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Kumamoto-shi, Japan

Saito S.,Kumamoto University | Hayashi N.,Kumamoto University | Sato N.,Kumamoto University | Iwatsuki M.,Kumamoto University | And 15 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2013

Background: There has so far been little information on the clinical effect of bevacizumab against colorectal cancer in Japan. Hence, this study was conducted to retrospectively evaluate the safety and efficacy of bevacizumab in clinical practice. Methods: A total of 181 patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) received bevacizumab in combination with chemotherapy at 18 hospitals in Kumamoto prefecture, Japan. We surveyed the medical records of all patients regarding the patient characteristics, objective tumor responses, and adverse events. We analyzed their overall survival and the survival benefit when continuing the administration of bevacizumab beyond disease progression (progressive disease; PD) in patients who received bevacizumab-containing 1st line therapy. Results: The response rate (RR) in all lines of therapy was 42 %. The 1st line patients showed significantly better survival in comparison to the patients who received further lines of treatment (P = 0.005). There were no significant differences in survival between the group with post-PD treatment with bevacizumab and the group with post-PD treatment without bevacizumab (P = 0.13). The most common grade 3 or greater adverse event associated with bevacizumab was hypertension (12.2 %). Especially, a high incidence of gastrointestinal (GI) perforation was shown in this study (4.4 %) and most of the patients with GI perforation had some risk factors for this complication. Conclusion: Although the survival benefit of bevacizumab in Japanese patients with mCRC was similar to that observed in previous clinical trials, this study showed a high incidence of GI perforation in comparison to previous studies. Therefore, the careful selection of patients with few risk factors for this complication is likely to lead to a greater benefit from bevacizumab treatment. © 2012 Japan Society of Clinical Oncology.

Sakai K.,Saiseikai Kumamoto Hospital | Morikita T.,Saiseikai Kumamoto Hospital | Wada N.,Saiseikai Kumamoto Hospital | Yoshida M.,Red Cross | And 5 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Cancer and Chemotherapy | Year: 2011

Preparation of a system of community cooperation clinical pathway is called for by The Basic Act on Anti-Cancer Measures and The Basic Plans for National Cancer Strategy. Designated cancer care hospitals should play a very important role in constructing a local communication system among hospitals, clinics and nursing homes. In order to cooperate for seamless care of cancer, a notebook for patients with cancer has been made in Kumamoto by launching the Kumamoto Prefecture Regional Cooperation Conference of cancer management with the assistance of Kumamoto Prefectural government and the designated cancer care hospitals. This notebook consists of case information, treatment history, treatment goals, time schedule for cancer treatment, harmful phenomena due to cancer chemotherapy and counterplans for such side effects. This notebook will serve to improve comprehension and the attitude not only of patients, but also of co-medicals to cancer status and treatment. A physician approach and medical system are needed so that each patient can receive cooperative cancer treatment and care between hospitals and clinics.

Hashimoto D.,Kumamoto University | Chikamoto A.,Kumamoto University | Miyanari N.,National Hospital Organization Kumamoto Medical Center | Ohara C.,Kumamoto Saishunso National Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Surgical Research | Year: 2015

Background Thrombomodulin is a thrombin receptor on the endothelial cell surface that plays an important role in the regulation of intravascular coagulation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of treatment with recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rhTM) for patients with septic-disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) associated with gastroenterological surgery. Materials and methods From April 2011-September 2013, 201 patients with DIC associated with gastroenterological surgery were treated in 16 institutions in Kumamoto, Japan. The patients were diagnosed according to the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine DIC scoring system. The clinical course, mortality rate at 28 d, and adverse events were evaluated retrospectively. Results Forty-five patients were excluded because they did not meet the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine DIC criteria or had an insufficient duration of drug administration. Thus, 156 patients were analyzed. Of these patients, 107 received rhTM at the discretion of the attending surgeon and 49 did not. The most common reason for surgery in both groups was peritonitis due to perforation of the colon. Within 7 d, the platelet count, prothrombin time-international normalized ratio, DIC score, neutrophil count, and C-reactive protein level significantly improved in the rhTM group compared with those in the control. Treatment with rhTM was significantly associated with reduced inhospital mortality at 28 d. The incidence of adverse events did not differ between the two groups. Conclusions Therapy with rhTM may be associated with reduced inhospital mortality in patients with septic DIC associated with gastroenterological surgery without increasing adverse events. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Sakaguchi I.,Kumamoto UniversityKumamoto | Motohara T.,Kumamoto UniversityKumamoto | Saito F.,Kumamoto UniversityKumamoto | Takaishi K.,Kumamoto UniversityKumamoto | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology | Year: 2015

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and toxicity of oral administration of tegafur-uracil (UFT) at a high dose, 600 mg/day, based on the tegafur dose, against uterine cervical cancer. Methods: This study consisted of a retrospective analysis. From April 1986 to March 1997, 309 patients with uterine cervical cancer were registered. Oral UFT was administered to 162 patients for maintenance therapy after an initial treatment (the UFT group). The other 147 patients were not treated with UFT (the control group). The survival rate was calculated for both groups and statistically analyzed using the log-rank test. Adverse events were compared between the UFT and control groups. Results: In the UFT group, 103 patients (63.6%) received UFT for ≥90 days. The drug dose was 600 mg/day for 137 patients (84.6%) and 300 to 400 mg/day for the remainder. The overall survival rate was significantly higher in the UFT group than in the control group (p<0.05). The prognosis was particularly favorable in stage III cases, in cases of squamous cell carcinoma, and in cases that were treated by radiotherapy. The most frequent side effects were nausea/vomiting (12.2%), appetite loss (10.1%), and leukopenia/neutropenia (5.8%). Conclusion: High-dose oral UFT maintenance treatment prolonged the disease-free survival and overall survival of patients with uterine cervical cancer, particularly of those with advanced disease. © 2015. Asian Society of Gynecologic Oncology, Korean Society of Gynecologic Oncology.

Takesue Y.,ACTIONs Project Committee of Mycoses Forum | Takesue Y.,Hyogo College of Medicine | Ueda T.,Hyogo College of Medicine | Mikamo H.,ACTIONs Project Committee of Mycoses Forum | And 55 more authors.
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy | Year: 2015

Objectives: The Mycoses Forum in Japan has developed management bundles for candidaemia to incorporate into bedside practice. The aim of this study was to investigate nationwide compliance with the bundles and their impact on clinical outcomes. Methods: Non-neutropenic patients treated with antifungals for candidaemia were surveyed. Bundles consist of nine items to complete. Data were sent to the central office between July 2011 and April 2012. Results: Six hundred and eight patients were analysed. The compliance rate for achieving all elements was 6.9%, and it increased to 21.4% when compliance was analysed by the bundle except for oral switch. There was a significant difference in clinical success between patients with and without compliance [92.9% versus 75.8% (P=0.011)]. Compliance with the bundles, however, failed to be an independent factor associated with favourable outcomes. When step-down oral therapy was excluded from the elements of compliance, compliance with the bundles was revealed to be an independent predictor of clinical success (OR 4.42, 95% CI 2.05-9.52) and mortality (OR 0.27, 95% CI 0.13-0.57). Independent individual elements contributing to clinical success were removal of central venous catheters within 24 h, assessment of clinical efficacy on the third to the fifth day and at least 2 weeks of therapy after clearance of candidaemia. Conclusions: Compliance with the bundles for candidaemia had a beneficial effect on clinical outcomes. Promotion of the bundles approach may have the potential to narrow the gap between clinical evidence and bedside practice. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy.

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