Persian Gulf University is a university in the city of Manama, in the Kingdom of Bahrain. It is accredited by the Ministry of Education, Bahrain, and governed by Gulf Cooperative Countries, and is a member of Federation of the Universities of the Islamic World. Entry into the university is restricted to GCC nationals, with other Arab nationals considered only if vacancies are available. Wikipedia.
Alzoubi K.H.,Jordan University of Science and Technology |
Khabour O.F.,Jordan University of Science and Technology |
Salah H.A.,Jordan University of Science and Technology |
Hasan Z.,Arabian Gulf University
Physiology and Behavior | Year: 2013
Memory and learning are impaired by imbalanced diet consumption. High-fat high-carbohydrate diet (HFCD) induces oxidative stress, which results in neuronal damage and interference with synaptic transmission; hence, a decline in cognitive function. Vitamin E is a fat soluble antioxidant that is believed to have positive effects on learning and memory. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that chronic administration of vitamin E prevents learning and memory impairment induced by HFCD. In addition, possible molecular targets for HFCD, and vitamin E that lead to cognitive effects were examined. Vitamin E and/or HFCD were concurrently administered to animals for 6. weeks. Thereafter, behavioral studies were conducted to test the spatial learning and memory using radial arm water maze (RAWM). Additionally, brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) level and antioxidant markers were assessed in the hippocampus. The results of this project revealed that HFCD impairs both short-term and long-term memories (p. <. 0.05). The administration of vitamin E prevented the memory impairment induced by HFCD consumption (p. <. 0.05). The consumption of HFCD reduced activities of hippocampal superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (p. <. 0.05); whereas the levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) were elevated (p. <. 0.05). The administration of vitamin E normalized the effect of HFCD on the oxidative stress markers. None of the treatments induced changes in the levels of BDNF or glutathione peroxidase (GPx). In conclusion, HFCD induces memory impairment, and the administration of vitamin E prevented this impairment probably through normalizing antioxidant mechanisms in the hippocampus. © 2013.
El-Sadek A.,Arabian Gulf University
Water Resources Management | Year: 2010
Understanding the virtual water trade concept and strategy is important for formulating informed policies for improving water use efficiency at different levels. However, the introduction of virtual water concept as a policy option in Egypt is still in need for extensive investigations, research, and feasibility evaluation. Currently, Egypt's net virtual water import as a percentage of water resources has mounted to be 23.55%. The main concern, here, is to apply the concept of virtual water as a strategy in a way that meets its interests and objectives defined in the Egyptian National Water Resources Plan. This paper is primarily concerned with investigating the prevailing water/food situation in Egypt. It outlines water and food security situation and figures, as well as policy measures undertaken to meet the challenges. The role of 'virtual water' within a broader policy framework is demonstrated using crop production and international trade data from Egypt, where substantial amounts of 'virtual water' is embodied in wheat and maize imports. It is argued that for a country like Egypt, affordability of applying the virtual water concept may not be a major problem, but more the priority and independency related to food security. In order to adopt the application of virtual water concept in the national water resources strategy of Egypt, there is a need for a clear vision and understanding of its advantages and disadvantages according to the Egyptian conditions. This new concept as a policy option in Egypt requires further research and thorough understanding of the impacts and interactions on the local social, economic, environmental, cultural, natural, and political situation. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Nasr M.M.,Arabian Gulf University
International Journal of Surgery Case Reports | Year: 2015
Introduction Bilateral external carotid arteries ligation is a rare practice in cases of extensive maxilla-facial injuries. Defining indication criteria in the management of such cases is highly demanded in emergency surgery. Case presentation Reported case presents a male patient 67 years old man with a gunshot to the face. The whole face was macerated. Patient was operated surgically performing bilateral external carotid artery ligation, tracheostomy, pharyngostomy, gastrostomy and pressure dressing to face and head. Conclusion The procedure of bilateral external carotid artery ligation has no defined role in the management of maxillofacial trauma. The current status of such procedure in maxillofacial trauma needs revision. © 2015 The Authors. on behalf of Surgical Associates Ltd.
Alsultanny Y.,Arabian Gulf University
Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Information Technology, ITNG 2012 | Year: 2012
The importance of statistical forecasting is in its ability to discover hidden knowledge from databases. Forecasting is used successfully in many sectors. In this paper, forecasting is implemented in the educational sector, three time series algorithms are used, namely-simple moving average forecasting, weighted average forecasting and linear trend forecasting. Six secondary schools (from 7th to 9th) were selected in this study and data was collected for 9 years. The results indicate that the linear trend forecasting was the most accurate in predicting the school success ratio compared with the simple moving average forecasting and weighted average forecasting, as far as mean absolute error, mean square error and absolute percentage error are concerned. © 2012 IEEE.
Alsultanny Y.A.,Arabian Gulf University
Communications in Computer and Information Science | Year: 2011
Data Mining (DM) is the science of extracting useful information from the huge amounts of data. Data mining methods such as Naïve Bayes, Nearest Neighbor and Decision Tree are tested. The implementation of the three algorithms showed that Naïve Bayes algorithm is effectively used when the data attributes are categorized, and it can be used successfully in machine learning. The Nearest Neighbor is most suitable when the data attributes are continuous or categorized. The last algorithm tested is the Decision Tree, it is a simple predictive algorithm implemented by using simple rule methods in data classification. Each of the three algorithms can be implemented successfully and efficiently after studying the nature of database according to their; size, attributes, continuity and repetition. The success of data mining implementation depends on the completeness of database, that represented by data warehouse, that must be organized by using the important characteristics of data warehouse. © 2011 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Arabian Gulf University | Date: 2014-09-02
The present invention discloses an isolated nucleic acid molecule encoding an ISRAA polypeptide comprising a nucleotide sequence exhibiting at least 70% homology to the sequence represented by the nucleotide sequence SEQ ID No: 1. Also disclosed is a recombinant expression vector comprising said nucleic acid molecule and an isolated polypeptide molecule encoded by said nucleic acid molecule.
Arabian Gulf University | Date: 2012-10-12
The present invention relates to applications of an immune system-released activating agent (ISRAA) polypeptide, which is induced by a nervous stimulus and which has been found to mediate the transmission of signals between the immune system and the nervous system following an immune challenge. Here, the ISRAA polypeptide is for use in a method of treatment of patients with immunodeficiency, immunosuppression or autoimmune disease; cancer; neurologic diseases and disorders; or muscular diseases and disorders.
Arabian Gulf University | Date: 2010-12-22
There is disclosed a method of identifying individuals susceptible to familial hypercholesterolemia and which method comprises identifying in a sample from said individual at least one polymorphism at position 1706-2 of the coding region (41902 of the genomic DNA) in the low density lipoprotein receptor gene, and wherein the presence of at least one said polymorphism is indicative of said individual being of a higher susceptibility to familial hypercholesterolemia.
Arabian Gulf University | Date: 2015-12-30
The present invention discloses an isolated nucleic acid molecule encoding an ISRAA polypeptide comprising at least 70% homology to the sequence represented by the nucleotide sequence SEQ ID NO: 1. Also disclosed is a recombinant expression vector comprising said nucleic acid molecule and an isolated polypeptide molecule encoded by said nucleic acid molecule.
Arabian Gulf University | Date: 2016-01-11
The present invention relates to applications of an immune system-released activating agent (ISRAA) polypeptide, which is induced by a nervous stimulus and which has been found to mediate the transmission of signals between the immune system and the nervous system following an immune challenge. The ISRAA polypeptide is for use in a method of treatment of patients with immunodeficiency, immunosuppression or autoimmune disease; cancer; neurologic diseases and disorders; or muscular diseases and disorders.