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CAMBRIDGE, United Kingdom

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: COMPET-06-2014 | Award Amount: 1.03M | Year: 2015

Computers are used in a variety of space-borne equipment for numerous on-board applications and processors are at the core of these equipment. However, currently existing space-grade processors are not suitable to be used in the next generation spacecraft computing platforms because they do not provide sufficient performance, power-efficiency and are too expensive. On the other hand, ARM processors are known to be extremely power-efficient and low-cost while providing high performance and are at the core of the vast majority of terrestrial application markets such as smart phones, tablet computers, and other embedded devices. Future space processors and current terrestrial are now converging, as for safety and mission critical market segments there is a growing concern about radiation effects even at the ground level. Therefore TCLS ARM FOR SPACE targets the following high level objectives: - Bring one of the mainstream CPUs with the largest software eco-system into the space sector (ARM Cortex R5) - Establish an innovative radiation hardened methodology for this CPU making it attractive to both space and terrestrial applications - Study the portability to European latest and highest performance hardened semiconductor technology (STM65nm) This is achieved by the collaboration of the most experienced companies in this field, namely Airbus Defence and Space (G, F) for specific heritage on high reliable and radiation hardened systems, ARM (UK) providing its excellence in processor core IPs and know-how in this field of developments and Atmel (F) and Dolphin (F) contributing with their space and STM65nm technology experience and knowledge respectively. This activity will allow the incorporation of research groups (ARM Research Group) and SMEs (Dolphin) into the space landscape. The exploitation and the dissemination of the results will be guaranteed by the wide sales and marketing network provided by Airbus DS and Atmel for the space and ARM for the terrestrial sectors.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-04-2015 | Award Amount: 4.82M | Year: 2016

The projects principal aim is the development of UniServer: a universal system architecture and software ecosystem for servers. UniServer will facilitate the evolution of the Internet from an infrastructure where data is aggregated to centralized data-centres to an infrastructure where data are handled in a distributed and localized manner close to the data sources. UniServer will realize its bold goal by greatly improving the energy efficiency, performance, dependability and security of the current state-of-the-art micro-servers, while reinforcing the supported system software. UniServer will develop effective means to expose the intrinsic hardware heterogeneity caused by process variations, harness it and use it to its advantage for improving energy efficiency or performance. Lightweight, only software, mechanisms will be embedded for exposing to the system software the pessimistic voltage/frequency margins currently adopted in commercial processor and memory, which will be enhanced with new margin/fault-aware runtime and resource management policies. The UniServer technology will be ported on the world-first 64-bit ARM based Server-on-Chip and evaluated using smart emerging applications deployed in classical cloud business data-centres as well as in new environments closer to the data sources. UniServer aspires to deliver a unique fully working prototype that will turn the opportunities in the emerging Big Data and IoT markets into real, smarter products that can improve the everyday life and lead to a substantial financial and employment growth. The unique blend of expertise of UniServers consortium consisting of world leading low-power processor and Server-on-Chip suppliers (ARM, APM) as well as system software developer (IBM), and a set of emerging application drivers and established research organisations guarantees the successful realization of the ambitious goals, while reinforcing Europes strong position in traditional and new multi-billion euro market.

Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Training Grant | Award Amount: 4.08M | Year: 2014

High Performance Embedded and Distributed Systems (HiPEDS), ranging from implantable smart sensors to secure cloud service providers, offer exciting benefits to society and great opportunities for wealth creation. Although currently UK is the world leader for many technologies underpinning such systems, there is a major threat which comes from the need not only to develop good solutions for sharply focused problems, but also to embed such solutions into complex systems with many diverse aspects, such as power minimisation, performance optimisation, digital and analogue circuitry, security, dependability, analysis and verification. The narrow focus of conventional UK PhD programmes cannot bridge the skills gap that would address this threat to the UKs leadership of HiPEDS. The proposed Centre for Doctoral Training (CDT) aims to train a new generation of leaders with a systems perspective who can transform research and industry involving HiPEDS. The CDT provides a structured and vibrant training programme to train PhD students to gain expertise in a broad range of system issues, to integrate and innovate across multiple layers of the system development stack, to maximise the impact of their work, and to acquire creativity, communication, and entrepreneurial skills. The taught programme comprises a series of modules that combine technical training with group projects addressing team skills and system integration issues. Additional courses and events are designed to cover students personal development and career needs. Such a comprehensive programme is based on aligning the research-oriented elements of the training programme, an industrial internship, and rigorous doctoral research. Our focus in this CDT is on applying two cross-layer research themes: design and optimisation, and analysis and verification, to three key application areas: healthcare systems, smart cities, and the information society. Healthcare systems cover implantable and wearable sensors and their operation as an on-body system, interactions with hospital and primary care systems and medical personnel, and medical imaging and robotic surgery systems. Smart cities cover infrastructure monitoring and actuation components, including smart utilities and smart grid at unprecedented scales. Information society covers technologies for extracting, processing and distributing information for societal benefits; they include many-core and reconfigurable systems targeting a wide range of applications, from vision-based domestic appliances to public and private cloud systems for finance, social networking, and various web services. Graduates from this CDT will be aware of the challenges faced by industry and their impact. Through their broad and deep training, they will be able to address the disconnect between research prototypes and production environments, evaluate research results in realistic situations, assess design tradeoffs based on both practical constraints and theoretical models, and provide rapid translation of promising ideas into production environments. They will have the appropriate systems perspective as well as the vision and skills to become leaders in their field, capable of world-class research and its exploitation to become a global commercial success.

Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 567.20K | Year: 2016

Energy efficiency is one of the primary design constraints for modern processing systems. Hardware accelerators are seen as a key technology to address the high performance with limited energy issue. In addition the arrival of computing languages such as OpenCL offer a route to the programmer to target different types of multi-core accelerators using a single source code. Performance portability is a significant challenge specially if the accelerators have different microarchitectures such as is the case in CPU-GPU-FPGA systems. This research addresses the energy and performance challenge by investigating how a device formed by processing units with different granularities ranging from coarse grain CPU cores of different complexity, medium grain general purpose GPU cores and fine grain FPGA logic cells can be dynamically programmed. The challenge is to be able to program all these resources with a single programming model and create a run-time system that can automatically tune the software to the best execution resource from energy and performance points of view. The results from this research are expected to deliver new fundamental insights to the question of: How future computers can obtain orders of magnitude higher performance with limited energy budgets?

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-26-2014 | Award Amount: 10.78M | Year: 2015

Following the trends of the creation of the The Internet of Things (IoT) and the rapid penetration of SSL based lighting, it is very advantageous to connect the luminaires in buildings to the Internet. OpenAIS aims at setting the leading standard for inclusion of lighting for professional applications in to IoT, with a focus on office lighting. This will enable a transition from the currently existing closed and command oriented lighting control systems to an open and service oriented system architecture. Openness and service orientation will create an eco-system of suppliers of interoperable components and a market for apps that exploit the lighting system to add value beyond the lighting function. Added value can e.g. be related to more efficient use of the building, reduction of carbon footprint and increased comfort and wellbeing. In addition, IoT will facilitate smooth and effective interaction of the lighting system with other functions in a building such as e.g. HVAC, security and access control. Extensibility and security of the system architecture are important aspects and will be guaranteed. The OpenAIS project will define the requirements and use cases for offices in 2020, define the best open system architecture, identify existing ICT components to be used and develop additional components. The system will be validated by a pilot installation in a real office setting. After the OpenAIS project, the Consortium will pursue standardization of the system architecture, aiming at the creation of the leading standard for Internet connected lighting. The project brings together a strong collaboration of the leading lighting companies Zumtobel, Tridonic, and Philips and the major players in IoT technology ARM, NXP and Imtech. Consortium partner Johnson Controls represents the end user and academic knowledge on ICT and system architecture is present through TU/e and TNO-ESI. During the project, the Consortium will seek close cooperation with the IoT community.

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