Alfaras I.,University of Barcelona |
Perez M.,Area de Fisiologia |
Juan M.E.,University of Barcelona |
Merino G.,University of León |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2010
trans-Resveratrol undergoes extensive metabolism in the intestinal cells, which leads to the formation of glucuronide and sulfate conjugates. Given the important role of the breast cancer resistance protein (ABCG2/BCRP) in the efflux of conjugated forms, the present study investigates the bioavailability and tissue distribution of trans-resveratrol and its metabolites after the oral administration of 60 mg/kg in Bcrp1?/? mice. trans-Resveratrol and its metabolites were measured in intestinal content, plasma and tissues by HPLC. At 30 min after administration, intestinal content showed decreases of 71% and 97% of resveratrol glucuronide and sulfate, respectively, in Bcrp1 ?/?, indicating a lower efflux from the enterocytes. Furthermore, the area under plasma concentration curves (AUC) of these metabolites increased by 34% and 392%, respectively, whereas a decrease in the AUC of trans-resveratrol was found. In conclusion, Bcrp1 plays an important role in the efflux of resveratrol conjugates, contributing to their bioavailability, tissue distribution and elimination. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
Fernandez B.E.,Area de Fisiologia |
Fernandez B.E.,University of Oviedo |
Diaz E.,Area de Fisiologia |
Fernandez C.,Area de Fisiologia |
And 2 more authors.
Current Aging Science | Year: 2013
We have investigated the effect of melatonin administration on the cytometric and endocrine functions of the ovary during aging. Young cyclic (3 months old), middle-aged pre-acyclic (13 months old), and old acyclic (22 months old) female Wistar rats were used for two months, in both control and melatonin-treated groups. Cell cycle by flow cytometry: the percentage of ovarian cells in the G0-G1 phase was the highest in both control and melatonin-treated rats. However, melatonin treatment significantly reduced (P< 0.05) the percentage of cells in the G0-G1 phase compared to control rats. This reduction of cells in the G0-G1 phase is derived to the S phase in cyclic and acyclic rats. The possibility that a tumoral process leads to a proliferative effect observed in young and acyclic melatonin-treated rats was ruled out because no significant differences were found for p53 and Ki67 expression levels between control and melatonin groups. Density of oocytes: the oocyte number per ovary unit volume was not affected by melatonin treatment in the three age ranges studied. Melatonin treatment in middle-aged (pre-acyclic) rats resulted in significantly higher (P< 0.05) ovarian volume; higher oocyte volume, without significant differences, and oocytes in circular form were significantly (P< 0.05) higher than in control rats. Melatonin treatment during pre-acyclic age range could resynchronize the estrous cycle periodicity. Melatonin treatment was able to maintain the same levels of estradiol in the pre-acyclic age groups studied as those observed in the young cyclic rats. The present results indicate that melatonin administration to middle-aged female rats produces beneficial effects that extend the reproductive function of the ovary. © 2013 Bentham Science Publishers.