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Rosenfeld M.,Applus+ RTD | Fassett R.,Kleinfelder , Inc.
PPIM 2013 - Proceedings of the 25th Pipeline Pigging and Integrity Management Conference | Year: 2013

A discussion covers data of pressure related ruptures due to interacting threats on pipelines that were operating below 30% SMYS; pipelines that ruptured while operating < 20% SMYS; areas of technology that the integrity assessment industry may want to focus on to address issues that may affect local distribution companies more than interstate natural gas operators; the types of interaction that caused the ruptures; and a high level decision tree that will allow an operator to begin to address how to model their system to determine if they may have these same threat combinations. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the Proceedings of the 25th Pipeline Pigging & Integrity Management Conference (Houston, TX 2/13-14/2013).


Witts J.,Applus+ RTD
Canadian Nuclear Society - 35th Annual Conference of the Canadian Nuclear Society and 38th CNS/CNA Student Conference 2015 | Year: 2015

RTD-Incotest or insulated component testing, a method of pulsed eddy current, is designed and developed by Applus-RTD for the detection and sizing of corrosion under insulation. RTD-Incotest measures average wall loss over an area beneath the probe. This is accomplished by measuring the decay curve of the eddy current and then utilizes a software algorithm to determine percent wall loss. If there is a verification point this can also give average remaining wall thickness. The benefits for the nuclear industry are: 1) No need to remove insulation. Only requires one verification point. 2) Reduces potential exposure/ maintains ALARA 3) Quick and accurate screening method. For exposed piping there is no need for contact with the piping. So it can be applied for high temperature or for increasing standoff to reduce exposure.


Rosenfeld M.J.,Applus+ RTD
Proceedings of the American Gas Association, Operating Section | Year: 2013

Following its investigation of the San Bruno pipeline accident, the NTSB recommended to the pipeline operator that pipelines in Class 1 and Class 2 High Consequence Areas and in Class 3 and Class 4 areas, be subjected to hydrostatic pressure tests using the spike test format. The concept of hydrostatic testing pipelines considers that if a pipeline can withstand a test to a high pressure, it is logical that it can safely operate at a lower pressure. A discussion covers the difference between the pressure spike test and conventional pressure tests; the technical basis for the pressure spike test; what constitutes an effective pressure spike test; limitations of the spike test; regulatory recognition of spike testing; and under what circumstances the pressure spike test is or is not of value. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 2013 AGA Operations Conference (Orlando, FL 5/21-24/2013).


Rosenfeld M.J.,Applus+ RTD
Proceedings of the Biennial International Pipeline Conference, IPC | Year: 2014

Pipeline construction projects underway in the US during the 2005 to 2010 timeframe encountered occurrences of unintended diameter expansion during hydrostatic testing of high-strength line pipe. Causes of expansion were in some cases attributed to inadequate pipe manufacturing and procurement practices or in other cases to high external loads present concurrently during pressure testing. This paper considers the implications to long-term pipeline integrity arising with pipe that underwent unintended diameter change with associated strain accumulation. The paper presents a relationship between test pressure and diameter expansion, estimation of the reserve strain capacity, effects on fracture control, and effects on integrity reassessment intervals. The conclusions are that the integrity issues associated with limited magnitudes of diameter change can be readily managed. Copyright © 2014 by ASME.


A tool, method, and system for in-line inspection or treatment of a pipeline, with the tool including a first traction module on a first longitudinal end, and a second traction module on a second end. The tool includes at least one work module, such as an encoder module and/or an ultrasonic testing module, which is positioned between the first and second traction modules. A plurality of flexible connecting elements each interconnect one of the first and second traction modules for articulation to the at least one work module. Each of the first and second traction modules has at least one sealing element that causes propulsion in response to a fluid flow in a pipeline to be inspected or treated in one direction and allows relatively unhindered passing of the fluid flow in an opposite direction.


Patent
Applus+ RTD | Date: 2015-02-26

A system for radiographic inspection of welds from at least a portion of a vertical wall such as the wall of a storage tank for gas or oil wherein the wall comprising a plurality of metal plates connected by means of the welds, the system comprising a frame comprising a first sub frame arranged to be positioned, in use, on a first side of the portion of the wall and a second sub frame arranged to be positioned, in use, on a second side of the portion of the wall which lays opposite to the first side of the portion of the wall. The system comprises a radiation source which is attached to the first sub frame for transmitting electromagnetic radiation towards the weld and a radiation detector which is attached to the second sub frame for detecting radiation which has travelled through the weld for carrying out the inspection.


A method and system are described for examining the interior material of an object from a surface of an object using ultrasound having a frequency of at least 100 kHz. The method comprises the step of transmitting at least a first ultrasound signal by a first ultrasound transmitter of a first number of ultrasound transmitters to the interior material of the object for forming a first image in order to determine, according for example to the principle of inverse wave field extrapolation, where in the interior material of the object reflections and/or diffractions occur. Reflections and/or diffractions of the first ultrasound signal from the interior material of the object are received using a second number of ultrasound receivers which are acoustically coupled to the surface of the object at positions which are distributed in at least one dimension of the surface of the object.


A method and system are described for examining the interior material of an object from a surface of an object using ultrasound having a frequency of at least 100 kHz. The method comprises the step of transmitting at least a first ultrasound signal by a first ultrasound transmitter of a first number of ultrasound transmitters to the interior material of the object for forming a first image in order to determine, according for example to the principle of inverse wave field extrapolation, where in the interior material of the object reflections and/or diffractions occur. Reflections and/or diffractions of the first ultrasound signal from the interior material of the object are received using a second number of ultrasound receivers which are acoustically coupled to the surface of the object at positions which are distributed in at least one dimension of the surface of the object. With each of the second number of ultrasound receivers, a receiving signal is generated from the received reflections and/or diffractions of the first ultrasound signal from the interior material of the object, and each of the receiving signals generated by one of the ultrasound receivers is processed separately into a separate dataset. The separate datasets of all the ultrasound receivers are combined to the first image.


Method of determining an edge of a first anomaly in a wall of a pipeline from a first set of data elements representing measurements of the wall of the pipeline. An element of the first set comprises a first coordinate, a second coordinate, and a parameter being indicative for the presence and/or severity of the first anomaly a position along the wall indicated by the first and second coordinate. The method comprises determining a data element that is associated with a maximum in the severity of the first anomaly; evaluating a value of the parameter by comparing with a predetermined threshold; determining an initial edge data element for which the parameter has reached the threshold; determining a next edge data element; determining further edge data elements; and determining the edge of the first anomaly by combining the first and second coordinates of the determined edge data elements.


Trademark
Applus+ RTD | Date: 2014-05-20

Computer software for pipeline operations, pipeline inspection and pipeline integrity. Scientific research and development; Scientific and technological services, namely, scientific research, analysis, testing, design and development of computer hardware and software, all in the field of pipeline operations, pipeline inspection and pipeline integrity.

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