Buonaguro L.,Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Viral Oncogenesis and Reference Center |
Buonaguro L.,University of Maryland Baltimore County |
Petrizzo A.,Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Viral Oncogenesis and Reference Center |
Tornesello M.,Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Viral Oncogenesis and Reference Center |
And 11 more authors.
Journal of Translational Medicine | Year: 2010
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the major risk factors for chronic hepatitis, which may progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, as well as for type II mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC), which may further evolve into an overt B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). It has been previously shown that B-cell receptor (BCR) repertoire, expressed by clonal B-cells involved in type II MC as well as in HCV-associated NHL, is constrained to a limited number of variable heavy (VH)- and light (VL)-chain genes. Among these, the VK3-20 light chain idiotype has been selected as a possible target for passive as well as active immunization strategy. In the present study, we describe the results of a multiparametric analysis of the innate and early adaptive immune response after ex vivo stimulation of human immune cells with the VK3-20 protein. This objective has been pursued by implementing high-throughput technologies such as multiparameter flow cytometry and multiplex analysis of cytokines and chemokines. © 2010 Buonaguro et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source
Parolini O.,Centro Of Ricerca E Menni |
Alviano F.,University of Bologna |
Bergwerf I.,University of Antwerp |
Boraschi D.,National Research Council Italy |
And 28 more authors.
Stem Cells and Development | Year: 2010
Among the many cell types that may prove useful to regenerative medicine, mounting evidence suggests that human term placenta-derived cells will join the list of significant contributors. In making new cell therapy-based strategies a clinical reality, it is fundamental that no a priori claims are made regarding which cell source is preferable for a particular therapeutic application. Rather, ongoing comparisons of the potentiality and characteristics of cells from different sources should be made to promote constant improvement in cell therapies, and such comparisons will likely show that individually tailored cells can address disease-specific clinical needs. The principle underlying such an approach is resistance to the notion that comprehensive characterization of any cell type has been achieved, neither in terms of phenotype nor risks-to-benefits ratio. Tailoring cell therapy approaches to specific conditions also requires an understanding of basic disease mechanisms and close collaboration between translational researchers and clinicians, to identify current needs and shortcomings in existing treatments. To this end, the international workshop entitled "Placenta-derived stem cells for treatment of inflammatory diseases: moving toward clinical application" was held in Brescia, Italy, in March 2009, and aimed to harness an understanding of basic inflammatory mechanisms inherent in human diseases with updated findings regarding biological and therapeutic properties of human placenta-derived cells, with particular emphasis on their potential for treating inflammatory diseases. Finally, steps required to allow their future clinical application according to regulatory aspects including good manufacturing practice (GMP) were also considered. In September 2009, the International Placenta Stem Cell Society (IPLASS) was founded to help strengthen the research network in this field. © 2010 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source
Marra E.,Takis S.r.l |
Sousa V.L.,Areta International |
Gaziano R.,University of Rome Tor Vergata |
Pacello M.L.,Takis S.r.l |
And 4 more authors.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy | Year: 2014
Posaconazole is currently used for the prophylaxis of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA). Limitations to posaconazole usage are drug-drug interactions and side effects. PTX3 is an innate immunity glycoprotein with opsonic activity, proven to be protective in IPA animal models. This study investigated the combination of posaconazole with PTX3. The results indicate synergy between PTX3 and posaconazole against aspergillosis, suggesting that a combination of reduced doses of posaconazole with the immune response enhancer PTX3 might represent a treatment option with a higher therapeutic index than posaconazole. Copyright © 2014, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Source
Simonelli S.,University of Milan |
Tinti C.,Toscana Life science Foundation |
Salvini L.,Toscana Life science Foundation |
Tinti L.,Toscana Life science Foundation |
And 7 more authors.
Biologicals | Year: 2013
Lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) is the enzyme responsible for cholesterol esterification in plasma. Mutations in the LCAT gene leads to two rare disorders, familial LCAT deficiency and fish-eye disease, both characterized by severe hypoalphalipoproteinemia associated with several lipoprotein abnormalities. No specific treatment is presently available for genetic LCAT deficiency. In the present study, recombinant human LCAT was expressed and tested for its ability to correct the lipoprotein profile in LCAT deficient plasma. The results show that rhLCAT efficiently reduces the amount of unesterified cholesterol (-30%) and promotes the production of plasma cholesteryl esters (+210%) in LCAT deficient plasma. rhLCAT induces a marked increase in HDL-C levels (+89%) and induces the maturation of small preβ-HDL into alpha-migrating particles. Moreover, the abnormal phospholipid-rich particles migrating in the LDL region were converted in normally sized LDL. © 2013 The International Alliance for Biological Standardization. Source
Martorelli D.,Italian National Cancer Institute |
Guidoboni M.,Italian National Cancer Institute |
Guidoboni M.,U.S. National Institutes of Health |
De Re V.,Italian National Cancer Institute |
And 14 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2012
Purpose: An increasing set of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (B-NHL) show a biased usage of IGKV3-20 and IGKV3-15 immunoglobulin genes, a feature that could be exploited for the development of ready-to-use, broadly applicable cancer vaccines. Experimental Design: The immunogenic properties of clonal IGKV3-20 and IGKV3-15 proteins were analyzed with particular focus on their ability to elicit cross-reactive responses against molecularly related IGKV proteins expressed by different B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders. Results: IGK+ lymphoma patients show humoral and T-cell responses to IGKV3-20 and IGKV3-15 proteins and IGKV3-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) can be easily induced ex vivo. IGKV3-20-specific CTLs cross-react against different IGKV3 proteins, an effect mediated by the presence of 21 shared, sometimes promiscuous, T-cell epitopes, presented by common HLA class I allele products, thus assuring a broadHLAcoverage of IGKV3-based vaccines. Many natural epitope variants are carried by IGK light chains expressed by a broad spectrum of B-NHLs and we show that IGKV3-20-specific CTLs cross-react also against several of these variant epitopes. Both humoral and CTL-specific responses were induced by KLH-conjugated IGKV3-20 protein in HLA-A2-transgenic mice and coinjection of IGKV3-20-specific CTLs with IGKV3-20+ or IGKV3-15+ lymphoma cells into SCID mice totally prevented tumor growth, thus confirming the ability of these effectors to mediate efficient and cross-reactive cytotoxic responses also in vivo. Conclusions: These results provide the rationale to exploit IGKV3 proteins as "off-the-shelf" vaccines for a large fraction of lymphoma patients. ©2012 American Association for Cancer Research. Source