ARASCO for Feed

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

ARASCO for Feed

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Abudabos A.M.,King Saud University | Alyemni A.H.,ARASCO for Feed | Dafalla Y.M.,National Feed Company | Al-Owaimer A.N.,King Saud University
Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences | Year: 2017

There is a growing concern over the use of antimicrobial drugs in poultry feed due to the risk of potential resistance of pathogens and the accumulation of antibiotic residues in meat. The present study was designed to compare the effect of an antibiotic, an organic acid and a probiotic on performance traits, blood biochemical parameters, ileal histology and antioxidant status in broilers during finishing phase exposed to Clostridium perfringens challenge. A total of 480 day-old broiler chicks (Ross 308) was randomly allocated to six treatments with eight replicates as follows: control (basal diet); T1: infected with Clostridium perfringens; T2: infected + Avilamycin at the rate of 0.2 g/kg; T3: infected + organic acid blend; T4: infected + consisting of a probiotic, Bacillus subtilis; and T5: infected + organic acid + probiotic. Results showed that body weight and feed conversion ratio (FCR) increased significantly (P<0.05) in T4 and T1 during fourth and third week, respectively. Further, results revealed that blood globulin and total protein decreased significantly (P <0.05) in birds in T1, while albumin increased significantly (P <0.05) in T1 and T2 during the third week. During the fourth week albumin, protein and glucose concentration increased significantly (P <0.05) in T5. Villus height increased significantly in T4 with no significant change (P >0.05) in plasma thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBAR) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC). From the results, we concluded that probiotic and organic acid could be successfully used as antibiotic to sustain growth and biochemical profile in broilers challenged with C. perfringens. © 2017, Pakistan Agricultural Scientists Forum. All rights reserved.


Abudabos A.M.,King Saud University | Alyemni A.H.,ARASCO for Feed | Dafalla Y.M.,National Feed Company | Khan R.U.,University of Agriculture, Peshawar
Journal of Applied Animal Research | Year: 2016

The present study was designed to find the effect of an antibiotic, an organic acid and a probiotic on performance traits, blood biochemical parameters and antioxidant status during the starter phase exposed to Salmonella typhimurium challenge. A total of 300 day-old broiler chicks were randomly allocated to control (basal diet), T1: infected with Salmonella enteric subsp. Typhimurium; T2: infected + avilamycin; T3: infected + organic acid; T4: infected + Bacillus subtilis; T5: infected + organic acid + probiotic. The results showed that body weight, feed conversion ratio and production efficiency factor did not differ (P > .05) between the control and treated groups. Blood albumin and aspartate aminotransferase increased significantly (P < .05) in birds in T5 during the first week. Similarly, total protein and triglyceride concentration increased significantly (P < .05) in T4 and T5. The total antioxidant capacity in the second week decreased significantly in T4 compared to the control. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances during the first and second weeks did not differ significantly (P > .05) between the control and treated groups. We concluded that the effect of organic acid blend and B. subtilis was similar to that of the antibiotic in broilers during the starter phase exposed to S. typhimurium challenge. © 2016 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group


Abudabos A.M.,King Saud University | Alyemni A.H.,ARASCO for Feed | Dafalla Y.M.,National Feed Company | Khan R.U.,King Saud University | Khan R.U.,University of Agriculture, Peshawar
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2016

There is a growing concern over the use of antibiotics due to the increased resistance of pathogens in broiler. The present study was designed to find the comparative effect of an antibiotic, and some phytogenic on performance traits, blood biochemical parameters, and antioxidant status during starter phase exposed to Salmonella typhimurium challenge. A total of 560-day-old broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly allocated to seven treatments (eight replicates). Control (basal diet); T1, infected with Salmonellaenterica subsp. typhimurium; T2, infected + avilamycin at the rate of 0.2 g/kg; T3, infected + essential oil of thymol; T4, infected + phytogenic; T5, infected + anti-Salmonella organic acid; and T6, infected + essential oils of thyme, anise, and other components. Body weight gain and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were significantly (P < 0.05) high in the T2 and T5 at the end of the first and the second week and similar to T4. During the second week, European production efficiency factor (EPEF) was also significantly (P < 0.05) high in T2, T4 and T5. Blood albumin increased significantly (P < 0.05) in birds of T2 in the first week, while during the second week, blood glucose and triglyceride concentration decreased significantly (P < 0.05) in T5. Blood ALT concentration decreased significantly (P < 0.05) in T6 compared to other treatments in the second week. Total antioxidant capacity (at the end of the second week) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) did not change significantly. From the results of the present study, it was concluded that different feed additives could be substituted with antibiotics in the feed of broiler exposed to S. typhimurium challenge. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg


PubMed | ARASCO for Feed, National Feed Company and King Saud University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Environmental science and pollution research international | Year: 2016

There is a growing concern over the use of antibiotics due to the increased resistance of pathogens in broiler. The present study was designed to find the comparative effect of an antibiotic, and some phytogenic on performance traits, blood biochemical parameters, and antioxidant status during starter phase exposed to Salmonella typhimurium challenge. A total of 560-day-old broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly allocated to seven treatments (eight replicates). Control (basal diet); T1, infected with Salmonella enterica subsp. typhimurium; T2, infected + avilamycin at the rate of 0.2g/kg; T3, infected + essential oil of thymol; T4, infected + phytogenic; T5, infected + anti-Salmonellaorganic acid; and T6, infected + essential oils of thyme, anise, and other components. Body weight gain and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were significantly (P<0.05) high in the T2 and T5 at the end of the first and the second weekand similar to T4. During the second week, European production efficiency factor (EPEF) was also significantly (P<0.05) high in T2, T4 and T5. Blood albumin increased significantly (P<0.05) in birds of T2 in the first week, while during the second week, blood glucose and triglyceride concentration decreased significantly (P<0.05) in T5. Blood ALT concentration decreased significantly (P<0.05) in T6 compared to other treatments in the second week. Total antioxidant capacity (at the end of the second week) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) did not change significantly. From the results of the present study, it was concluded that different feed additives could be substituted with antibiotics in the feed of broiler exposed to S. typhimurium challenge.


Abudabos A.M.,King Saud University | Alyemni A.H.,ARASCO for Feed | Zakaria H.A.H.,University of Jordan
Revista Brasileira de Ciencia Avicola | Year: 2016

The present study aimed at evaluating the effect of two strains of probiotics (Bacillus subtilis PB6 and Bacillus Cereus var. toyoi) on selected indicators of the antioxidant status and immune responses of broilers before and after challenge with Salmonella enterica subsp. Typhimurium (S. typhimurium). Birds were distributed into the following five treatments: negative control (CTL−); negative control+S. typhimurium (CTL+); antibiotic+S. typhimurium, (AB); Toyocerin®+S. typhimurium (TOYO); and CloSTAT™ + S. typhimurium (CLOS). Birds in all treatments, except for CTL−, were orally challenged with 3 × 109 CFUS. typhimurium at 16 days of age. The results showed that total antioxidant capacity (TAC), superoxide dismutase activity (SOD), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) values were similar among all groups. The antibody titers against S. typhimurium and Newcastle disease (ND) were not affected by the treatments (p>0.05). However, S. typhimurium and ND titers were influenced by the interaction between week and treatment (p<0.01, p<0.05, respectively) and by week (p<0.001, p<0.001, respectively). In conclusion, S. typhimurium challenge had an impact on anti-Salmonella and NC titers. Both probiotics did not affect the broilers’ antioxidant capacity. © 2016, Fundacao APINCO de Ciencia e Tecnologia Avicolas. All rights reserved.


Abudabos A.M.,King Saud University | Alyemni A.H.,ARASCO for Feed | AlMarshad M.B.A.,ARASCO for Feed
International Journal of Agriculture and Biology | Year: 2013

The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of a commercial Bacillus subtilis PB6 based-probiotic, CloSTATTM, as an alternative to in-feed antibiotic, Enramycine, on growth parameters, intestinal morphology and ileal bacterial count of broilers during pre- and post-challenge with Clostridium Perfringens (C. perfringens) challenge. One hundred, 0-d- old Ross 308 male broilers were allocated in four experimental treatments for 30 days. The experimental treatments received a corn-soybean basal diet and were as follows: T1 = positive control (+CON): unmediated diet, unchallenged birds; T2 = negative control (-CON): unmediated diet, challenged birds; T3 = mediated diet with Enramycin, challenged birds (ENRA); and T4 = mediated diet with probiotic CloSTATTM, challenged birds (CS). Chicks in treatment 2 to 4 were challenged with C. perfringens on d 18. Five birds per treatment were sampled at 16 and 30 d of age for morphometric measurements of the small intestine and ileal bacterial count. Overall, feed intake (FI), body weight gain (BWG) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were not significantly different among the four treatments (P>0.05). On the other hand, CS supplementation caused some changes in the intestinal mucosa morphometrics, birds, which had received CS had longer jejunal and ileal villi as compared to other treatments (P<0.05). There was a significant (P<0.05) reduction in ileal C. perfringens count due to CS supplementation. The results from this study indicated that CS under the condition of this trail had a positive influence on broilers performance. © 2013 Friends Science Publishers.


Al-Owaimer A.N.,King Saud University | Suliman G.M.,King Saud University | Alyemni A.H.,ARASCO for Feed | Abudabos A.M.,King Saud University
Italian Journal of Animal Science | Year: 2014

The current study was performed to investigate the influence of probiotics or antibiotic on breast quality characteristics of broiler chickens that were subjected to Salmonella challenge. Two hundred, one-day-old Cobb 500 chicks were allocated in five experimental treatments for 42 d. Ten cages of birds received one of the following treatments: T1=positive control (+CONT), unsupplemented, unchallenged; T2=negative control (-CONT), unsupplemented, challenged; T3=supplemented with antibiotic neoxyval (NEOX), challenged; T4=supplemented with probiotic Toyocerin (TOYO), challenged; and T5=supplemented with probiotic CloSTAT™ (CLOS), challenged. Birds in treatments T2 to T5 were challenged with 3×109 CFU/mL of Salmonella enterica subsp. typhimurium on day 16. Nine birds per treatment were sampled at the end of the trial for breast characteristics. Overall, pH and temperature values of the breast muscle were similar among all groups tested. Cooking loss results indicated that breasts from T3 birds had the highest degree of shrinkage upon cooking while those of the probiotic group had similar control values (P<0.0001). Probiotic supplementation reduced the extent of destruction of myofibrils caused by homogenisation (P<0.0001). Warner-Bratzler shear test and texture profile analysis showed that neither treatments nor Salmonella challenge had any negative impact on texture or sensory attributes of chicken breast. In conclusion, results show that breast characteristics were better when probiotics were supplemented in the diets. © A.N. Al-Owaimer et al., 2014 Licensee PAGEPress, Italy.


Abudabos A.M.,King Saud University | Alyemni A.H.,ARASCO for Feed
Italian Journal of Animal Science | Year: 2013

The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of a commercial essential oil blend (EO), CRINA® Poultry (CRP), as an alternative to in-feed antibiotic, enramycine®, on growth parameters of broilers during pre- and post-challenge with Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens). The birds received treatments from 0 to 30 days as follows: T1, positive control (+CONT): without medication or bacterial challenge; T2, negative control (-CONT): without medication but with C. perfringens challenge; T3, antibiotic with addition of enramycin with C. perfringens challenge (ENRA); and T4, with addition of CRINA® Poultry to feed with C. perfringens challenge (CRP). Overall, feed intake (FI), body weight gain (BWG) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) was not significantly different among the four treatments (P>0.05). On the other hand, EO supplementation caused some changes in the gut morphology, birds which had received CRP had longer ileal villi as compared to +CONT orENRA groups (P<0.05). The performance of the birds which had consumed CRP was similar to all other treatments. On the other hand, the results obtained from this trail clearly showed that CRP supplementation failed to control the proliferation of C. perfringens in the intestine. The results from this study indicated that CRP under the condition of this experiment had no influence on broilers performance but it had a positive effect on gut morphology. © A.M. Abudabos and A.H. Alyemni, 2013.


Abudabos A.M.,King Saud University | Suliman G.M.,King Saud University | Alyemni A.H.,ARASCO for Feed | Al-Owaimer A.N.,King Saud University
Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment | Year: 2014

An experiment with 280 broiler chickens was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary organic acids on breast quality characteristics of broiler chickens that were subjected to Salmonella challenge. Ten cages of birds received one of the following seven treatments for 42 days: T1 = control group, un-medicated diet, unchallenged birds, (+ve cont); T2 = un-medicated diet + bacterial challenge (-ve cont); T3 = medicated diet with neoxyval (0.05 g/kg diet) + bacterial challenge (NEOX); T4 = Gallimix (1 g/kg diet) + bacterial challenge (GALI); T5 = FormaXOL (1 g/kg diet) + bacterial challenge (FORMA); T6 = Fysal (2.5 g/kg feed) + bacterial challenge; and T7 = Selko-pH (1 ml/kg drinking water) + bacterial challenge (SELK). Birds were challenged with 3 ×109 CFU/ml of Salmonella enterica sub sp. typhimurium on day 16. Nine birds per treatment were sampled at the end of the trial for breast characteristics. Overall, the pH and colour values of the breast muscle were similar among all groups tested. The cooking loss results indicated that breasts from birds received the antibiotic (NEOX) had the highest degree of shrinkage upon cooking while those received the FORMA had the lowest degree (P<0.001). Organic acid supplementation reduced the extent of destruction of myofibrils (MFI) caused by homogenization (P<0.001). Warner-Bratzler shear test and texture profile analysis showed that neither treatments nor the challenge had any negative impacts on texture or sensory attributes of chicken breast. According to the results, it can be concluded that the breast characteristics were better when organic acids were supplemented in the diets.


Abudabos A.M.,King Saud University | Al-Mufarrej S.I.,King Saud University | Alyemni A.H.,ARASCO for Feed | Yehia H.M.,King Saud University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment | Year: 2014

The present experiment examined the influence of three commercial organic acids, as an alternative to in-feed antibiotic, neoxyval, on broiler's performance during pre- and post-challenge with Salmonella enterica subsp. typhimurium. Ten cages of birds received one of the following treatments: T1 = Control group, unmedicated, no bacterial challenge (+CONT); T2 = Negative control, unmedicated, challenged (-CONT); T3 = Medicated with antibiotic (neoxyval), challenged (NEOX); T4 = Supplemented with Gallimix, challenged (GALI); T5 = Supplemented with FormaXOL, challenged (FORMA); and T6 = Supplemented with Fysal, challenged (FYS). Chicks in treatments T2 to T6 were challenged with (3 ×109 cfu/ml) of Salmonella enterica subsp. typhimurium on day 16. The results revealed that unchallenged bird (CONT) consumed more feed as compared to other treatments (P<0.001). Furthermore, birds which had received NEOX, GALI, FORMA or FYS converted, feed more efficiently as compared to those which had received the negative control. This was an indication that organic acids used in this trial were able to restore the performance equally to the antibiotic (NEOX). The three organic acids were efficacious at reducing the Salmonella in ileum; however, FORMA and FYS eliminated the Salmonella totally from the ileum. Villus height but not the width was influenced by treatment (P<0.01). In summary, the organic acids, which were used in this trial, reduced the Salmonella count and improved the morphology of the ileum as a result the cumulative FCR improved. The tested organic acids had a positive influence on the performance of broiler chickens, and could serve as a substitute to antibiotics.

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