Houston, TX, United States
Houston, TX, United States

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Provided herein are methods and apparatus for collecting and preserving core samples from a reservoir. In some embodiments, a method includes obtaining core samples from a reservoir using a rock and fluid sampling tool and depositing the core samples in a vessel filled with a hydrogen-free fluid such that a portion of the hydrogen-free fluid is displaced by the core samples and the core samples are immersed in the hydrogen-free fluid. The method also includes transferring a gas into the vessel to occupy a space in the vessel and sealing the vessel via a cap on an end of the vessel. Methods of analyzing the core samples core samples collected from a reservoir and a rock and fluid sampling tool are also provided.


Patent
Aramco Services Company, Saudi Aramco and Boston University | Date: 2016-03-04

Embodiments of the invention provide an imaging system and method using adaptive optics and optimization algorithms for imaging through highly scattering media in oil reservoir applications and lab-based petroleum research. Two-/multi-photon fluorescence microscopy is used in conjunction with adaptive optics for enhanced imaging and detection capabilities in scattering reservoir media. Advanced fluorescence techniques are used to allow for super-penetration imaging to compensate for aberrations both in and out of the field of interest, extending the depth at which pore geometry can be imaged within a rock matrix beyond the current capability of confocal microscopy. The placement of a Deformable Mirror or Spatial Light Modulator for this application, in which scattering and index mismatch are dominant aberrations, is in an optical plane that is conjugate to the pupil plane of the objective lens in the imaging system. The invention images stationary and dynamic nanoparticles, surfactants, fluid-fluid interfaces and tracers which can be used to study properties such as diffusion, mobility, adhesion, stickiness and wettability within the 3D structure of cores and thin sections.


Patent
Aramco Services Company and Massachusetts Institute of Technology | Date: 2016-06-01

A composition for stabilizing dispersed particles in an ionically charged solution is disclosed. The composition includes a carbonaceous substrate, the carbonaceous substrate operable to undergo a grafting-to approach for functionalization. The composition also includes a covalently bound stabilizing polymer, the covalently bound stabilizing polymer operable to be prepared as a diazonium salt for grafting to the carbonaceous substrate and a plurality of positively and negatively charged subgroups, the plurality of positively and negatively charged subgroups positioned within the covalently bound stabilizing polymer, where the plurality of positively and negatively charged subgroups are operable to stabilize the dispersed particles amongst positively and negatively charged ions within the ionically charged solution.


Embodiments of the invention provide an untethered apparatus for measuring properties along a subterranean well. According to at least one embodiment, the untethered apparatus includes a housing, and one or more sensors configured to measure data along the subterranean well. The data includes one or more physical, chemical, geological or structural properties in the subterranean well. The untethered apparatus further includes a processor configured to control the one or more sensors measuring the data and to store the measured data, and a transmitter configured to transmit the measured data to a receiver arranged external to the subterranean well. Further, the untethered apparatus includes a controller configured to control the buoyancy or the drag of the untethered apparatus to control a position of the untethered apparatus in the subterranean well. The processor includes instructions defining measurement parameters for the one or more sensors of the untethered apparatus within the subterranean well.


The disclosure relates to methods for determining imbibition of hydraulic fracturing fluids into hydrocarbon-bearing formations. More specifically, the disclosure relates to laboratory methods for determining certain unconventional flow parameters to measure the imbibition over time of hydraulic fracturing fluids into a low-permeability hydrocarbon-bearing rock formation.


Patent
Aramco Services Company | Date: 2015-02-04

Systems and methods for enhancing hydraulic fracturing productivity for recovery of a reservoir fluid from a reservoir formation having an open fracture includes providing a shape memory filter that is pseudoelastically deformed and contained within a soluble container. The shape memory filter and soluble container are pumped into the open fracture so that the soluble container dissolves and the shape memory filter returns to an expanded filter shape. A proppant is pumped into the open fracture so that the proppant is trapped by the shape memory filter and forms a column across the open fracture.


Patent
Aramco Services Company | Date: 2016-07-18

The present invention relates to methods for analyzing and modeling natural gas flow in subterranean shale reservoirs. In preferred embodiments, methodologies and techniques for determining and modeling natural gas flow in shale formations using methodologies and techniques capable of determining natural gas properties related to dual-continuum flow, permeability and pressure within a subterranean shale reservoir. In some embodiments, the natural gas properties are determined by subjecting a subterranean shale reservoir sample to pulse-decay analysis. In certain embodiments, the methodologies and techniques described herein may be used in various reservoirs exhibiting macroporosity and/or microporosity, such as fractured reservoirs and carbonate reservoirs composed of reservoir fluids.


Patent
Aramco Services Company | Date: 2015-10-22

A method for determining the tensile strength of a rock sample comprising the steps of obtaining the rock sample, measuring a water content of the rock sample through a water measurement method, determining a matrix bulk modulus of the rock sample, wherein the matrix bulk modulus is determined through a matrix modulus method, heating the rock sample with electromagnetic energy such that the electromagnetic energy heats the water content in the rock sample from an initial temperature, wherein heating the water content causes a pore-water pressure of the rock sample to increase, detecting a break in the rock sample with a sensor, wherein the increase in the pore-water pressure causes the rock sample to break, wherein the break occurs at a break time, at a break temperature; and calculating the pore-water pressure through the water content, the matrix bulk modulus, and the break temperature of the water content.


Patent
Aramco Services Company | Date: 2015-12-09

A fracturing fluid system for increasing hydrocarbon production in a subterranean reservoir formation is provided. The fracturing fluid system comprising a fluid composition and a base fluid, the fluid composition comprising a nano-crosslinker, and a base polymer; and the base fluid operable to suspend the fluid composition, the base fluid comprising water; wherein the fluid composition and the base fluid are combined to produce the fracturing fluid system, wherein the fracturing fluid system is operable to stimulate the subterranean reservoir formation. In certain embodiments, the nano-crosslinker is an amine-containing nano-crosslinker and the base polymer is an acrylamide-based polymer. In certain embodiments, the fracturing fluid systems comprise proppants for enhancing hydraulic fracturing stimulation in a subterranean hydrocarbon reservoir.


Patent
Aramco Services Company | Date: 2015-12-01

A method of fracturing a reservoir comprising the steps of pumping a geopolymer precursor fluid through a wellbore into the reservoir at a fracture pressure, the geopolymer precursor fluid at the fracture pressure generates fractures in the reservoir, wherein the geopolymer precursor fluid is comprised of an amount of aluminosilicate, an amount of alkaline reagent, and a permeability enhancer, allowing the geopolymer precursor fluid to fill the fractures in the reservoir, shutting-in the wellbore at a wellbore pressure, the wellbore pressure maintains the geopolymer precursor fluid in the fractures, allowing the geopolymer precursor fluid to harden for a hardening time to form a geopolymer in the fractures, the geopolymer has a geopolymer matrix, the geopolymer matrix has a permeability, the geopolymer has a compressive strength, and reducing the wellbore pressure allows a reservoir fluid to flow from the reservoir through the geopolymer matrix of the geopolymer to the wellbore.

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