Alexandria Armed Forces Hospital

Alexandria, Egypt

Alexandria Armed Forces Hospital

Alexandria, Egypt
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Moaaz M.,Alexandria University | Abo El-Nazar S.,Alexandria University | Abd El-Rahman M.,Alexandria Armed Forces Hospital | Soliman E.,El Maamora Hospital
Immunological Investigations | Year: 2016

Bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder which remains a significant cause of morbidity. Recently, it has been reported that the stem cell factor (SCF) and interleukin-31 (IL-31) may play a major role in bronchial asthma. The aim of the current study was to study the association of the stem cell factor and interleukin-31 expression with serum immunoglobulin E among Egyptian patients with atopic and nonatopic bronchial asthma. After measuring serum IgE using total enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), Ribonucleic acid (RNA) was isolated to determine gene expression of SCF and IL-31 by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The levels of SCF mRNAs in atopic asthmatic patients PBMCs were significantly higher than those in controls (p = 0.0001∗∗) and nonatopic asthmatics (p = 0.0001∗∗). There was a high statistical significant difference also with regard to IL-31 between atopic asthmatics and controls (p = 0.0001∗∗) and between them and nonatopic patients (p = 0.014∗). There was a strong significant direct correlation between SCF, IL-31 (r = 0.827 and p = 0.0001∗∗) and between both of them and IgE in asthmatics (r = 0.543 and p = 0.0001∗∗) (r = 0.443 and p = 0.0001∗∗), respectively. A direct correlation between SCF, IL-31 and FEV-1/FVC %, CRP and wheezing existed. These findings suggest that both SCF and IL-31 play an important role in mediating inflammation and enhancing severity of atopic asthma. Augmented inhaled glucocorticoid therapy was associated with significant reductions in SCF and IL-31 mRNA expression as well as improvements in lung function, symptom scores and bronchial hyperresponsiveness to methacholine (PD20) in atopic and nonatopic asthmatics. © 2016 Taylor and Francis.

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