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Berretta M.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Zanet E.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Zanet E.,University of Catania | Nasti G.,Istituto Nazionale per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori Fondazione Pascale | And 12 more authors.
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics | Year: 2012

Elderly patients constitute a subpopulation with special clinical features that differ from those of the general population and are under-represented in clinical trials. We retrospectively analyzed the toxicity and efficacy of oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy in the treatment of elderly patients affected by metastatic (m) CRC. Seventy-five consecutive patients aged 65-75 years (median age 71 years), 51 males and 24 females, with mCRC and measurable disease, were analyzed. The primary site of metastases was the liver (38.6% of patients). The majority of patients had a performance status (PS) according to the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) PS before treatment of 0-1 (96%). The overall response rate was 57.3%, median progression-free survival was 7 months and median overall survival was 27 months. The main hematological and extra-hematological toxicities (grade 3 or 4) were neutropenia (20.0%), and neurological toxicity or diarrhea (6.7%), respectively. No toxic death occurred. Oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy maintains its efficacy, and safety in elderly patients with mCRC and good PS. This regimen should be considered in the treatment of this particular setting of patients. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source


Stefanelli A.,Arcispedale nna Universitary Hospital | Pascale G.,Arcispedale nna Universitary Hospital | Rainieri E.,Arcispedale nna Universitary Hospital | Ursino S.,Arcispedale nna Universitary Hospital | And 4 more authors.
European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences | Year: 2012

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of rectal suppository of hyaluronic acid to limit symptoms of acute radiation proctitis in patients with prostate cancer (PC). Materials and Methods: From January 2011 to October 2011, 50 consecutive patients, undergoing radiotherapy with radical or adjuvant intent for PC, were invited to use rectal suppository of hyaluronic acid (HA: Cicatridina® suppository, Farma-Derma s.r.l., Sala Bolognese, BO, Italy) daily, before radiation delivering. An historical group was used as an external control. Acute rectal toxicity was scored weekly according to RTOG criteria. Time to occurrence of acute rectal toxicity was taken as endpoint. Results: Compliance was good. Only 2% of HA treated patients had a G2 acute proctitis versus 7% of historical group, globally a difference was observed in rate of acute proctitis between the experimental arm and the control group: 32% in experimental arm versus 45% in control group (p = 0.08). A delay in the onset of acute rectal toxicity in patients treated with HA (p = 0.04) was showed. Conclusions: Our findings suggested the role of HA in reducing acute proctitis in prostate cancer patients treated with radiotherapy. Further trials are needed to confirm these results. Source


Fiorica F.,Arcispedale nna Universitary Hospital | Berretta M.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Colosimo C.,Arcispedale nna Universitary Hospital | Berretta S.,University of Catania | And 11 more authors.
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics | Year: 2010

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and the activity of radiotherapy treatment in patients aged ≥75 with prostate cancer (PC). From January 2000 to December 2007, 107 consecutive patients aged ≥75 years received radiotherapy with radical intent for PC. Eighty-one patients received radiotherapy in combination with a 6 months androgen suppression therapy. Variables considered were age, stage, co-morbidities according to the adult co-morbidity evaluation index (ACE-27) and performance status (PS). The median age was 79.1 years (range 76-87). The 23.4% of patients showed no co-morbidities, while the 46.7% had mild, 23.4% moderate, and 6.5% severe co-morbidities, respectively. All patients completed the planned radiation treatment. At a median follow-up of 37.8 months, the 5-year overall survival rate was 78%. There was a better survival for patients with no or mild co-morbidities (p<. 0.0001) and a good PS (p= 0.009). The actuarial disease-free survival at 60 months was 75.8%. Difference in acute and late toxicity rate was detected between ACE-27 classes for diarrhea and marginally for urinary toxicity, but no difference was detected for different age. We conclude that compliance with radiotherapy is good and rate of toxicity is acceptable in elderly patients. Increasing severity of co-morbidity may sufficiently shorten remaining life expectancy to cancel gains with radical radiotherapy. Further prospective trials are needed to confirm these results. © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source


Fiorica F.,Arcispedale nna Universitary Hospital | Fiorica F.,University of Catania | Berretta M.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Colosimo C.,Arcispedale nna Universitary Hospital | And 11 more authors.
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics | Year: 2010

The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of radiotherapy plus concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide (TMZ), in terms of feasibility and activity, in elderly patients with glioblastoma. From January 2002 to December 2007, 42 consecutive patients with glioblastoma (27 men and 15 women) aged 65 years or more (median age 71.3 years), received radiotherapy plus concomitant and adjuvant TMZ. Nineteen patients (45.2%) had a Karnofsky index ≥80. Thirty-six patients (85.8%) underwent complete or subtotal resection, while 6 patients (14.2%) were only biopsied. All patients received adjuvant radiotherapy within 4 weeks from surgery. Twenty-two patients (54.8%) underwent adjuvant TMZ. Early discontinuation of concomitant TMZ program due to toxicity was observed in 8 patients. Considered variables were: age, Karnofsky index, surgery versus no surgery, radiation dose, and chemotherapy. At a median follow-up of 10.2 months, the 6- and 12-month overall survival rates were 81.9% and 27.8%, respectively. There was a significantly better survival for patients with a performance status according to Karnofsky >80 (p<0.0001). Actuarial progression-free survival at 6- and 12-month was 46.4% and 9.8%, respectively. Globally, the treatment was well tolerated with no treatment-related toxicity in 69% of patients. In conclusion, in elderly patients, the adjuvant chemo-radiotherapy was well tolerated with an acceptable rate of toxicity, and patients with a good performance status had a significantly better survival. However, further prospective trials are needed to confirm these results. © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source


Stefanelli A.,Arcispedale nna Universitary Hospital | Forte L.,Arcispedale nna Universitary Hospital | Medoro S.,Arcispedale nna Universitary Hospital | Sgualdo A.,Arcispedale nna Universitary Hospital | And 9 more authors.
Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia | Year: 2014

Aim. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of a topical phytotherapic product (Capilen® cream) to limit acute radiodermitis and delay the use of corticosteroids in patients with breast cancer (BC). Methods. From January 2012 to August 2012, 30 consecutive patients, undergoing radiotherapy with adjuvant intent, were invited to use Capilen® cream two times daily two weeks before and during radiotherapy. An historical group was used as an external control. Acute skin toxicity was scored weekly according to RTOG/EORTC criteria. Time of occurrence of acute skin toxicity was taken as endpoint. Results. Compliance was good. Overall, no significative statistical difference was observed in rate of acute radiation dermatitis, 46.7% in experimental arm versus 63.3% in the historical control group, although only 3.3% of Capilen® cream treated patients had a G3 acute radiation dermatitis versus 10% of the control group. A delay in the onset of radition dermatitis in patients treated with Capilen® cream (P=0.04) was showed. Conclusion. Our findings suggested that Capilen® cream plays a role in reducing acute radiation dermatitis in breast cancer patients treated with adjuvant radiotherapy. Further evidence is needed to confirm these results. Source

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