the pre-weaning period was attributed to gastrointestinal effects of the viscous test material; following weaning, bodyweight gain was comparable to the vehicle controls. Reduced eosinophil counts and changes in urinary parameters (females) were recorded in treated pups at PND 49, and higher thymus weights were recorded in males only at the end of the recovery period (Day 77). None of the findings were considered adverse. There were no other significant findings and the NOAEL was established as 600. mg/kg/day. No evidence of genotoxicity was seen in the bacterial reverse mutation test or the in vitro micronucleus test. Overall the results obtained present a reassuring safety profile for TM0601p. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. Source

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