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Herrero B.,Aquaculture and Its Traceability Management | Vieites J.M.,Aquaculture and Its Traceability Management | Espineira M.,Aquaculture and Its Traceability Management
Food Chemistry | Year: 2014

Food allergy is recognised as an important human health problem. Fish represent one of the most important causes of food hypersensitivity reaction. Small amounts of the allergen can cause severe reactions in sensitive individuals, so correct labelling is essential to ensure the protection of consumers. The objective of the present work was to develop a reliable, sensitive and specific real-time PCR method for the detection of fish and traces of fish in all kind of products included those that have undergone aggressive treatments such as high temperature or pressure. This methodology was validated simulating products likely to contain this allergen and spiking them with fish cooking water. In addition, a comparison between the performance of in-house methodology and a commercial kit, both of them based on real-time PCR, was carried out. This work is relevant because it is the first, rapid real-time PCR method developed to date for the detection of fish in processed food products. The results obtained confirm the present assay is a useful tool in detecting fish and, therefore, minimising exposure and reducing incidences of allergic reaction to fish in contaminated products. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Dalama J.,Aquaculture and Its Traceability Management | Vieites J.M.,Aquaculture and Its Traceability Management | Espineira M.,Aquaculture and Its Traceability Management
Food Chemistry | Year: 2015

Consumption of Lepidocybium flavobrunneum and Ruvettus pretiosus is related with the gastrointestinal disease called Keriorrhea. Sometimes, intentionally or not, these species are mislabelled as other harmless species, causing severe disruptions to consumers. The correct identification of these species helps to avoid food fraud and health problems. For this reason, a multiplex Real Time-PCR method based on TaqMan technology for the correct authentication of L. flavobrunneum and R. pretiosus has been developed. The method is based on a species-specific set of primers and TaqMan probe which amplifies a 276 bp fragment of the cytochrome oxidase I (COI) mitochondrial DNA region. This methodology allows your application to any type of product, regardless of the degree of processing it has undergone with high specificity, sensitivity and rapidity. Also, it might be a useful tool in monitoring and verifying labelling regulation and protect consumer rights. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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