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Mecibah M.S.,University of Mentouri Constantine | Boukelia T.E.,University of Mentouri Constantine | Tahtah R.,University of Mentouri Constantine | Gairaa K.,Applied Research Unit on Renewable Energies URAER
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2014

In this study, 11 empirical models are developed correlating the monthly mean daily global solar radiation on a horizontal surface with monthly mean sunshine records and air temperature data for six Algerian cities (Algiers, Oran, Batna, Ghardaia, Bechar, and Tamanrasset). In order to indicate their performance, seven statistical parameters were introduced; coefficient of determination (R2), mean percent error (MPE), mean absolute percent error (MAPE), mean bias error (MBE), mean absolute bias error (MABE), and root mean square error (RMSE). The results obtained in this study confirm the previous studies, which have indicated that the sunshine based models are generally more accurate than air temperature based models. According to the results, the best performances are obtained by the cubic and the quadratic regression models for the six Algerian stations. Moreover, these two regression models can be used for the proposed generalized models for predicting the monthly mean global solar radiation in other Algerian locations in the absence of the measured solar radiation data. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Chergui T.,Applied Research Unit on Renewable Energies URAER | Larbi S.,Polytechnic School of Algiers | Bouhdjar A.,Center for Development of Renewable Energies (CDER)
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2010

The purpose of the work presented in this study is related to heat transfer and airflow modelling analysis in solar chimneys, according to some dominant parameters. A typical case of application is given in this study. It consists in analyzing a natural laminar convective heat transfer problem taking place in a chimney. Heat transfer and fluid dynamic aspects of the airflow, through an axis symmetric system in a dimensionless form, with well defined boundary conditions is thus examined. Results are related to the temperature distribution and the velocity field in the chimney and in the collector, determined by solving the energy equation, and the Navier-Stokes equations, using finite volume method. The numerical code based on this modelling is validated through the Vahl Davis benchmark solution for natural convection and to other authors for other cases. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Larbi S.,Polytechnic School of Algiers | Bouhdjar A.,Center for Development of Renewable Energies (CDER) | Chergui T.,Applied Research Unit on Renewable Energies URAER
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2010

In this paper, we present the performance analysis of a solar chimney power plant expected to provide the remote villages located in Algerian southwestern region with electric power. Solar energy and the psychometric state of the air in the south of Algeria are important to encourage the full development of solar chimney power plant for the thermal and electrical production of energy for various uses. We are interested in Adrar where solar radiation is better than other areas of Algeria. The obtained results show that the solar chimney power plant can produce from 140 to 200 kW of electricity on a site like Adrar during the year, according to an estimate made on the monthly average of sunning. This production is sufficient for the needs of the isolated areas. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Aksas M.,Applied Energy Physics Laboratory LPEA | Gama A.,Applied Research Unit on Renewable Energies URAER
Energy Procedia | Year: 2011

Due to several climate changes caused by greenhouse gas and to the increasing need for clean energies, scientists drew attention to renewable energy sources, which are the most suitable solution in the future. Sparsely populated and flat open terrains observed in Batna region (North East of Algeria) and its semi-arid climate, make it a promising region for the development of solar and wind energies. In this article, we analyzed ten years of daily wind speed data in a remote area of Batna: Mustafa Ben Boulaid Airport. Wind power availability, as well as annual mean values of wind speed and power, were estimated. Frequency distribution of daily totals of wind speed data were counted and illustrated too. The results have been used to estimate net energy output of different wind turbines. This simulation shows a difference in wind generators production and allows us to choose the best wind turbine adapted to site conditions. Since solar and wind energy resources may be used to compensate each other, we evaluated also the solar potential of the same area. © 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Source


Bakelli Y.,Applied Research Unit on Renewable Energies URAER | Hadj Arab A.,Center for Development of Renewable Energies (CDER) | Azoui B.,University of Batna
Solar Energy | Year: 2011

This paper recommends an optimal sizing model, to optimize the capacity sizes of different components of photovoltaic water pumping system (PWPS) using water tank storage. The recommended model takes into account the submodels of the pumping system and uses two optimization criteria, the loss of power supply probability (LPSP) concept for the reliability and the life cycle cost (LCC) for the economic evaluation. With this presented model, the sizing optimization of photovoltaic pumping system can be achieved technically and economically according to the system reliability requirements. The methodology adopted proposes various procedures based on the water consumption profiles, total head, tank capacity and photovoltaic array peak power. A case study is conducted to analyze one photovoltaic pumping project, which is designed to supply drinking water in remote and scattered small villages situated in Ghardaia, Algeria (32°29′N, 3°40′E, 450. m). © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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