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Rimini, Italy

Deligeorges S.,Biomimetic Systems | Cakiades G.,ARDEC | George J.,U.S. Army | Wang Y.,Clemson University | Doyle F.,University of California at Santa Barbara
IEEE International Conference on Multisensor Fusion and Integration for Intelligent Systems | Year: 2015

Smart sensors are becoming an integral part of the evolving technology landscape; their ability to share reduced data over networks enables live data fusion, which significantly improves sensor performance and situational awareness. A lightweight, mobile acoustic sensor network has been used as an infrastructure to layer multi-sensor fusion algorithms, for detection of impulsive events such as gunfire or explosions. The system can create actionable information within seconds, and can be used to direct assets such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to specific coordinates, for eyes-on assessment in under a minute. The sensor array will be discussed in terms of its three primary components: the smart sensors, the synchronization network, and the fusion algorithms. Performance of the array from recent tests will be examined with respect to small arms and simulated mortar fire, and producing actionable information. In addition, test results will be discussed in context of autonomous control of UAV assets and potential applications. © 2015 IEEE.


Baker A.H.,Michigan Technological University | Baker A.H.,Boeing Company | Sanders P.G.,Michigan Technological University | Lass E.A.,U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology | And 2 more authors.
Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science | Year: 2016

Thermal stabilization of nanograined metallic microstructures (or nanostructures) can be difficult due to the large driving force for growth that arises from the inherently significant boundary area. Kinetic approaches for stabilization of the nanostructure effective at low homologous temperatures often fail at higher homologous temperatures. Alternatively, thermodynamic approaches for thermal stabilization may offer higher temperature stability. In this research, modest alloying of aluminum with solute (1 pct by mole Sc, Yb, or Sr) was examined as a means to thermodynamically stabilize a bulk nanostructure at elevated temperatures. Following 1-hour annealing treatments at 673 K (400 °C) (0.72 Tm), 773 K (500 °C) (0.83 Tm), and 873 K (600 °C) (0.94 Tm), the alloys remain nanocrystalline (<100 nm) as measured by Warren–Averbach Fourier analysis of X-ray diffraction peaks and direct observation of TEM dark-field micrographs, with the efficacy of stabilization: Sr ≈ Yb > Sc. The disappearance of intermetallic phases in the Sr- and Yb-containing alloys in the X-ray diffraction spectra is observed to occur coincident with the stabilization after annealing, suggesting that precipitates dissolve and the boundaries are enriched with solute. © 2016, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International (outside the USA).


Ucer T.C.,Oaklands Hospital | Botticelli D.,ARDEC | Stavropoulos A.,Malmo University | Mattheos N.,University of Hong Kong
European Journal of Dental Education | Year: 2014

Introduction: Previous surveys have shown that newly graduated dentists, in most European countries, do not obtain adequate theoretical knowledge and, especially, clinical skills in implant dentistry (ID) through their undergraduate education and must therefore acquire knowledge and develop competencies through further postgraduate study. Moreover, clinicians, in general, need to continue to maintain the currency of their competence by undertaking ongoing continuing professional development (CPD). This seems particularly important in ID as techniques, and materials develop rapidly due to advances in biomedical technology. Despite recent developments, CPD in ID remains poorly organised with little standardisation or harmonisation across Europe. The objective of this survey was to explore the current status and trends within CPD education in ID in Europe. Materials and methods: Stakeholders and opinion leaders associated with ID education were invited by email to fill an online questionnaire (closing date: 30th April 2013). Two hundred and forty-seven questionnaires were distributed, and two separate reminders were sent to participants in 38 European countries. The survey contained 14 multiple-choice questions, and the data were collected using SurveyMonkey© software, exported in SPSS (Inc, Chicago, IL, USA) format and analysed using descriptive statistics. Results: Two hundred respondents working in 24 countries replied to the survey (response rate of 81% of invitees and 63% of countries surveyed). The results demonstrated a wide divergence in the content and structure of CPD in ID in Europe. Conclusions: Dentists need CPD to develop their skills and to maintain their competence in ID. There is an urgent need for structured and accredited CPD, which should be readily available to all dentists practising ID. It should have pre-determined learning objectives, delivered by accredited CPD providers and educators, and have assessable outcome measures to ensure the best possible impact on clinical practice and patient safety. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Ucer T.C.,Oaklands Hospital | Botticelli D.,ARDEC | Stavropoulos A.,Malmo University | Cowpe J.G.,University of Cardiff
European Journal of Dental Education | Year: 2014

Introduction: Training for dental practitioners in implant dentistry ranges from 1- or 2-day short Continuing Professional Development (CPD) courses to certificate/diploma programmes run by universities. In general, the teaching of implant dentistry in Europe lacks structure and standardisation. This paper aims to: (i) identify the current trends in CPD in implant dentistry in Europe; (ii) identify potential and limitations with regards to the design and implementation of CPD activities in implant dentistry; (iii) provide recommendations on the future structure and development of CPD activities in implant dentistry. Methods: A search of the literature was undertaken in PubMed for manuscripts published in English after 2000 reporting on CPD in dentistry and in implant dentistry in particular. In addition, an electronic survey was conducted, investigating the attitudes towards CPD among a wide group of stakeholders in implant dentistry education. Conclusions: There is a wide diversity of educational pathways towards achieving competences in implant dentistry through CPD. At present, there is a need for improving the CPD structures in implant dentistry, strengthening the quality assurance and encouraging standardisation and transparency of the learning outcomes. Development of a structured CPD system with clearly defined educational objectives mapped against specific levels of competence is recommended. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Scala A.,ARDEC | Lang N.P.,University of Hong Kong | Schweikert M.T.,University of Habana | de Oliveira J.A.,Sao Paulo State University | And 4 more authors.
Clinical Oral Implants Research | Year: 2014

Aim: To describe the sequential healing of open extraction sockets at which no attempts to obtain a primary closure of the coronal access to the alveolus have been made. Material and methods: The third mandibular premolar was extracted bilaterally in 12 monkeys, and no sutures were applied to close the wound. The healing after 4, 10, 20, 30, 90 and 180 days was morphometrically studied. Results: After 4 days of healing, a blood clot mainly occupied the extraction sockets, with the presence of an inflammatory cells' infiltrate. A void was confined in the central zones of the coronal and middle regions, in continuity with the entrance of the alveoli. At 10 days, the alveolus was occupied by a provisional matrix, with new bone formation lining the socket bony walls. At 20 days, the amount of woven bone was sensibly increasing. At 30 days, the alveolar socket was mainly occupied by mineralized immature bone at different stages of healing. At 90 and 180 days, the amount of mineralized bone decreased and substituted by trabecular bone and bone marrow. Bundle bone decreased from 95.5% at 4 days to 7.6% at 180 days, of the whole length of the inner alveolar surface. Conclusions: Modeling processes start from the lateral and apical walls of the alveolus, leading to the closure of the socket with newly formed bone within a month from extraction. Remodeling processes will follow the previous stages, resulting in trabecular and bone marrow formation and in a corticalization of the socket access. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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