Navolato, Mexico
Navolato, Mexico

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Casanova-Rosado A.J.,Autonomous University of Campeche | Medina-Sols C.E.,Autonomous University of the State of Hidalgo | Casanova-Rosado J.F.,Autonomous University of Campeche | Vallejos-Sanchez A.A.,Autonomous University of Campeche | And 6 more authors.
Gaceta Medica de Mexico | Year: 2013

Objective: to determine the effect of birth cohort on dental fluorosis in Mexican schoolchildren during the implementation of the national program to fluoridate domestic salt. Material and methods: in a cross-sectional study we examined 1,644 schoolchildren 6-13 years old born between 1985-1992 in Campeche, México a community where there is negligible naturally available fluoride in water supplies. Dental fluorosis was assessed with the Dean's index in the permanent dentition. Questionnaires were used to identify diverse socio-demographic and socio-economic variables. In the statistical analysis logistic regression was used. Results: the prevalence of fluorosis was 15.5%. In the multivariate model, we observed fluorosis was associated with larger family sizes (OR: 0.91; 95% CI: 0.84-0.99) and female sex (OR: 0.74; 95% CI: 0.57-0.98). Furthermore, using the cohort of 1985 as a comparison group, no significant dental fluorosis differences were found with those born between 1986-1987; in contrast, in the cohorts born between 1989-1992 the risk of dental fluorosis increased by almost four times (p < 0.05). Conclusion: the prevalence of fluorosis was low compared.

Acuna-Gonzalez G.,Autonomous University of Campeche | Acuna-Gonzalez G.,Hospital Of Especialidades Dr Manuel Campos | Medina-Solis C.E.,Autonomous University of the State of Hidalgo | Maupome G.,Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis | And 6 more authors.
Biomedica | Year: 2011

Introduction: From an epidemiological point of view, non-syndromic orofacial clefts are the most common oral congenital deformities worldwide. Objective: Family histories were traced and socioeconomic risk factors were identified for non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate. Material and methods: A case-control study was carried out with 208 cases of non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate, and matched by age and sex with 416 controls. Cases were patients attending a referral clinic from 2002 through 2004 in Campeche, Mexico. A questionnaire was administered to collect sociodemographic and socioeconomic variables as well as familial background relevant to non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate. Conditional logistic regression models were used; adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Results: In the multivariate model, the following risk factors were identified: 1) low socioeconomic status; 2) birth in the southern region of Campeche state; 3) home delivery or delivery in a publicly funded hospital; 4) occurrence of prior non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate cases in the father's or mother's family: 5) having a sibling with non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate; 6) the proband having another malformation, and 7) a history of infections during pregnancy. Prenatal care consisting of vitamin supplementation was a protective factor for non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (odds ratio=0.29). Conclusions: A "social gradient in health" was seen to link oral malformation with diet components, and several socioeconomic and socio-demographic factors broadly encompassed in low socioeconomic status. Further characterization of risk factors will guide the assemblage of a pro-active counseling and prevention program for families at risk for non-syndromic cleft lip and cleft palate.

Villalobos-Rodelo J.J.,Area de Medicina Preventiva | Villalobos-Rodelo J.J.,Autonomous University of Sinaloa | Medina-Solis C.E.,Autonomous University of the State of Hidalgo | Verdugo-Barraza L.,Area de Medicina Preventiva | And 5 more authors.
Biomedica | Year: 2013

Introduction: Dental caries is one of the most common chronic childhood diseases worldwide. In Mexico it is a public health problem. Objective: To identify variables associated with caries occurrence (non-reversible and reversible lesions) in a sample of Mexican schoolchildren. Material and methods: We performed a cross-sectional study in 640 schoolchildren of 11 and 12 years of age. The dependent variable was the D1+2MFT index, comprising reversible and irreversible carious lesions (dental caries) according to the Pitts D1/D2 classification. Clinical examinations were performed by trained and standardized examiners. Using structured questionnaires we collected socio demographic, socio-economic and health-related oral behaviors. Negative binomial regression was used for the analysis. Results: The D1+2MFT index was 5.68±3.47. The schoolchildren characteristics associated with an increase in the expected average rate of dental caries were: being female (27.1%), having 12 years of age (23.2%), consuming larger amounts of sugar (13.9%), having mediocre (31.3%) and poor/very poor oral hygiene (62.3%). Conversely, when the family owned a car the expected mean D1+2MFT decreased 13.5%. Conclusions: When dental caries occurrence (about 6 decayed teeth) is estimated taking into consideration not only cavities (lesions in need of restorative dental treatment) but also incipient carious lesions, the character of this disease as a common clinical problem and as a public health problem are further emphasized. Results revealed the need to establish preventive and curative strategies in the sample.

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