Apulia Regions Environmental Protection Agency ARPA Puglia

Bari, Italy

Apulia Regions Environmental Protection Agency ARPA Puglia

Bari, Italy
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Amodio M.,University of Bari | Catino S.,Apulia Regions Environmental Protection Agency ARPA Puglia | Dambruoso P.R.,Apulia Regions Environmental Protection Agency ARPA Puglia | De Gennaro G.,Apulia Regions Environmental Protection Agency ARPA Puglia | And 8 more authors.
Advances in Meteorology | Year: 2014

The atmosphere is a carrier on which some natural and anthropogenic organic and inorganic chemicals are transported, and the wet and dry deposition events are the most important processes that remove those chemicals, depositing it on soil and water. A wide variety of different collectors were tested to evaluate site-specificity, seasonality and daily variability of settleable particle concentrations. Deposition fluxes of POPs showed spatial and seasonal variations, diagnostic ratios of PAHs on deposited particles, allowed the discrimination between pyrolytic or petrogenic sources. Congener pattern analysis and bulk deposition fluxes in rural sites confirmed long-range atmospheric transport of PCDDs/Fs. More and more sophisticated and newly designed deposition samplers have being used for characterization of deposited mercury, demonstrating the importance of rain scavenging and the relatively higher magnitude of Hg deposition from Chinese anthropogenic sources. Recently biological monitors demonstrated that PAH concentrations in lichens were comparable with concentrations measured in a conventional active sampler in an outdoor environment. In this review the authors explore the methodological approaches used for the assessment of atmospheric deposition, from the analysis of the sampling methods, the analytical procedures for chemical characterization of pollutants and the main results from the scientific literature. © 2014 M. Amodio et al.


de Gennaro G.,University of Bari | de Gennaro G.,Apulia Regions Environmental Protection Agency ARPA Puglia | Dambruoso P.R.,Apulia Regions Environmental Protection Agency ARPA Puglia | Loiotile A.D.,University of Bari | And 7 more authors.
Environmental Chemistry Letters | Year: 2014

In recent years, the use of synthetic materials in building and furnishing, the adoption of new lifestyles, the extensive use of products for environmental cleaning and personal hygiene have contributed to the deterioration of indoor air quality and introduced new sources of risk to humans. Indoor environments include home, workplaces such as offices, public buildings such as hospitals, schools, kindergartens, sports halls, libraries, restaurants and bars, theaters and cinemas and finally cabins of vehicles. Indoor environments in schools have been of particular public concern. According to recent studies, children aged between 3 and 14 spend 90 % of the day indoors both in winter and summer. Moreover, children have greater susceptibility to some environmental pollutants than adults, because they breathe higher volumes of air relative to their body weights, and their tissues and organs are actively growing. In this review, the authors explore the methodological approaches used for the assessment of air quality in schools: monitoring strategies, sampling and analysis techniques and summarizing an overview of main findings from scientific literature concerning the most common pollutants found in school environments. © 2014, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.


Amodio M.,University of Bari | De Gennaro G.,Apulia Regions Environmental Protection Agency ARPA Puglia | De Gennaro G.,University of Bari | Di Gilio A.,Apulia Regions Environmental Protection Agency ARPA Puglia | Tutino M.,Apulia Regions Environmental Protection Agency ARPA Puglia
Advances in Meteorology | Year: 2014

A high time-resolved monitoring campaign of bulk deposition of PAHs and metals was conducted near the industrial area and at an urban background site in province of Taranto (Italy) in order to evaluate the impact of the biggest European steel plant. The deposition fluxes of the sum of detected PAHs at the industrial area ranged from 92 to 2432 ng m-2d-1. In particular the deposition fluxes of BaP, BaA, and BkF were, on average, 10, 14, and 8 times higher than those detected at the urban background site, respectively. The same finding was for metals. The deposition fluxes of Ni (19.8 μg m-2d-1) and As (2.2 μg m-2d-1) at the industrial site were about 5 times higher than those at the urban background site, while the deposition fluxes of Fe (57 mg m-2d-1) and Mn (1.02 mg m-2d-1) about 31 times higher. Precipitation and wind speed played an important role in PAH deposition fluxes. Fe and Mn fluxes at the industrial site resulted high when wind direction favored the transport of air masses from the steel plant to the receptor site. The impact of the industrial area was also confirmed by IP/(IP + BgP), IP/BgP, and BaP/BgP diagnostic ratios. Copyright © 2014 M. Amodio et al.

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