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Ardabil, Iran

Ardabil University of Medical science , is a medical university in Ardabil Province of Iran. Located in north-west of Iran in the city of Ardabil, the university was established in 1993. It currently has 1549 students studying in 9 departments. The university administers all public hospitals in and around the city of Ardabil. The university is located near the beautiful lake of Shorabil. Ardebil medical school started at 1980.In 2013, Ardabil School of Pharmacy was established in the campus of the university. Wikipedia.

Banaei S.,Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
Indian Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2016

Objectives: Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) contributes to the development acute renal failure. Oxygen free radicals are involved in the pathophysiology of IR injury (IRI). This study was designed to investigate the effects of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), which is known antioxidant agent, in IR-induced renal injury in rats. Materials and Methods: Male Wistar albino rats were unilaterally nephrectomized and subjected to 45 min of renal pedicle occlusion followed by 24 h of reperfusion. 5-ASA (300 mg/kg, i.p) was administered prior to ischemia. After 24 h reperfusion, urine and blood samples were collected for the determination of creatinine (Cr) and nitric oxide (NO) levels, and renal samples were taken for the histological evaluation. Results: Treatment with 5-ASA significantly decreased serum Cr and NO levels, also significantly increased urinary Cr level and decreased histopathological changes induced by IR. Conclusion: Treatment with 5-ASA had a beneficial effect on renal IRI. These results may indicate that 5-ASA exerts nephroprotective effects in renal IRI. © 2016 Indian Journal of Pharmacology Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow. Source

Amirshahrokhi K.,Ardabil University of Medical Sciences | Ghazi-Khansari M.,Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Cytokine | Year: 2012

Thalidomide is an immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory agent and is used in autoimmune disorders. It has been shown that thalidomide inhibits proinflammatory cytokines production. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of thalidomide on the prevention of autoimmune diabetes in mice. Diabetes was induced by multiple low-dose of streptozotocin (MLDS) injection. Mice were treated with thalidomide (300. mg/kg/day orally) for 21. days. Plasma levels of glucose, insulin and nitrate/nitrite as well as pancreatic cytokine levels were measured. Pathological examinations of the pancreas revealed that thalidomide reduced the islet inflammation (insulitis) and destruction of beta cells. Thalidomide treatment prevented hyperglycemia and preserved pancreatic insulin secretion in the diabetic mice. Thalidomide treatment also significantly decreased plasma levels of nitric oxide and pancreatic proinflammatory cytokines [tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-12, IL-17 and interferon (IFN)-γ)] while increased anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10. In conclusion, these findings indicate that thalidomide may have a protective effect against the autoimmune destruction of the pancreatic beta-cells during the development of MLDS-induced type 1 diabetes in mice. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Yazdanbod A.,Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
Tropical gastroenterology : official journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation | Year: 2010

There are few reports from Iran about the epidemiology and clinical features of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In this study, we aimed to determine the epidemiologic profile and clinical features of ulcerative colitis (UC) in Northwest of Iran. This retrospective study covered the time period from 1998 to 2008 and included all patients of a private gasteroenterology clinic in the northwest of Iran, who had diagnosis of UC at the time of presentation or those whose diagnosis had been made later. In addition to description of epidemiology and clinical feature of disease, an attempt was made to identify factors associated with severity of disease. A total of 105 patients including 61 females (58.1%) were evaluated. Mean age of the patients was 33.5 +/- 13.1 years. The median time interval from initiation of symptoms to diagnosis was 9 months. The commonest presentation was proctosigmoiditis. (48.6%). Among extra-intestinal manifestations, sclerosing cholangitis had the highest frequency and was found in 2 (1.9%) patients. Among all evaluated variables, only family income (the higher the income the more severe the disease) and cigarette smoking (inverse association) were find to have significant association with severity of disease. A case profile of patients with ulcerative colitis from Northwest Iran suggests that the disease is seen most commonly in the third decade of life with a female preponderance. Family income and smoking influenced the course of ulcerative colitis in Iranian patients. Source

Sam R.,San Francisco General Hospital | Feizi I.,Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
American Journal of Nephrology | Year: 2012

Understanding hypernatremia is at times difficult for many clinicians. However, hypernatremia can often be deciphered easily with some basic understanding of water and sodium balance. Here, the basic pathophysiological abnormalities underlying the development of sodium disorders are reviewed, and case examples are given. Hypernatremia often arises in the hospital, especially in the intensive care units due to the combination of (1) not being able to drink water; (2) inability to concentrate the urine (most often from having kidney failure); (3) osmotic diuresis from having high serum urea concentrations, and (4) large urine or stool outputs. © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Amirshahrokhi K.,Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
International Immunopharmacology | Year: 2013

Thalidomide has been used in inflammatory and autoimmune disorders due to its anti-inflammatory activity. Paraquat (PQ) poisoning causes severe lung injury. PQ-induced pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis are due to its ability to induce oxidative stress, inflammatory and fibrotic reactions. This study was designed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic effect of thalidomide on PQ-induced lung damage in a mouse model. Mice were injected with a single dose of PQ (20 mg/kg, i.p.), and treated with thalidomide (25 and 50 mg/kg/day, i.p.) for six days. Lung tissues were dissected six days after PQ injection. The results showed that thalidomide ameliorated the biochemical and histological lung alterations induced by PQ. Thalidomide decreased production of inflammatory and fibrogenic cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1. In addition thalidomide reduced myeloperoxidase (MPO), nitric oxide (NO), and hydroxyproline content in lung tissue. Taken together, the results of this study suggest that thalidomide might be a valuable therapeutic drug in preventing the progression of PQ-induced pulmonary injury. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

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