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Kolkata, India

Barman D.,West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences | Chatterjee A.,West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences | Guha C.,West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences | Biswas U.,West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences | And 4 more authors.
Small Ruminant Research | Year: 2010

Goats maintained in farm/under rural condition by individual owners with definite history of vaccination were vaccinated with Freeze Dried Tissue Culture Goat Pox Vaccine and antibody titre was determined up to 1 year post-vaccination period. A few experimental goats were vaccinated and subsequently challenged with isolated virulent field virus and antibody titre of vaccinated animals observed at different intervals was compared with the antibody titre observed in the experimental goats. Post-vaccination serum neutralizing antibody titre was 1:32 at 1 year post-vaccination. All the vaccinated experimental goats withstood virulent field virus challenge on 21st day with serum neutralizing antibody titre of 1:16. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. Source

Srinivasu K.,ARD | Mukkanti K.,Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Anantapur
E-Journal of Chemistry | Year: 2011

A validated RP HPLC method for the estimation of atazanavir in capsule dosage form on YMC ODS 150 × 4.6 mm, 5 μ column using mobile phase composition of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate buffer (pH 2.5) with acetonitrile (55:45 v/v). Flow rate was maintained at 1.5 μL/min with 288 nm UV detection. The retention time obtained for atazanavir was at 4.7 min. The detector response was linear in the concentration range of 30 - 600 μg/mL. This method has been validated and shown to be specific, sensitive, precise, linear, accurate, rugged, robust and fast. Hence, this method can be applied for routine quality control of atazanavir in capsule dosage forms as well as in bulk drug. Source

Zahm J.-M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Zahm J.-M.,Reims University Hospital Center | Zahm J.-M.,University of Reims Champagne Ardenne | Milliot M.,ARD | And 7 more authors.
Matrix Biology | Year: 2011

The lubricating abilities and the protective functions of hyaluronan, a structural component of interstitial and connective tissues, were assessed in in vitro models of airway mucus transport and epithelial barrier. We found that hyaluronan enhanced the transport of airway mucus by cilia and by cough: the lower the hyaluronan molecular weight, the higher the increase. By immunofluorescence and western blot, we observed a significant dose-dependent (0.1, 1, 5 and 10. mg/ml) increase by low molecular weight hyaluronan (40. kDa) in the expression of tight junction proteins such as ZO-1, as well as an increase in the trans-epithelial resistance. Incubation of airway epithelial cells with hyaluronan 40. kDa also significantly increased the gap junction functionality. Finally, we demonstrated that hyaluronan 40. kDa protects the airway epithelium against injury induced by bacterial products during infection. These results demonstrate that the expression and functionality of intercellular adhesion molecules are increased by hyaluronan which can also act as a lubricant at the airway epithelium surface and suggest that hyaluronan may play a therapeutic role in a variety of respiratory diseases. © 2011 International Society of Matrix Biology. Source

Remond C.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Remond C.,University of Reims Champagne Ardenne | Aubry N.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Aubry N.,University of Reims Champagne Ardenne | And 12 more authors.
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2010

Soaking in aqueous ammonia (SSA) and/or xylanase pretreatments were developed on wheat straw. Both pretreatments were conducted at high-solids conditions: 15% and 20%, respectively, for SSA and xylanase pretreatments. SSA pretreament led to the solubilisation of 38%, 12% and 11% of acid insoluble lignin, xylan and glucan, respectively. In case of xylanase pretreatment, 20% of xylan were removed from native wheat straw. When pretreatments were applied consecutively (SSA and xylanase) on straw, 56% of xylans were hydrolysed and a rapid reduction of media viscosity occurred. The enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose with cellulases was evaluated from the different combinations of pretreated wheat straw. Cellulose hydrolysis was improved by 2.1, 2.2 and 2.9, respectively, for xylanase, SSA and SSA/xylanase pretreated straw. Xylans from untreated and pretreated wheat straws were also solubilised with cellulases. Chemical analysis of pretreated straw residues in connection with yields of cellulose hydrolysis highlighted the role of phenolic acids, acetyl content and cellulose crystallinity for cellulase efficiency. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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