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Hung L.-F.,National Health Research Institute | Huang K.-Y.,Graduate Institute of Microbiology and Immunology | Yang D.-H.,Armed Forces Taichung General Hospital | Chang D.-M.,National Defense Medical Center | And 3 more authors.
Mechanisms of Ageing and Development

Accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) is a hallmark in aged people. T cells play important roles in maintaining homeostasis of immune function. This study investigated the effects of AGEs-bovine serum albumin (AGEs) in human T cells. Incubation of Jurkat and several immortalized T cell lines with AGEs resulted in cell death dose-dependently. AGEs-induced cell death was partially but significantly blocked by neutralizing antibodies recognizing receptor of AGEs. In addition to detecting DNA nick, simultaneous stainings of annexin V with 7-amino-actinomycin D further confirmed the apoptotic nature of cell death. AGEs also caused apoptosis in purified T cells. Although AGEs-induced apoptosis could be blocked by the pan-caspase inhibitor, Ala-Asp-fluomethyl ketone (Z-VAD-fmk), there was no activation of caspase-3, -5, -8 and -9. AGEs caused mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization and this process was prevented by an antioxidant or Z-VAD-fmk. Furthermore, AGEs treatment led to translocation of apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) from the mitochondria into the nucleus. Altogether, this report demonstrated that AGEs induced T cell apoptosis in an oxidative stress-associated and caspase-dependent manner with involvement of the mitochondrial pathway. It is likely that AGEs-induced T cell apoptosis may play a role in T cell homeostasis in ageing. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

Lin H.W.,Armed Forces Taichung General Hospital | Lin H.W.,Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology | Lin H.W.,Asia University, Taiwan | Yu T.C.,Asia University, Taiwan | And 2 more authors.
European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology

The term "human papillomavirus" has been used as the keyword during searching titles, abstracts, and keywords based on the online version of Science Citation Index (SCI), Web of Science from 1993 to 2008. Twelve document types were found among the 14,943 papers published in 1,072 journals that were listed in 99 SCI subject categories. All the articles referring to human papillomavirus were assessed by using the following aspects: characteristics of publication output, distribution of output in journals, publication output of source country, source institute, and analysis of word clusters in title, author keywords, and keywords plus. The results have shown that the USA ranked first using five publication indicators including total, single country, international, first author, and corresponding author publications. China has had the sharpest rise of publications since 2004. The top four European countries in 2008 were France, Germany, the UK, and Italy, respectively. Trend studies with word cluster analysis were performed with regards to the areas of immunology, screening methodology, behavioral sciences, economics, and meta-analysis. All those areas have shown a sharp upward rise since 2004. In addition, hypermethylation-induced inactivation of the p16 gene in the early stages of oncogenesis has been getting more interest in recent years. Source

Huang S.-J.,China Medical University at Taichung | Fu R.-H.,China Medical University at Taichung | Shyu W.-C.,China Medical University at Taichung | Liu S.-P.,China Medical University at Taichung | And 7 more authors.
Cell Transplantation

In mammals, the two main types of adipose tissues, white and brown adipose tissues, exert different physiological functions. White adipose tissue (WAT) is for storing energy, while brown adipose tissue (BAT) is for energy consumption. Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are abundant in WAT and BAT, have multipotent characteristics, and are easily extracted. ADSCs can be differentiated into several cell lineages, including adipocytes, osteoblasts, chondrocytes (cartilage cells), myocytes, and neuronal cells. Therefore, ADSC could be considered as a strategy for future regenerative medicine and tissue engineering. © 2013 Cognizant Comm. Corp. Source

Wu M.H.,China Medical University at Taichung | Lo J.-F.,National Yang Ming University | Kuo C.-H.,Taipei Physical Education College | Lin J.A.,China Medical University at Taichung | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Cellular Physiology

Tumor malignancy is associated with several cellular properties including proliferation and ability to metastasize. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) the most potent vasoconstrictor plays a crucial role in migration and metastasis of human cancer cells. We found that treatment of human chondrosarcoma (JJ012 cells) with ET-1 increased migration and expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13. ET-1-mediated cell migration and MMP-13 expression were reduced by pretreatment with inhibitors of focal adhesion kinase (FAK), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), Akt, and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), as well as the NF-κB inhibitor and the IκB protease inhibitor. In addition, ET-1 treatment induced phosphorylation of FAK, PI3K, AKT, and mTOR, and resulted in increased NF-κB-luciferase activity that was inhibited by a specific inhibitor of PI3K, Akt, mTOR, and NF-κB cascades. Taken together, these results suggest that ET-1 activated FAK/PI3K/AKT/mTOR, which in turn activated IKKα/β and NF-κB, resulting in increased MMP-13 expression and migration in human chondrosarcoma cells. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Lai T.-Y.,China Medical University at Taichung | Su C.-C.,Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital | Su C.-C.,Tzu Chi University | Kuo W.-W.,China Medical University at Taichung | And 8 more authors.
Oncology Reports

Currently, there are no diagnostic or metastatic markers that can be used in early diagnosis and treatment of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to find a molecular marker that regulated migration and metastasis in HCC. We analyzed the gene expression of β-catenin, c-Myc and IL-8 in human HCC tissue by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry and analyzed five variously differentiated HCC cell lines by Western blotting and migration and invasion assays to find markers for HCC diagnosis and HCC metastasis. mRNA expression of β-catenin was significantly higher in the tumor area compared to the nontumor area and was more abundant in specimens of late-stage HCC. Immunohi stochemistry revealed that the translocation of β-catenin into the nucleus was closely correlated with IL-8 protein levels and tumor stage. Similarly, the level of expression and nuclear translocation of β-catenin was greater in HA22T cells with high proliferative activity than in HCC cell lines with low proliferative activity (PLC, Hep3B, HepG2). Knockdown of the β-catenin gene with β-catenin antisense oligonucleotides resulted in inhibition of cell migration and invasion of HA22T cells. Taken together, these results suggest that β-catenin may be a suitable diagnostic marker of metastasis in human HCC. Source

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