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Århus, Denmark

Vancheri C.,University of Catania | Cottin V.,University of Lyon | Kreuter M.,University of Heidelberg | Hilberg O.,Arhus Universitetshospital
Sarcoidosis Vasculitis and Diffuse Lung Diseases | Year: 2015

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a complex disease that is associated with various respiratory and non-respiratory comorbidities. The most common comorbidity is cardiovascular disease (CVD), which increases in incidence with increasing duration of IPF and is associated with a higher risk of mortality. The direction of causality between CVD and IPF is unclear. There is evidence that IPF is associated with a prothrombotic state; however, warfarin is not beneficial in IPF patients. Lung cancer is another common comorbidity, being present in more than 50% of IPF patients at 10 years after diagnosis. IPF and lung cancer share several risk factors and pathogenic pathways and also show a similar anatomic distribution; this can make radiological diagnosis difficult. As with CVD, lung cancer in IPF patients is associated with a significantly worse prognosis and treatment options are limited. Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy have all been associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. However, treatment may be considered in selected patients with less advanced cancer and less advanced IPF. Emphysema may occur in patients with IPF and is believed to represent a distinct clinical syndrome, known as the combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema (CPFE) syndrome. CPFE has a strong male predominance, is strongly linked with smoking, and has distinct radiographic features. CPFE is also associated with a very high frequency of pulmonary hypertension, which is associated with a poor prognosis. There are no specific treatments for CPFE and evaluation of IPF therapies in CPFE patients is urgently needed. © Mattioli 1885. Source

Jensen H.I.,University of Aarhus | Christensen M.,Sygehus Lillebaelt Forskningsinitiativet | Hansen M.D.,Arhus Universitetshospital | Sorensen A.L.,University of Southern Denmark
Ugeskrift for Laeger | Year: 2010

The Danish Act of Patient Safety entered into force in 2004. This paper studies the consequences of the Act for the health care system and its users by a literature evaluation and an interview study with key persons. Despite the substantial resources spent on the reporting system, no evidence is found that the Act has an improved effect on patient safety. One of the biggest barriers for reporting adverse events is a lack of follow-up and feedback. Research into the patient's role on preventing adverse events is limited. The possibilities created by the Act should be utilized to their full potential. Source

Urup T.,Arhus Universitetshospital
Ugeskrift for laeger | Year: 2010

Cancer is dependent on so-called cancer stem cells that initiate and maintain the cancer cell population. Stem cells are described in normal tissue as low-frequent, self-renewing cells with a multi- or pluripotent differentiation potential. The true characteristics of the cancer-initiating cells are still not entirely known, but it is obvious that identifying these cells will enable us to better understand the biology of cancer. In this article, we focus on normal haematopoietic stem cells and cancer stem cells in leukaemia and multiple myeloma. Source

A case of bacteriaemia and meningitis caused by Haemophilus parainfluenzae in an adult patient without known immunodeficiency and normal complement system is presented. H. parainfluenzae has not previously been reported as the cause of meningitis in Denmark. Patients with invasive H. parainfluenzea infection should be examined for complement factor 7 defect. Source

Mattia C.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Mattia C.,Janssen Cilag SpA | Coluzzi F.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Coluzzi F.,Arhus Universitetshospital | And 2 more authors.
European Journal of Anaesthesiology | Year: 2010

Background and objective Inadequate postoperative pain control remains a problem for many patients undergoing surgery. This study presents subgroup analyses from a large, randomized, multicentre, European study comparing the efficacy and safety of the fentanyl HCl iontophoretic transdermal system and morphine intravenous patient-controlled analgesia for postoperative pain management. Methods The efficacy and safety of the fentanyl iontophoretic transdermal system and morphine intravenous patientcontrolled analgesia were evaluated for patients divided by surgery type, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status and type of anaesthesia used during surgery. Efficacy measures included a patient global assessment of the method of pain control (a rating of 'good' or 'excellent' was considered as a success rating) and mean last pain intensity scores in the first 24 h. Discontinuation rates and the incidence of adverse events were also evaluated. Results Numerically similar percentages of patients in most subgroups reported success on the last patient global assessment in the first 24 h for both the fentanyl iontophoretic transdermal system and morphine intravenous patientcontrolled analgesia. Similar percentages of investigators reported success ratings on the investigator global assessment at the last assessment for both treatment groups regardless of surgery type, except for the knee surgery subgroup (fentanyl iontophoretic transdermal system, 75%; morphine intravenous patient-controlled analgesia, 95%). Mean last pain intensity scores in the first 24 h after surgery were similar in all subgroups. Rates of patient withdrawals and the incidence of adverse events were generally similar between treatment groups in the patient subgroups. Conclusion The fentanyl iontophoretic transdermal system and morphine intravenous patient-controlled analgesia are comparably well tolerated and effective methods of pain control, regardless of sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status or the type of anaesthesia used for surgery, and following most surgery types. © 2010 Copyright European Society of Anaesthesiology. Source

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