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Agoramoorthy G.,Tajen University | Sarnaik J.,Applied Environmental Research Foundation | Mungikar R.,Applied Environmental Research Foundation | Punde S.,Applied Environmental Research Foundation | Hsu M.J.,National Sun Yat - sen University
GCB Bioenergy | Year: 2012

The impending climate change crisis has stimulated enormous interest in the development of biofuel globally. The supporters of biofuel hail that it is naturally carbon-neutral whereas the critiques argue that the large-scale plantations and production of biofuel based on Jatropha can not only strain agricultural resources but also threaten future food security. India's subsistence farmers are often faced with challenges and constraints of poverty. Foremost among the challenges are the marginal environmental conditions for agriculture often influenced by erratic rainfall, drought, poor soil quality, and unreliable irrigation water supply. In this article, we have presented a case study on the potential to use nonedible seeds from naturally occurring tree species, Calophyllum inophyllum to meet the increasing demand for biofuel production in India. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Takahashi Y.,University of Kent | Verissimo D.,University of Kent | MacMillan D.C.,University of Kent | Godbole A.,Applied Environmental Research Foundation
Human Dimensions of Wildlife | Year: 2012

Flagship species are often key in marketing ecotourism. Such flagships, however, are frequently perceived differently by local communities and tourists, which could undermine the function of flagships in conservation. This article investigated the differences between locals' and tourists' perceptions about potential bird and tree flagships in sacred groves in the north Western Ghats, India, by surveying 154 villagers and 148 tourists. Tourists generally appreciated aesthetic value, but villagers had species-specific views that incorporate use, cultural, and aesthetic values of these species. The results imply that the views of tourists potentially complement the existing values of these species for villagers by promoting ecotourism. Our results suggest the importance of considering both tourists' and locals' perspectives if conservationists aim to promote ecotourism using flagships, and if they are to harness the support of local communities and strive for both biological and social sustainability. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

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