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Albuquerque, NM, United States

Cremers D.,Applied Research Associates Inc.
Spectrochimica Acta - Part B Atomic Spectroscopy | Year: 2013

LIBS did not appear de novo in 1962, but was built upon accomplishments of the past. These started with very old concepts of indivisible units (atomos), chemical and physical experiments and theoretical advances that took place in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the development of the laser, the discovery of gas breakdown, and the realization of the application to spectrochemistry. We sketch the historical developments and focus as well on the advances in LIBS methodology and instrumentation over the past 50 years, culminating with a synopsis of the LIBS 2012 Conference in Luxor, Egypt. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Grady D.E.,Applied Research Associates Inc.
International Journal of Fracture | Year: 2010

The shatter of a cherished wine glass on impact with the kitchen tile, the spallation in the high-energy collision of atomic nuclei, the fragmentation of the Shoemaker-Levi comet on passage of the Roche limit of the Jovian gravitational field, collectively span vast length scales, yet are each examples of dynamic fragmentation with a number of commonalities. In the above examples, as well as many other dynamic fragmentation events, the consequence is the breakage of the body into some number of fragments that are distributed over size. At the heart of a satisfactory theory is the prediction of the number of fragments and the statistical distribution of these fragments over size. A theory based on energy principles is found to provide length scales that govern both the characteristic fragment size and the distribution spread. Fundamental failure and fracture properties of the material are central in determining the nature of the fragment size distribution. Fragment size distributions can range from relatively tight exponential functions to power-law relations spanning a number of decades in fragment size. The fragment distribution and the dynamic fracture processes leading to power-law distributions bear striking similarities to hydrodynamic turbulence. Onset of fracture asymptotes to a range of length scales in which destruction is self-similar and fractal, requiring that consequences, including the fragment size distributions, exhibit a power-law dependence on the length scale. The theory is described and supporting experimental evidence is provided. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.


Patent
Applied Research Associates Inc. | Date: 2015-08-21

The described technology regards an augmented reality system and method for estimating a position of a location of interest relative to the position and orientation of a display, using a forward buffer to store current and predicted position estimates calculated by the methods of the present invention. Systems of the described technology include including a plurality of sensors, a processing module or other computation means, and a database. Methods of the described technology use data from the sensor package useful to accurately render graphical user interface information on a display.


Patent
Applied Research Associates Inc. | Date: 2015-08-21

The described technology regards an augmented reality system and method for estimating a position of a location of interest relative to the position and orientation of a display, including a retroactive update to a previously rendered estimate of the position of the orientation of the display stored in a rewind buffer. Systems of the described technology include including a plurality of sensors, a processing module or other computation means, and a database. Methods of the described technology use data from the sensor package useful to accurately render graphical user interface information on a display.


Patent
Applied Research Associates Inc. | Date: 2015-08-21

The described technology regards an augmented reality system and method for estimating a position of a location of interest relative to the position and orientation of a display based upon a retroactive adjustment of a previously rendered position and orientation of the display, by means of an adjust-update-predict (AUP) cycle, and calculating the location of interest relative to the position and orientation of the display. Systems of the described technology include including a plurality of sensors, a processing module or other computation means, and a database. Methods of the described technology use data from the sensor package useful to accurately render graphical user interface information on a display.

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