Applied Biosystems is one of the various brands under the Life Technologies brand of Thermo Fisher Scientific corporation. The brand is focused on integrated systems for genetic analysis, which include computerized machines and the consumables used within them .In 2008, a merger between Applied Biosystems and Invitrogen was finalized, creating Life Technologies. The latter was acquired by Thermo Fisher Scientific in 2014. Prior to 2008, the Applied Biosystems brand was owned by various entities in a corporate group parented by PerkinElmer. The roots of Applied Biosystems trace back to GeneCo , a pioneer biotechnology company founded in 1981 in Foster City, California. Through the 1980s and early 1990s, Applied Biosystems, Inc operated independently and manufactured biochemicals and automated genetic engineering and diagnostic research instruments, including the principal brand of DNA sequencing machine used by the Human Genome Project consortium centers. Applied Biosystems' close ties to the consortium project led to the idea for the founding of Celera Genomics in 1998 as one of several independent competitors to the consortium.In 1993 Applied Biosystems, Inc was delisted from the NASDAQ when it was acquired by the old company known then as Perkin-Elmer . As the PE Applied Biosystems Division under that parent in 1998, it became consolidated with other acquisitions as the primary PE Biosystems Division. In 1999 its parent company reorganized and changed its name to PE Corporation, and the PE Biosystems Group again became publicly traded, as a tracking stock of its parent, along with its sister tracking stock company, Celera Genomics. In 2000 the parent became Applera Corporation. The Applied Biosystems name also returned that year, in the name change of the tracking stock from PE Biosystems Group to Applera Corporation-Applied Biosystems Group , an S&P 500 company, which remains as a publicly traded operating group within Applera Corp., along with its sibling operating group, Applera Corporation-Celera Group. Applera derives its name from the combination of its two component groups' names, Applera In November 2008, a merger between Applied Biosystems and Invitrogen was finalized "creating a global leader in biotechnology reagents and systems". The new company is called Life Technologies. Wikipedia.
Applied Biosystems | Date: 2016-12-12
Biological reagent carrier devices and methods are disclosed, which employ RFID techniques to associate information with biological reagents.
Applied Biosystems | Date: 2016-10-14
A device for amplifying a nucleic acid sample may include a sample holder configured to receive a nucleic acid sample, a heating system configured to raise the temperature of the sample, a cooling system configured to lower the temperature of the sample, and a controller configured to operably control the heating system and the cooling system to cycle the device through a desired time-temperature profile. The cooling system may include at least one heat pipe and a heat sink and the at least one heat pipe may include a first portion disposed proximate to the sample holder and a second portion disposed proximate to the heat sink.
Applied Biosystems | Date: 2016-10-12
The present invention provides methods for determining a nucleic acid sequence by performing successive cycles of duplex extension along a single stranded template. The cycles comprise steps of extension, ligation, and, preferably, cleavage. In certain embodiments the methods make use of extension probes containing phosphorothiolate linkages and employ agents appropriate to cleave such linkages. The invention provides methods of determining information about a sequence using at least two distinguishably labeled probe families. In certain embodiments the methods acquire less than 2 bits of information from each of a plurality of nucleotides in the template in each cycle. In certain embodiments the sequencing reactions are performed on templates attached to immobilized beads. The invention further provides sets of labeled extension probes containing phosphorothiolate linkages In addition, the invention includes performing multiple sequencing reactions on a single template by removing initializing oligonucleotides and extended strands and performing subsequent reactions using different initializing oligonucleotides.
Applied Biosystems | Date: 2016-08-19
The present disclosure relates to methods of identifying target nucleic acids by using coded molecules and its analysis by translocation through a nanopore. Generally, coded molecules are subject to a target polynucleotide dependent modification. The modified coded molecule is detected by isolating the modified coded molecules from the unmodified coded molecules prior to analysis through the nanopore or by detecting a change in the signal pattern of the coded molecule when analyzed through the nanopore.
Applied Biosystems | Date: 2016-08-17
Methods and materials are disclosed for use in simultaneously amplifying at least 11 specific STR loci of genomic DNA in a single multiplex reaction, as are methods and materials for use in the analysis of the products of such reactions. Included in the present invention are materials and methods for the simultaneous amplification of 16 specific loci in a single multiplex reaction, comprising the 10 AmpFISTR^() SGMplus^() STR loci, the Amelogenin locus, and 5 new STR loci, including methods and materials for the analysis of these loci.
Applied Biosystems | Date: 2016-03-07
Applied Biosystems | Date: 2016-05-16
Aspects of the present teachings describe a method and apparatus for automatically controlling a block temperature to reduce undershooting and overshooting of the temperatures of a sample contained in the block and participating in a polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The adaptive thermal block temperature control begins when a sample temperature enters a sample window region between a preliminary setpoint temperature and a target setpoint temperature for the sample. Based on thermodynamic behavior of the sample and the predetermined phase of PCR, predicting a time period measured subsequent to the preliminary setpoint temperature when the sample will reach the target setpoint suitable for the predetermined phase of PCR. During this time period, varying the block temperature ramp rate with a series of cooling and heating changes to ensure the block temperature reaches the target setpoint temperature at approximately the same time as the sample reaches the same. Synchronizing the block temperature and sample temperature to the target setpoint temperature reduces undershooting and overshooting of the sample temperature and increases the speed and efficiency of the overall PCR process as it relates to the thermal cycling operations.
Applied Biosystems | Date: 2016-02-12
The present teachings provide methods, compositions, and kits for nucleic acid amplification. In some embodiments of the present teachings, amplification reactions are performed with at least one high stability primer. In some embodiments, the present teachings provide a method comprising a high stability primer for amplification of a nucleic acid sequence in a sample comprising a target nucleic acid sequence and a PCR inhibitor.
Applied Biosystems | Date: 2016-01-19
The disclosure relates to the areas of immunology and vaccine delivery. More specifically, it relates to a bacterial vaccine delivery technology with built-in immunostimulatory properties which allow the immobilization of any antigen of interest, without prior antigen modification. Provided is an antigen-loaded immunogenic carrier complex comprising at least one bifunctional polypeptide attached to an immunogenic carrier, the bifunctional polypeptide comprising a peptidoglycan binding domain (PBD) through which the polypeptide is attached to the carrier, fused to an antigen binding domain (ABD) to which at least one antigen of interest is bound. Also described is a pharmaceutical (e.g., vaccine) composition comprising an antigen-loaded immunogenic carrier complex.
Applied Biosystems | Date: 2016-01-18
System for detection and/or analysis of nucleic acids using nanowires to detect covalent modification of nucleic acids.