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Reyes-Izquierdo T.,Applied BioClinical Inc. | Nemzer B.,FutureCeuticals Inc. | Shu C.,Applied BioClinical Inc. | Huynh L.,Applied BioClinical Inc. | And 3 more authors.
British Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2013

The present single-dose study was performed to assess the effect of whole coffee fruit concentrate powder (WCFC), green coffee caffeine powder (N677), grape seed extract powder (N31) and green coffee bean extract powder (N625) on blood levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Randomly assorted groups of fasted subjects consumed a single, 100 mg dose of each material. Plasma samples were collected at time zero (T 0) and at 30 min intervals afterwards, up to 120 min. A total of two control groups were included: subjects treated with silica dioxide (as placebo) or with no treatment. The collected data revealed that treatments with N31 and N677 increased levels of plasma BDNF by about 31 % under these experimental conditions, whereas treatment with WCFC increased it by 143 % (n 10), compared with baseline. These results indicate that WCFC could be used for modulation of BDNF-dependent health conditions. However, larger clinical studies are needed to support this possibility. © 2013 The Authors.

Wybraniec S.,Cracow University of Technology | Starzak K.,Cracow University of Technology | Skopinska A.,Cracow University of Technology | Nemzer B.,FutureCeuticals Inc. | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2013

A comprehensive nonenzymatic oxidation mechanism in betanin plant pigment as well as its derivatives, 2-decarboxybetanin, 17-decarboxybetanin, 2,17-bidecarboxybetanin, and neobetanin, in the presence of ABTS cation radicals was investigated by LC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS. The main compounds formed during the first step of betanin and 2-decarboxybetanin oxidation are 2-decarboxy-2,3- dehydrobetanin and 2-decarboxyneobetanin, respectively. In contrast to betanin, the reaction mechanism for 2-decarboxybetanin includes more oxidation pathways. Parallel transformation of 2-decarboxybetanin quinone methide produces neoderivatives according to an alternative reaction that omits the presumably more stabile intermediate 2-decarboxy-2,3-dehydrobetanin. The main oxidation product after the first reaction step for both 17-decarboxybetanin and 2,17-bidecarboxybetanin is 2,17-decarboxy-2,3-dehydrobetanin. This product is formed through irreversible decarboxylation of the 17-decarboxybetanin quinone methide or by oxidation of 2,17-bidecarboxybetanin. Oxidation of neobetanin results primarily in a formation of 2-decarboxy-2,3-dehydroneobetanin by a decarboxylative transformation of the formed neobetanin quinone methide. The elucidated reaction scheme will be useful in interpretation of redox activities of betalains in biological tissues and food preparations. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

Reyes-Izquierdo T.,Applied BioClinical Inc. | Hammond L.E.,Applied BioClinical Inc. | Sikorski R.S.,FutureCeuticals Inc. | Nemzer B.,FutureCeuticals Inc. | Pietrzkowski Z.,Applied BioClinical Inc.
Current Topics in Nutraceutical Research | Year: 2011

Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were used as a biological model to measure intracellular ATP (iATP) reactive oxygen species (ROS), Oxygen Consumption Rate (OCR) and extracellular acidification rate (ECAR), in response to acute ex vivo treatments with HH2o. "HH2o", a fermented, food-based material commercially marketed as "Mitochroma™ has been identified as a potential modulator of iATP, OCR and ROS in these cells. PBMC were exposed to HH2O (0.1, 0.01 and 0.001% w/v) and Carbonyl-cyanide p-trifluoro-methoxyphenyl-hydrazone (FCCP) or Oligomycin, two known modulators of mitochondrial activity were used as controls. Results showed that treatment of the cells with HH2O resulted in increase of iA TP up to 220% and reduction of iADP by up to 40% while iROS levels remained unchanged. At the same time, OCR level was increased up to 24% compared to initial baseline. These results suggest that HH2O acts similarly to uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) when induced and that it may have potential use in developing health-promoting products. These results support the use of freshly isolated human PBMCs as an experimental ex vivo model to detect the effects of nutraceutical products on dynamic cell metabolites, such as oxygen consumption, ATP, ADP and ROS. Copyright © 2011 by New Century Health Publishers, LLC.

Nemzer B.V.,FutureCeuticals Inc. | Rodriguez L.C.,NutraClinical Inc. | Hammond L.,NutraClinical Inc. | Disilvestro R.,Ohio State University | And 2 more authors.
Nutrition Journal | Year: 2011

Background: Measuring the effects of the acute intake of natural products on human biomarker concentrations, such as those related to oxidation and inflammation, can be an advantageous strategy for early clinical research on an ingredient or product. Methods. 31 total healthy subjects were randomized in a double-blinded, placebo-controlled, acute pilot study with post-hoc subgroup analysis on 20 of the subjects. The study examined the effects of a single dose of a polyphenol-rich beverage (PRB), commercially marketed as "SoZo ", on serum anti-inflammatory and antioxidant markers. In addition, phytochemical analyses of PRB, and in vitro antioxidant capacity were also performed. Results: At 1 hour post-intake, serum values for 8-iso-PGF2-alpha and advanced oxidation protein products decreased significantly by 40% and 39%, respectively. Additionally, there was a trend toward decreased C-reactive protein, and increased nitric oxide levels. Both placebo and PRB treatment resulted in statistically significant increases in hydroxyl radical antioxidant capacity (HORAC) compared to baseline; PRB showed a higher percent change (55-75% versus 23-74% in placebo group), but the two groups did not differ significantly from each other. Conclusions: PRB produced statistically significant changes in several blood biomarkers related to antioxidant/anti-inflammatory effects. Future studies are justified to verify results and test for cumulative effects of repeated intakes of PRB. The study demonstrates the potential utility of acute biomarker measurements for evaluating antioxidant/anti-inflammatory effects of natural products. © 2011 Nemzer et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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