Area de Mejora y Biotecnologia

Spain

Area de Mejora y Biotecnologia

Spain
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Madrid E.,Area de Mejora y Biotecnologia | Madrid E.,CSIC - Institute for Sustainable Agriculture | Palomino C.,Area de Mejora y Biotecnologia | Plotner A.,Goethe University Frankfurt | And 5 more authors.
Phytopathologia Mediterranea | Year: 2013

Understanding the host response to Ascochyta fabae in faba bean (Vicia faba L.), is crucial to elucidate the biology of host resistance. In an attempt to unravel the faba bean - A. fabae interaction, we performed genome-wide transcriptome profiling by deepSuperSAGE that quantified the early transcriptional changes elicited by the fungus in the resistant29H faba bean genotype. The total number of 26 bp tags obtained was 1,313,009, of which 51,484 were unique sequences (UniTags) and 161 of them corresponded to fungal sequences. Sequences with a full match of the 26 bp revealed 2,222 tags with a significant P-value that were expressed differentialy between inoculated and control leaves. After gene ontology (GO) annotation, 2,143 of these matched to databases sequences (approximately 1/3 into each GO domain). At a 2.7-fold change threshold, 1,197 sequences were significantly differentially expressed in infected as compared to control leaves. Of these, nearly half were up- and the other downregulated. The most enriched GO terms corresponded to tags related with photosynthesis metabolism or structural components. Ten of them can be associated with plant defense, due to their association with responses to the jasmonic acid pathway, pectin esterase activity or gene silencing. Validation of the SuperSAGE data by qPCR of ten differentially expressed UniTags confirmed a rapid increase or decrease in mRNA 8 to 12 hours after inoculation in most of the up-regulated tags and, less consistently, in the downregulated ones. This study represents the most comprehensive analysis of the Ascochyta-response transcriptome of faba bean available to date. The applicability of these tags will increase as more faba bean genomic and cDNA sequences become available. © Firenze University Press.


Moreno R.,Area de Mejora y Biotecnologia | Espejo J.A.,Consejo Regulador IGP del Esparrago de Huetor Tajar | Gil J.,University of Cordoba, Spain
Euphytica | Year: 2010

The development of triploid cultivars from crosses between the tetraploid landrace 'Morado de Huetor' and diploid commercial cultivars was studied in this work. Fertility of both 4x × 2x and 2x × 4x crosses, as measured by fruit set and number of seeds per fruit, and germination rate of triploid seeds, were studied in order to assess the viability of producing commercial seeds. Seven triploid hybrid progenies were included in a progeny test together with thirteen experimental tetraploid hybrids and four cultivars ('Grande', 'UC157-F2', 'Purple Passion' and 'Morado de Huetor'). Marketable spear production and mean diameter of spears were evaluated in both 2007 and 2008. Crosses 4x × 2x were more successful than 2x × 4x, and a wide variation from high to very low fertility within tetraploid females was found. Germination rate of triploid seeds was similar to diploid ones. After 2 years of evaluation experimental hybrid triploids were more productive than tetraploids with values similar to the highest yielding diploid cultivar ('Grande'). Spear diameter of triploid hybrids was in general thicker than the tetraploid hybrids and significantly thinner than the standard cultivars 'Grande' and 'Purple Passion' (tertraploid). These results suggest that the development of new triploid cultivars (4x × 2x) employing a tetraploid landrace from a different genetic background of current diplods could be interesting in asparagus breeding, broadening the spectrum of cultivated asparagus cultivars. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

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