Amman, Jordan

Applied Science Private University is a university located in the Shafa Badran suburb of Amman, in Jordan. It was established in 1991. The university's basketball team plays in the Jordanian premium league, It is the only university that has an athletic team that plays in a premium league in Jordan. In the academic year 2009/2010 there were 7866 students of whom 2991 were international students. Wikipedia.

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Lomiwes D.,Agresearch Ltd. | Lomiwes D.,The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Ltd | Farouk M.M.,Agresearch Ltd. | Wiklund E.,Svenska Samernas Riksforbund | Young O.A.,Applied Science Private University
Meat Science | Year: 2014

The eating quality of meat is a result of complex interactions between the biological traits and biochemical processes during the conversion of muscle to meat. It was hypothesised that muscles inevitably engage towards apoptotic cell death due to the termination of oxygen and nutrient supply to the muscle following exsanguination. Thus, factors that regulate the process of apoptotic cell death of muscle cells are believed to ultimately influence meat quality. Proteomic studies have associated the regulation of small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) with various meat quality attributes including tenderness, colour, juiciness and flavour. Due to the anti-apoptotic and chaperone functions of sHSPs, they are proposed to be involved with the eating quality of meat. In this review, we discuss the possible chaperone and anti-apoptotic role of sHSPs during the conversion of muscle to meat and consider the repercussions of this on the development of meat tenderness. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Alhawari S.,Applied Science Private University | Karadsheh L.,ECPI University | Nehari Talet A.,King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals | Mansour E.,Applied Science Private University
International Journal of Information Management | Year: 2012

The purpose of this paper is to explore the field of Risk Management (RM) in relation with Knowledge Management (KM). It attempts to present a conceptual framework, called Knowledge-Based Risk Management (KBRM) that employs KM processes to improve its effectiveness and increase the probability of success in innovative Information Technology (IT) projects. It addresses initiatives towards employing KM processes in RM processes by reviewing, interpreting the related and relevant literature and sheds light on integration with RM in the IT project. The paper exposes some pertinent elements needed for building the KBRM framework for IT projects and also suggests some instrument about the integration of KM and RM process to improve the RRP (Risk Response Planning) process efficiency. This paper will contribute to the literature and practice by providing a clear method for employing KBRM as a framework to keep organizations competitive within the business environment. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Ghazal O.H.,Applied Science Private University
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy | Year: 2013

Mixtures of hydrogen and methane are considered viable alternative fuels to gasoline due to lower overall pollutant emissions. The basic intent of the present work is to evaluate the effect of using blend hydrogen-methane fuel with varying fuel induction systems for spark ignition engines on its overall performance and emission. Firstly a model of blends hydrogen-methane ICE has been designed and validated by experimental data. The model is used as an engine simulator. Equivalence ratio, fuel injection system, hydrogen-methane ratio, and engine speed are selected as the effective and controllable parameters on engine emissions and performance characteristics. Secondly, the effects of variation parameters on emissions and performance characteristics of the modeled engine are illustrated. Finally, the reasons of the engine behavior and characteristics under variations of these parameters are fully discussed. The analysis of the results shows that the addition of some hydrogen to methane between 0.4 and 0.6 H2 with equivalence ratio near to stoichiometric and engine speed between 2000 and 3000 rpm produces notable improvements to engine performance and emissions. © 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Ghazal O.H.,Applied Science Private University
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy | Year: 2013

The combustion of hydrogen-diesel blend fuel was investigated under simulated direct injection (DI) diesel engine conditions. The investigation presented in this paper concerns numerical analysis of neat diesel combustion mode and hydrogen enriched diesel combustion in a compression ignition (CI) engine. The parameters varied in this simulation included: H2/diesel blend fuel ratio, engine speed, and air/fuel ratio. The study on the simultaneous combustion of hydrogen and diesel fuel was conducted with various hydrogen doses in the range from 0.05% to 50% (by volume) for different engine speed from 1000 - 4000 rpm and air/fuel ratios (A/F) varies from 10 - 80. The results show that, applying hydrogen as an extra fuel, which can be added to diesel fuel in the (CI) engine results in improved engine performance and reduce emissions compared to the case of neat diesel operation because this measure approaches the combustion process to constant volume. Moreover, small amounts of hydrogen when added to a diesel engine shorten the diesel ignition lag and, in this way, decrease the rate of pressure rise which provides better conditions for soft run of the engine. Comparative results are given for various hydrogen/diesel ratio, engine speeds and loads for conventional Diesel and dual fuel operation, revealing the effect of dual fuel combustion on engine performance and exhaust emissions. © 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Al Moh'd I.M.,Applied Science Private University
Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering | Year: 2016

A number of non-typical design cases/situations for geosynthetic reinforced soil (GRS) were presented. The first case demonstrates, using the available design software, a comparison between multi (stepped) and single wall geometries at the same total exposed heights considering facing-geogrid connection stability. The results demonstrated one downside of multi wall system related to local connection excessive forces near the top of lower wall. The second case demonstrated an easy way for designing of tall walls where wall deflections become a concern without the use of finite element modelling. The design approach demonstrated the role of proper model presentation for the materials in commercial design software. The last (third) case presents a case of wall redesign where the wall geometry was upgraded during construction without having to reconstruct the readily installed geogrids. The cases and recommendations presented in this paper provide a reference for practice engineers and are based on the existing design standards and methods. © 2016 ejge.

Zaid A.I.O.,Applied Science Private University
Key Engineering Materials | Year: 2016

Magnesium and its alloys are the lightest constructional available materials on earth with a maximum density of 1.78 g /cc and melting point of 650 ?C, with good damping characteristics. Therefore; they are alloyed or micro alloyed with other elements. In this paper comparison between the addition of Ti and Ti+ B to this alloy on its grain size and its mechanical characteristics is investigated both in the cast and after direct extrusion and the obtained results are presented and discussed. © 2016 Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.

Abu Baker A.A.,Applied Science Private University
International Journal of Engineering and Technology | Year: 2016

Diagnosis the Computed Tomography Images (CT-Images) may take a lot of time by the radiologist. This will increase the radiologist fatigue and may miss some of the cancerous lung nodule lesions. Therefore, an adaptive local enhancement Computer Aided Diagnosis (CAD) system is proposed. The proposed technique is design to enhance the suspicious cancerous regions in the CT-Images. The visual characteristics of the cancerous lung nodules in the CT-Images was the main criteria in designing this technique. The new approach is divided into two phases, pre-processing phase and image enhancement phase. The image noise reduction, thresholding process, and extraction the lung regions are considered as a pre-processing phase. Whereas, the new adaptive local enhancement method for the CTImages were implemented as a second phase. The proposed algorithm is tested and evaluated on 42 normal and cancerous lung nodule CT-Images. As a result, this new approach can efficiently enhance the cancerous lung nodules by 25% comparing with the original images.

Masa'Deh R.,Applied Science Private University
Global journal of health science | Year: 2014

During cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, family members, in some hospitals, are usually pushed to stay out of the resuscitation room. However, growing literature implies that family presence during resuscitation could be beneficial. Previous literature shows controversial belief whether or not a family member should be present during resuscitation of their relative. Some worldwide association such as the American Heart Association supports family-witnessed resuscitation and urge hospitals to develop policies to ease this process. The opinions on family-witnessed resuscitation vary widely among various cultures, and some hospitals are not applying such policies yet. This study explores family members' needs during resuscitation in adult critical care settings. This is a part of larger study. The study was conducted in six hospitals in two major Jordanian cities. A purposive sample of seven family members, who had experience of having a resuscitated relative, was recruited over a period of six months. Semi-structured interview was utilised as the main data collection method in the study. The study findings revealed three main categories: families' need for reassurance; families' need for proximity; and families' need for support. The need for information about patient's condition was the most important need. Updating family members about patient's condition would reduce their tension and improve their acceptance for the end result of resuscitation. All interviewed family members wanted the option to stay beside their loved one at end stage of their life. Distinctively, most of family members want this option for some religious and cultural reasons such as praying and supplicating to support their loved one. This study emphasizes the importance of considering the cultural and religious dimensions in any family-witnessed resuscitation programs. The study recommends that family members of resuscitated patients should be treated properly by professional communication and involving them in the treatment process. The implications concentrate on producing specific guidelines for allowing family-witnessed resuscitation in the Jordanian context. Finally, attaining these needs will in turn decrease stress of those witnessing resuscitation of their relative.

Phan A.C.,Yokohama National University | Abdallah A.B.,Applied Science Private University | Matsui Y.,Yokohama National University
International Journal of Production Economics | Year: 2011

This paper presents the results of an empirical study on the relationship between quality management practices and competitive performance in Japanese manufacturing companies. The data was gathered from two surveys including the common sample of twenty-seven Japanese manufacturing companies in the 1990s and the 2000s. Statistical techniques are used to compare the degree of implementation of the eleven quality management practices and their impact on different dimensions of competitive performance between two periods. Findings of this study highlight the stability and consistency of the Japanese quality management, which can be used as one of the strategic weapons for maintaining competitive advantage of Japanese manufacturing companies. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All right reserved.

Cusens J.,Applied Science Private University | Wright S.D.,University of Auckland | McBride P.D.,Applied Science Private University | Gillman L.N.,Applied Science Private University
Ecology | Year: 2012

The nature of the relationship between productivity and species richness has remained controversial for at least two decades. Recently authors have favored the suggestion that the form of this relationship is highly variable and scale dependent. However, this conclusion is not universally accepted. Here we present the results of a meta-analysis of animal productivity-species-richness relationships (PSRR) in terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems. Initially, 374 separate cases from 273 published studies were identified as potential tests of the animal PSRR. After critically assessing each study, 115 cases were accepted as robust tests of the relationship, and of these 95 had data available for formal meta-analysis. Contrary to expectation, we found no support for the form of the relationship being scale dependent; positive relationships predominated at all scales (geographical extents and grains). Furthermore, positive relationships were the most common form of the animal PSRR in both terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems and among vertebrates, invertebrates, homeotherms and poikilotherms. Therefore, our results also contrast with previous reviews that suggest no particular form of the PSRR is predominant. We demonstrate that the method used for classifying the form of PSRRs is critical to the result and that previous reviews may have been too liberal toward classifying the form of relationships as unimodal. The tendency for positive relationships between productivity and species richness across diverse animal taxa has important implications for understanding the mechanisms behind the latitudinal gradient in species richness. © 2012 by the Ecological Society of America.

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