Applied Science Private University
Amman, Jordan

Applied Science Private University is a university located in the Shafa Badran suburb of Amman, in Jordan. It was established in 1991. The university's basketball team plays in the Jordanian premium league, It is the only university that has an athletic team that plays in a premium league in Jordan. In the academic year 2009/2010 there were 7866 students of whom 2991 were international students. Wikipedia.

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Abed A.R.,Applied Science Private University
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Urban Design and Planning | Year: 2017

Sustainable development is a widely used term, which has been discussed thoroughly at environmental, economic and social levels. While prior researches were dominated initially by environmental issues and economic aspects, social dimension had less chance of study. Therefore, the goal of this study is to understand the physical and nonphysical aspects of social sustainability and to assess its application in housing developments. In this research, a mixed method approach was used to assess social sustainability in different typologies of housing development. Two residential compounds and its surroundings were investigated. Morphological analysis for the research setting was conducted along with statistical analysis for the collected data from households. As a result, there was a salient difference between compound and its surroundings. This can be seen clearly in the case of serious trial to improve social sustainability represented by providing vital open spaces associated with a well-designed facility. This helps to create various forms of social interaction and boosts a sense of belonging which will affect positively on social sustainability. Meanwhile, poor design creates negative energy due to the absence of social sustainability parameters. So, there is a need to consider the role of social infrastructure in designing and planning residential development. © 2017, ICE Publishing. All rights reserved.

Moh'd B.K.,Applied Science Private University
International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology | Year: 2017

The color of twelve Jordanian building limestones assigned using the Munsell Rock Color Chart (MRCC), was found not accurate enough especially in the wet state. This is believed to be due the limited number of rock chips included in this chart. Hence the color, in the dry and wet states, was measured by a colorimeter using the L∗a∗b∗ color system. Color differences were expressed by ΔE and ΔC (chromaticity). In the dry state, the highest L∗ and E values were recorded in a creamy white coquinal limestone and the lowest in travertine. Chalk recorded the highest a∗ , b∗ and C values, whereas a gray-black limestone has the lowest b∗ , E and C values. In the wet state, the creamy white limestone has the highest L∗ and E values and the lowest a∗ value. Chalk has the highest a∗ , b∗ and C values. The gray-black limestone has the lowest b∗ , E and C values. Upon wetting L∗ and E decrease, while a∗ , b∗ and C increase. The highest ?E occurs in the gray-black limestones, an intermediate change occurs in fine and coarsely crystalline limestones, followed by colored chalks. Other types of limestone have a low change in E. In the case of ?C, the greatest change occurs in colored chalks, followed by the very fine-grained limestone, crystalline rocks and finally the fossiliferous limestones. Four broad color fields (cream-white, gray-black, yellowish, and reddish-pinkish) can be distinguished in the ?E-?C graph. The color in the wet state can be derived from that of the dry state using the graphs made in the present work. © IAEME Publication.

Moh'D B.K.,Applied Science Private University
International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology | Year: 2017

Tests for acceptability of polish were carried out on six limestone types from Jordan using the average roughness, Ra and gloss meter values. These limestones are of different textures, strengths, and physical mechanical properties. The rocks were investigated in five consequent stages of polish: as sawn, diamond lap, SiC 600, SiC 1000, and diamond (1/4μm). The final stage of polish produced both the highest gloss and lowest roughness values. Crystalline limestone varieties produced the lowest roughness and highest gloss, while chalk produced the worst results in each case. Low porosity rocks gave the highest gloss and low roughness values. In high porosity stones, pores are exposed with continued polish resulting in little reduction of surface roughness. Roughness and gloss are both affected by the presence of impurities, which produced differential hardness and polishability within the rock. Three equations were prepared, using the available data (porosity, compressive strength, silica and lime), to predict roughness. The available data, with and without roughness, were used to prepare five equations to predict gloss. Multiple regression technique was used in formulating the different equations. © IAEME Publication.

AbuRuz M.E.,Applied Science Private University
Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing | Year: 2017

BACKGROUND:: Anxiety is the earliest psychological response to acute myocardial infarction. When anxiety persists or becomes severe, it has negative consequences including increased risk for in-hospital complications. Therefore, it is necessary to determine which groups of people are at risk for high anxiety after acute myocardial infarction. OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a difference in anxiety levels and rate of complications based on gender early after acute myocardial infarction. METHODS:: A comparative design was used. Patients with acute myocardial infarction were interviewed within 72 hours (mean [SD], 40 [18] hours) of admission to the hospital and completed a sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire and the Anxiety Subscale of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. In addition, clinical data were abstracted from the participants’ medical record after discharge. RESULTS:: A total of 250 patients, with a confirmed diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction, participated in this study: 163 men and 87 women. Female patients were more anxious (15.5 [3.6] vs 8.1 [2.9], P < .01) and had more complications (1.1 [1.9] vs 0.6 [0.08], P < .05) than male patients did. CONCLUSIONS:: Anxiety is a global problem after acute myocardial infarction. Exploration of reasons why women of different cultures are at a higher risk for anxiety after acute myocardial infarction is necessary. It is of high clinical importance to determine strategies for managing anxiety in patients with or suspected to have acute myocardial infarction, especially women. Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved

Talib W.H.,Applied Science Private University
Scientia Pharmaceutica | Year: 2017

Thymoquinone (TQ) and piperine, the active ingredients in cumin (Nigella sativa) and black pepper (Piper longum), respectively, exhibit various bioactivities including anticancer effects. The aim of the present study is to investigate the antineoplastic activity of a combination of TQ and piperine against breast cancer implanted in mice. The antiproliferative effects of TQ, piperine, and a combination of both agents were tested against mouse epithelial breast cancer cell line (EMT6/P) using MTT assay. The isobolographic method was used to calculate the combination index (CI). Degree of angiogenesis inhibition was detected by measuring vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels in tissue culture for all treatments. EMT6/P cells were inoculated in Balb/C mice and the antitumor effect of TQ, piperine, and their combination was assessed. Changes in tumor size were calculated for all treatments. Tumor histology was examined using the hematoxylin/eosin staining protocol. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) dUTP Nick-End Labeling (TUNEL) colorimetric assay and caspase-3 activity assays were used to detect apoptosis. Serum levels of interferon (INF)-γ, interleukin (IL)-4, IL-2, and IL-10 were measured using ELISA and treatment toxicity was evaluated by measuring serum levels of aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), and creatinine. A clear synergistic antiproliferative interaction between TQ and piperine was observed with CI value of 0.788. The combination therapy resulted in significant reduction in tumor size with percentage cure of 60% and percentage death of 0%. High degrees of apoptosis and geographical necrosis were induced in tumors treated with the combination therapy. Combination therapy caused significant decrease in VEGF expression and increased serum INF-γ levels. Normal serum levels of AST, ALT, and creatinine were observed in tumor-bearing mice treated with the combination therapy. The combination of TQ and piperine acts synergistically to target breast cancer in vitro and in vivo. This novel combination exerts its effect by angiogenesis inhibition, apoptosis induction, and shifting the immune response toward T helper1 response. This combination therapy deserves further investigation (including measurement of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)1α to be used in clinical studies. © 2017 by the author. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Ghazal O.H.,Applied Science Private University
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy | Year: 2013

Mixtures of hydrogen and methane are considered viable alternative fuels to gasoline due to lower overall pollutant emissions. The basic intent of the present work is to evaluate the effect of using blend hydrogen-methane fuel with varying fuel induction systems for spark ignition engines on its overall performance and emission. Firstly a model of blends hydrogen-methane ICE has been designed and validated by experimental data. The model is used as an engine simulator. Equivalence ratio, fuel injection system, hydrogen-methane ratio, and engine speed are selected as the effective and controllable parameters on engine emissions and performance characteristics. Secondly, the effects of variation parameters on emissions and performance characteristics of the modeled engine are illustrated. Finally, the reasons of the engine behavior and characteristics under variations of these parameters are fully discussed. The analysis of the results shows that the addition of some hydrogen to methane between 0.4 and 0.6 H2 with equivalence ratio near to stoichiometric and engine speed between 2000 and 3000 rpm produces notable improvements to engine performance and emissions. © 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Ghazal O.H.,Applied Science Private University
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy | Year: 2013

The combustion of hydrogen-diesel blend fuel was investigated under simulated direct injection (DI) diesel engine conditions. The investigation presented in this paper concerns numerical analysis of neat diesel combustion mode and hydrogen enriched diesel combustion in a compression ignition (CI) engine. The parameters varied in this simulation included: H2/diesel blend fuel ratio, engine speed, and air/fuel ratio. The study on the simultaneous combustion of hydrogen and diesel fuel was conducted with various hydrogen doses in the range from 0.05% to 50% (by volume) for different engine speed from 1000 - 4000 rpm and air/fuel ratios (A/F) varies from 10 - 80. The results show that, applying hydrogen as an extra fuel, which can be added to diesel fuel in the (CI) engine results in improved engine performance and reduce emissions compared to the case of neat diesel operation because this measure approaches the combustion process to constant volume. Moreover, small amounts of hydrogen when added to a diesel engine shorten the diesel ignition lag and, in this way, decrease the rate of pressure rise which provides better conditions for soft run of the engine. Comparative results are given for various hydrogen/diesel ratio, engine speeds and loads for conventional Diesel and dual fuel operation, revealing the effect of dual fuel combustion on engine performance and exhaust emissions. © 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Masa'Deh R.,Applied Science Private University
Global journal of health science | Year: 2014

During cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, family members, in some hospitals, are usually pushed to stay out of the resuscitation room. However, growing literature implies that family presence during resuscitation could be beneficial. Previous literature shows controversial belief whether or not a family member should be present during resuscitation of their relative. Some worldwide association such as the American Heart Association supports family-witnessed resuscitation and urge hospitals to develop policies to ease this process. The opinions on family-witnessed resuscitation vary widely among various cultures, and some hospitals are not applying such policies yet. This study explores family members' needs during resuscitation in adult critical care settings. This is a part of larger study. The study was conducted in six hospitals in two major Jordanian cities. A purposive sample of seven family members, who had experience of having a resuscitated relative, was recruited over a period of six months. Semi-structured interview was utilised as the main data collection method in the study. The study findings revealed three main categories: families' need for reassurance; families' need for proximity; and families' need for support. The need for information about patient's condition was the most important need. Updating family members about patient's condition would reduce their tension and improve their acceptance for the end result of resuscitation. All interviewed family members wanted the option to stay beside their loved one at end stage of their life. Distinctively, most of family members want this option for some religious and cultural reasons such as praying and supplicating to support their loved one. This study emphasizes the importance of considering the cultural and religious dimensions in any family-witnessed resuscitation programs. The study recommends that family members of resuscitated patients should be treated properly by professional communication and involving them in the treatment process. The implications concentrate on producing specific guidelines for allowing family-witnessed resuscitation in the Jordanian context. Finally, attaining these needs will in turn decrease stress of those witnessing resuscitation of their relative.

Phan A.C.,Yokohama National University | Abdallah A.B.,Applied Science Private University | Matsui Y.,Yokohama National University
International Journal of Production Economics | Year: 2011

This paper presents the results of an empirical study on the relationship between quality management practices and competitive performance in Japanese manufacturing companies. The data was gathered from two surveys including the common sample of twenty-seven Japanese manufacturing companies in the 1990s and the 2000s. Statistical techniques are used to compare the degree of implementation of the eleven quality management practices and their impact on different dimensions of competitive performance between two periods. Findings of this study highlight the stability and consistency of the Japanese quality management, which can be used as one of the strategic weapons for maintaining competitive advantage of Japanese manufacturing companies. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All right reserved.

Cusens J.,Applied Science Private University | Wright S.D.,University of Auckland | McBride P.D.,Applied Science Private University | Gillman L.N.,Applied Science Private University
Ecology | Year: 2012

The nature of the relationship between productivity and species richness has remained controversial for at least two decades. Recently authors have favored the suggestion that the form of this relationship is highly variable and scale dependent. However, this conclusion is not universally accepted. Here we present the results of a meta-analysis of animal productivity-species-richness relationships (PSRR) in terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems. Initially, 374 separate cases from 273 published studies were identified as potential tests of the animal PSRR. After critically assessing each study, 115 cases were accepted as robust tests of the relationship, and of these 95 had data available for formal meta-analysis. Contrary to expectation, we found no support for the form of the relationship being scale dependent; positive relationships predominated at all scales (geographical extents and grains). Furthermore, positive relationships were the most common form of the animal PSRR in both terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems and among vertebrates, invertebrates, homeotherms and poikilotherms. Therefore, our results also contrast with previous reviews that suggest no particular form of the PSRR is predominant. We demonstrate that the method used for classifying the form of PSRRs is critical to the result and that previous reviews may have been too liberal toward classifying the form of relationships as unimodal. The tendency for positive relationships between productivity and species richness across diverse animal taxa has important implications for understanding the mechanisms behind the latitudinal gradient in species richness. © 2012 by the Ecological Society of America.

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