Bermudez-Couso A.,Area de Edafoloxia e Quimica Agricola |
Fernandez-Calvino D.,Area de Edafoloxia e Quimica Agricola |
Pateiro-Moure M.,Area de Edafoloxia e Quimica Agricola |
Garrido-Rodriguez B.,Area de Edafoloxia e Quimica Agricola |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2011
Metalaxyl adsorption and desorption behavior in acid soils were evaluated via batch and stirred-flow chamber experiments. On the basis of batch experiments (adsorption curves of the Giles C-type), metalaxyl has a low affinity for acid soils. Also, as derived from batch and stirred-flow chamber tests, its adsorption in acid soils is dictated mainly by their organic matter and clay contents. The high correlation between these two variables makes it rather complicated to resolve their effects. Metalaxyl adsorption occurs largely (80-99%) via fast adsorption reactions. On the other hand, the pesticide is desorbed in variable proportions (30-100%). The desorption parameters obtained by fitting the results to a pseudo-first-order reaction were correlated with no edaphic variable; however, the q0/qmax ratio, which is a measure of reversibility in the adsorption-desorption process, exhibited significant negative correlation with the organic matter and clay contents. © 2011 American Chemical Society.