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Plans are the main instrument of communication in the engineering process of irrigation installations works, which ranges from the elaboration of the project to the final delivery of the work, and the standardization of graphical symbols that appear on them is of fundamental importance to that communication be really effective. Nowadays there isn't a specific standard that includes all the elements that can appear on irrigation projects. These appear a dispersed among different standards, which cover only certain particular aspects, and in many cases they refer to fields not strictly related to irrigation. The aim of this work is to define the current situation of the standardization of graphical symbols for irrigation projects by analyzing the currently existing standards, especially standards relating to the drafting of the irrigation projects edited by UNE EN ISO, AS, DIN, ASAE, NTE and IRAM. The analysis highlighted two types of functional irregularities: the existence of several different symbols for the same element and the lack of graphical symbols for certain elements. Source


Pando Cerra P.,Area de Expresion Grafica en la Ingenieria | Alvarez Penin P.,Area de Expresion Grafica en la Ingenieria | Perez Morales M.,Area de Expresion Grafica en la Ingenieria | Higuera Garrido A.,Area de Expresion Grafica en la Ingenieria
Computer Applications in Engineering Education | Year: 2011

In the current European university reform teacher-based education is replaced by another form of teaching, which is more focused on the students. To facilitate this task, a self-learning-oriented application called AIMEC-DT was developed. This article discusses, by means of an educational experience, the advantages of using these types of interactive tools adapted to achieve that goal. The results obtained allow us to conclude that their use can be a significant improvement in teaching in engineering. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source


Cerra P.P.,Area de Expresion Grafica en la Ingenieria | Penin P.A.,Area de Expresion Grafica en la Ingenieria | Diaz R.G.,Area de Expresion Grafica en la Ingenieria | Morales M.P.,Area de Expresion Grafica en la Ingenieria
Computer Applications in Engineering Education | Year: 2010

The herein presented application allows the betterment of the learning process of 3D-Computer Assisted Design. In this way the student can easily develop the necessary skills as to the use of the tools by following a regular procedure for grasping the knowledge. For this she/he may use an exercise organizer. Besides, the teacher is allowed to customize the contents and control all the information. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

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