Abd Rashed A.,Institute for Medical Research |
Md Noh M.F.,Institute for Medical Research |
Khalid N.M.,Institute for Medical Research |
Ab Rahman N.I.,Jalan Sultan |
And 5 more authors.
Sains Malaysiana | Year: 2017
Mayonnaise and salad dressing are fast becoming popular condiments for Malaysian. The aim of this study was to obtain the nutritional composition of mayonnaise and salad dressing commercially available in the Malaysian market. The data will be used to update the Malaysian Food Composition Database which was last updated in 1997. A total of six brands from each type of mayonnaise and salad dressing were sampled from local supermarkets in the Klang Valley and analysed using standard methods. The validity of test data was monitored with the application of internal quality controls in line with the requirements of ISO 17025. The energy contents of mayonnaise and salad dressings were up to 626.40 kcal/100 g. Our findings were also in agreement with the energy labelling on the packaging. Sodium was high in mayonnaise and salad dressing because it is used in the final mixture of both condiments to improve their characteristics for certain reasons. Mayonnaise and salad dressing have been identified as potent sources of Vitamin A and Vitamin E and both condiments were found to contain high levels of these antioxidants. It can be concluded that this study are useful not only in providing information on the nutritional content of several commercial types of mayonnaise and salad dressing, but also in improving the public understanding of healthy food choices.
PubMed | c Kimirina, f ARCAD SIDA, University of Lyon, d ALCS and 4 more.
Type: | Journal: AIDS care | Year: 2016
The sexuality of people living with HIV (PLHIV) is a key issue in the fight against HIV, as it influences both the dynamic of the epidemic and the quality of life of PLHIV. The present study examined the factors associated with cessation of sexual relations after HIV diagnosis among men and women in five countries: Mali, Morocco, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Romania and Ecuador. A community-based cross-sectional study was implemented by a mixed consortium [researchers/community-based organizations (CBO)]. Trained CBO members interviewed 1500 PLHIV in contact with CBOs using a 125-item questionnaire. A weighted multivariate logistic regression and a separate gender analysis were performed. Among the 1413 participants, 471 (33%) declared that they stopped having sexual relations after their HIV diagnosis, including 318 women (42%) and 153 men (23%) (p<.001). Concerning women, variables associated with the cessation of sexual relations in the final multivariate model were mainly related with relational factors and the possibility of getting social support (e.g., needing help to disclose HIV serostatus, feeling lonely every day, not finding support in CBOs, not being in a couple). Mens sexual activity was more associated with their representations and their perception of the infection (e.g., thinking they will have their HIV infection for the rest of their life, perceiving the HIV infection as a mystery, perceiving the infection as serious). Furthermore, the following variables were associated with both men and women sexual behaviours: being older, having suffered from serious social consequences after serostatus disclosure and not being able to regularly discuss about HIV with their steady partner. Results suggested clear differences between men and women regarding cessation of sexual relations and highlighted the importance of implementing gender-based tailored interventions that promote safe and satisfying sexuality, as it is known to have a positive impact on the overall well-being of PLHIV.
Lazar F.,University of Bucharest |
Verdes L.,Aras Inc |
Henry E.,Coalition PLUS |
Fugon L.,Coalition PLUS |
And 4 more authors.
AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV | Year: 2014
The present study aimed to identify social and individual factors associated with satisfaction with sexual life (SSL) in people living with HIV (PLHIV) in contact with a community-based organisation in Romania. A standardised questionnaire was administered (N = 300) in a community-based research study. Multivariate analysis (using a weighted logistic regression restricted to the 291 respondents who answered a question about SSL) was used to determine factors associated with SSL. Sixty-eight per cent of the participants declared that they were satisfied with their sexual life. The following individual factors were associated with SSL: being over 36 years old (Odds Ratio [95% CI]: 0.27 [0.13-0.55]), having ceased sexual intercourse because of HIV (0.33 [0.14-0.76]), not knowing how infection had occurred (0.29 [0.15-0.59]), being officially registered with a level of disability lower than "severe" (0.47 [0.23-0.98]) and having a higher self-efficacy score (1.36 [1.14-1.61]). Living in a couple (7.60 [3.69-15.66]), knowing at least one HIV-infected person who had publicly disclosed his/her seropositivity (2.23 [1.03-4.84]), and having a higher social exclusion score (0.91 [0.82-1]) were social factors associated with SSL. The results suggest that HIV service providers must be sensitised to the necessity of systematically including the topic of PLHIV SSL in field interventions. Self-empowerment, positive examples of public disclosure, promoting the benefits of living in a couple, and supporting social integration can all improve the well-being of PLHIV, including their SSL. © 2014 Taylor and Francis.
Bernier A.,Coalition Internationale Sida |
Lefevre M.,Coalition Internationale Sida |
Henry E.,Coalition Internationale Sida |
Verdes L.,Aras Inc |
And 6 more authors.
AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV | Year: 2016
sexuality of people living with HIV (PLHIV) is a key issue in the fight against HIV, as it influences both the dynamic of the epidemic and the quality of life of PLHIV. The present study examined the factors associated with cessation of sexual relations after HIV diagnosis among men and women in five countries: Mali, Morocco, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Romania and Ecuador. A community-based cross-sectional study was implemented by a mixed consortium [researchers/community-based organizations (CBO)]. Trained CBO members interviewed 1500 PLHIV in contact with CBOs using a 125-item questionnaire. A weighted multivariate logistic regression and a separate gender analysis were performed. Among the 1413 participants, 471 (33%) declared that they stopped having sexual relations after their HIV diagnosis, including 318 women (42%) and 153 men (23%) (p <.001). Concerning women, variables associated with the cessation of sexual relations in the final multivariate model were mainly related with relational factors and the possibility of getting social support (e.g., needing help to disclose HIV serostatus, feeling lonely every day, not finding support in CBOs, not being in a couple). Men's sexual activity was more associated with their representations and their perception of the infection (e.g., thinking they will have their HIV infection for the rest of their life, perceiving the HIV infection as a mystery, perceiving the infection as serious). Furthermore, the following variables were associated with both men and women sexual behaviours: being older, having suffered from serious social consequences after serostatus disclosure and not being able to regularly discuss about HIV with their steady partner. Results suggested clear differences between men and women regarding cessation of sexual relations and highlighted the importance of implementing gender-based tailored interventions that promote safe and satisfying sexuality, as it is known to have a positive impact on the overall well-being of PLHIV. © 2016 The Author(s).
Aras Inc | Date: 2011-01-05
This application invention comprises a TV broadcast system, which using multiplexed and duplex, communication and verification methods, directs and controls from a central continuity studio (I), one or more remote stand alone TV transmitters (IV) to change and/or modify the content of their local broadcast material, Thus it is possible to direct the local broadcast to switch between the general broadcast program or a previously stored (at the remote site) live video. Moreover it is possible to superimpose on the video being broadcast, alphanumeric character and/or image data, which are also previously stored at the remote site (IV).
Aras Inc | Entity website
Aras Innovator Demo Series: Mutli-Lingual & Localization See how Aras features a unique, highly advanced approach to Internationalization and localization. Using the model-based SOA framework an unlimited number of user languages are simultaneously supported by a single system running one application server ...
Aras Inc | Entity website
Projects | Overview Welcome to the Aras Project Site. If you're a regular visitor, you may notice that we've made a few changes ...
News Article | August 4, 2011
Andover, MA.—June 30, 2011—Aras, a provider of enterprise open source Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) software solutions, announced download availability of the latest release of the Aras Innovator PLM platform and solution suite. The release includes a wide range of corporate contributions and enhancements for large-scale global PLM deployments where secure collaboration and federated integration are important. Enterprise production-ready PLM software download with unlimited user access is available at: http://www.aras.com/downloads The release incorporates a broad series of new innovations that include numerous contributions from Xerox, Textron, ITT Defense, Lear Corp., Xyratex, Carestream Health, ECCO, Freudenberg, Spartan Chassis, DIEHL Metering HYDROMETER, and other corporate community members. Direct influence over the roadmap and the ability to drive the direction of the PLM platform and solutions represent a significant advantage that global companies achieve with Aras. The latest open release introduces new out-of-the-box functional enhancements, features and capabilities including: Standard CAD Integration Platform: Ideally suited for global companies that operate a large scale multi-CAD environment, the new standard CAD integration platform includes a common data model, open APIs and business logic for CAD connectors including CATIA, NX, Creo & Pro/ENGINEER, SolidWorks, Solid Edge, Inventor, AutoCAD and more, as well as, EDA systems such as Allegro, OrCAD, DxDesigner / DxDatabook, PADS, Expedition, Altium, Zuken CR-5000 and others. Parallel asynchronous streaming technology moves sets of files across the WAN significantly faster than previously possible with other PLM systems. High performance multi-file check-out is for large file sets such as the MCAD assemblies, EDA designs and simulation files generated in Aerospace & Defense, Shipbuilding, Automotive, Industrial Equipment and High Tech Electronics. Collaboration teams can be defined on-the-fly for any item or group of items in the system such as a Bill of Materials Configuration and its related MCAD, EDA and software / firmware files, or a Technical Data Package for a supplier, or a Failure Mode & Effects Analysis (FMEA) for new product risk management. Extended enterprise collaboration is secure and easy because specific permissions, access rights, workflow assignments and more are all determined by team membership. “This open release brings together a number of significant contributions from companies around the world, and it demonstrates how corporate participation drives the Aras roadmap,” said Peter Schroer, President of Aras. “The rate that capabilities are being introduced to the Aras Innovator platform establishes a new standard for the global PLM market and the pace of our advancement continues to accelerate.”
News Article | August 4, 2011
Aras Corporation is a vendor of enterprise open source PLM software. It is built on the Microsoft technology stack and is generally one of the first software companies to achieve Gold status whenever Microsoft updates its enterprise stack. Aras major customers include Motorola, Rolls-Royce, Xerox, Freudenberg, Lockheed Martin, Ingersoll Rand, Klockner Desma, Hi-P and ACCO Brands. All of these companies acquired their thousands of seats of Aras Innovator Suite without paying Aras a dime; they downloaded it for free directly from the Aras website. [At this point the reader interrupts to ask a question.] Reader: If all those companies didn’t pay for their software, how does Aras make any money? Wikitonary says monetization is “the conversion of something into money, the act of monetizing.” All software companies convert their labors and intellectual property into money—they monetize their labors. But there is a key difference between how traditional, commercial software vendors make money and how open source software vendors like Aras make money. First, a note about terminology. I was tempted to refer to non-open source PLM companies as “proprietary.” But that’s a loaded word in regards to interoperability and industry standards for data reuse. So, in this article all PLM companies except Aras are referred to as “commercial” not “proprietary.” Let’s set the record straight: Aras does have customers and Aras is making money. As Aras CEO Peter Schroer told me about a year after switching from being a small struggling commercial PLM vendor to a fast-growing open source PLM vendor, “Not having to pay sales people made us profitable for the first time in eight years.” What’s more, Aras customers really like working with their PLM “vendor.” In May Motorola hosted the first-ever Aras customer conference at the Motorola Innovation Center in Schaumburg, Illinois. Xerox recently posted a video explaining how they’ve made Aras Innovator the center of their product development process. Schroer says the install rate onto servers for downloaded copies of Aras Innovator is steadily climbing, and is now at 30% of downloads. “This is unusually high for open source” says Schroer. Recently India’s Tejas Networks, a fast-growing network products vendor, shut off its installation of MatrixOne (from Dassault Systemes ENOVIA) and installed Aras Innovator without any contact with Aras. Schroer says 5% of companies which install Aras Innovator (their PLM suite) eventually spend money with Aras on support. And, on that 5% of installed products, Aras says its revenue is growing at 60% per year. Aras Versus the Competition When you compare Aras to its competition in PLM, the contrast is huge. In one category we have Siemens, Oracle, and SAP, multi-billion dollar companies where PLM is a small part of their business. Then we have the big specialists: Dassault Systemes, PTC, and Autodesk (which does not like to be called a PLM company, but that’s their problem). Their revenues can be measured in the hundreds of millions or billions of dollars. Then there are a variety of smaller specialist firms, including PLM Plus, Arena Solutions, Synergis, and Aras. (For the sake of simplification, we are excluding PLM firms that are primarily about CAD and geometry, but more about data management.) These are firms whose revenue can be counted in millions or at best tens of millions. Among them, Aras stands alone as a open source PLM vendor. The Commercial PLM Conversation To understand how Aras can compete and survive as an open source software company, we must correctly identify the nature of their business, and correctly compare it to the business of being a commercial PLM vendor. To put it in economic terms, we must compare where the buyer allocates resources in order to achieve the result of efficient Product Lifecycle Management. A purchase with a commercial PLM vendor is like a conversation: Manufacturer: You have nice PLM technology. May I have some? Vendor: Yes, we will share it with you, as long as you pay for it on a continuing basis. Commercial PLM firms don’t sell software, they sell permission to use a system. The formula is: This system, this coupling of intellectual property (IP) with services, is the product, not merely the code you download. You give them money, they give you permission to use their PLM system. Conventional wisdom says only a whole product can succeed in the larger marketplace of mainstream adopters and enterprise vendors. When a manufacturer allocates resources (money) to a PLM vendor, it is buying a partner in product development. Your partner brings the PLM IP, you bring the engineering and manufacturing; together you make a product. To put a point on it, in the world of commercial PLM, the unit of competition—and thus the point of monetization—is the software company, not the software product. The vendor is the authority, and you pay to benefit from that authority. I can guess what you might be thinking at this point. We are all conditioned to the idea that we pay for software and services. Mostly we think the money is for software and the vendor throws in—or gives us a good deal on—the extra stuff. But the real point of competition is between companies, not products. The Open Source PLM Conversation Commercial PLM vendors sell their authority and access to their IP as a unit. The Open Source PLM vendor decouples authority and intellectual property. Aras gives away the IP and sells the authority separately in the form of product support. Or, if you don’t like their version of authority, allocate resources internally and develop your own authority as you dig into the free software Aras gave you. Open source software changes the monetization point, by removing authority over intellectual property (IP) from the economic equation. Money is not spent to acquire PLM, but to deploy it and enhance it. The open source PLM conversation starts with the same question as the commercial PLM conversation, but the answer is different: Manufacturer: You have nice PLM technology. May I have some? Vendor: Yes, download as many copies as you would like. It is all free. If you want help with it, come back and ask us, or talk to others who are also using the software. When you compare the traditional model to Open Source, that thing psychologists call cognitive dissonance sets in. “That’s crazy! You can’t give away the software!” The free market model—where competition is measured in profit—is familiar and comfortable. If Aras doesn’t get any profit from its software, how the heck does it stay in business? Aras stays in business because it is not driven to achieve by a marketplace measurement—the size of its profit. Aras is driven by a social measurement—the size of its user community. Profits are the by-product of having a large user community. It grows its user community by playing nice and sharing its toys freely. Many in the user community are only too happy to pay Aras to customize their installation or train their employees. Feed the Software, Not the Vendor Every time a manufacturing company switches to Aras, about $100,000 of maintenance revenue is removed from the PLM market, according to Schroer. “We are shrinking the spend and expanding the PLM user share.” The $100,000 of lost revenue to other PLM companies may sound like a pittance to the likes of PTC, Dassault, and Siemens, but in this economy every dollar counts. The beauty of the open source model for Aras is that companies don’t have to decide who gets a seat of PLM and who goes without. Everybody gets a copy, freeing up money for support. The companies switching to Aras don’t pocket the $100,000, they invest it in other ways. The deep thinkers in open source software say open source adopters change from feeding the vendor to feeding the software directly. Once the focus can be directly on the software, without the interference of a vendor, users find new and interesting way to extend the product. At the Aras website there is a long list of Community Projects—custom additions to Aras Innovator written by users and shared with the wider user community. Aras gets a free ride into the manufacturing IT environment because it is built on the Microsoft stack; there is no proprietary middleware requiring a small army of installation experts. The people who intend to use Aras Innovator already have Microsoft enterprise software experts in-house or on-call. In the wider world of IT, there are robust open source developer communities built around such essential services as Web Services, office productivity, customer relationship management, and more. The Internet itself is open source software supported by thousands of developers. The programmers who contribute to its creation and upkeep have a vested interest—their companies run on the products they help to create. Creation Vs. Evolution, Software Style One more analogy and we are finished. Our shared mental map of the software market can be compared to the model most people have in their heads of what the Creationism approach to biology looks like: a sovereign deity executes a grand plan, populating a world. That works for commercial software, where the “deity” is a corporate ego giving permission for what “life forms” exist and where they may be used. (I could digress into what I think of some of those corporate egos, but that’s another article for another time.) But creationism falls apart as an analogy for open source software. It might be initially “created” by one ego, but once it is in the wild there are thousands of possible transformative influences, and no one controlling the outcome. A better model might be the “selfish gene” interpretation of evolution as first articulated by Richard Dawkins. Dawkins says all past interpreters of evolution got it all “utterly wrong” because they interpreted the behavior of evolving life forms in terms of the good of the species. He says it is all about the good of the individual unit, all the way down to the gene level. Open source software is a selfish agent, acting in its own self interest. It seeks out ways to be fed and cared for, so that it can grow and reproduce itself. It seduces programmers with promises of free access and easy modification, and cunningly transmutes their enthusiasm into a free ride into other computers and other companies. In the evolutionary analogy, commercial PLM companies might view Aras as a cancer, while users might see it as a domesticated mammal, easily trained to perform many useful tasks. All analogies aside, open source software is not a fad, it has already irrevocably changed the marketplace. Economist Yochai Benkler calls the social means of production enabled by open source software the greatest achievement of the Internet. Aras may be the first to bring open source software to product lifecycle development, but it won’t be the last.