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Khlaifat A.,Mu'tah University | Hogan M.,Arab Potash Company APC | Phillips G.,Arab Potash Company APC | Nawayseh K.,Arab Potash Company APC | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Marine Systems | Year: 2010

The Dead Sea brine quality was assessed in order to provide scientific basis for researchers' needs. Four times a month, brine samples were collected from the Arab Potash Company (APC) point of intake and analyzed for physico-chemical parameters in the laboratory over 22 years, and Dead Sea surface temperature and level were measured during each sampling. The mean density values for the collected samples during the last 22 years ranged from 1.2040 g/cm 3 in 1992 to 1.2393 g/cm 3 in 2007, with an average value of 1.2376 g/cm 3. The brine salinity values ranged from 293.6 in 1992 to 339.3 g/l in 2008 with an average value of 337.73 g/l. The ionic dominance observed was Cl - > Mg ++ > Na + > Ca ++ > K +. The results showed that diluting the Dead Sea brine affects both magnesium and sodium chlorides significantly because of their high solubilities in fresh water and their large reserves. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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