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This report studies sales (consumption) of Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate in Europe market, especially in Germany, UK, France, Russia, Italy, Benelux and Spain, focuses on top players in these countries, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player in these Countries, covering BASF Transpek-Silox Zhongcheng Chemical AZ chemicals Cathay Chemical TCP Suvidhi CNSG Shandong Jinhe Hubei Yihua Zhejiang Jiacheng Shandong Shuangqiao Zhejiang Huidelong Wujiang Jingrui View Full Report With Complete TOC, List Of Figure and Table: http://globalqyresearch.com/europe-sodium-hydrosulfite-concentrate-market-report-2016 Market Segment by Countries, this report splits Europe into several key Countries, with sales (consumption), revenue, market share and growth rate of Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate in these countries, from 2011 to 2021 (forecast), like Germany France UK Russia Italy Spain Benelux Split by product type, with sales, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, can be divided into Type I Type II Type III Split by application, this report focuses on sales, market share and growth rate of Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate in each application, can be divided into Industry Application Biological Sciences Application Geosciences Application Photography Application Laboratory Application Other Applications Europe Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Market Report 2016 1 Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Overview 1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate 1.2 Classification of Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate 1.2.1 Type I 1.2.2 Type II 1.2.3 Type III 1.3 Application of Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate 1.3.1 Industry Application 1.3.2 Biological Sciences Application 1.3.3 Geosciences Application 1.3.4 Photography Application 1.3.5 Laboratory Application 1.3.6 Other Applications 1.4 Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Market by Countries 1.4.1 Germany Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.2 France Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.3 UK Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.4 Russia Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.5 Italy Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.6 Spain Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.7 Benelux Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.5 Europe Market Size (Value and Volume) of Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate (2011-2021) 1.5.1 Europe Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 1.5.2 Europe Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 10 Europe Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Manufacturers Analysis 10.1 BASF 10.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.1.2 Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Product Type, Application and Specification 10.1.2.1 Type I 10.1.2.2 Type II 10.1.3 BASF Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.1.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.2 Transpek-Silox 10.2.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.2.2 Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Product Type, Application and Specification 10.2.2.1 Type I 10.2.2.2 Type II 10.2.3 Transpek-Silox Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.2.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.3 Zhongcheng Chemical 10.3.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.3.2 Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Product Type, Application and Specification 10.3.2.1 Type I 10.3.2.2 Type II 10.3.3 Zhongcheng Chemical Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.4 AZ chemicals 10.4.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.4.2 Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Product Type, Application and Specification 10.4.2.1 Type I 10.4.2.2 Type II 10.4.3 AZ chemicals Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.4.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.5 Cathay Chemical 10.5.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.5.2 Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Product Type, Application and Specification 10.5.2.1 Type I 10.5.2.2 Type II 10.5.3 Cathay Chemical Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.5.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.6 TCP 10.6.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.6.2 Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Product Type, Application and Specification 10.6.2.1 Type I 10.6.2.2 Type II 10.6.3 TCP Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.6.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.7 Suvidhi 10.7.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.7.2 Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Product Type, Application and Specification 10.7.2.1 Type I 10.7.2.2 Type II 10.7.3 Suvidhi Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.7.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.8 CNSG 10.8.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.8.2 Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Product Type, Application and Specification 10.8.2.1 Type I 10.8.2.2 Type II 10.8.3 CNSG Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.8.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.9 Shandong Jinhe 10.9.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.9.2 Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Product Type, Application and Specification 10.9.2.1 Type I 10.9.2.2 Type II 10.9.3 Shandong Jinhe Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.9.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.10 Hubei Yihua 10.10.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.10.2 Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Product Type, Application and Specification 10.10.2.1 Type I 10.10.2.2 Type II 10.10.3 Hubei Yihua Sodium Hydrosulfite Concentrate Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.10.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.11 Zhejiang Jiacheng 10.12 Shandong Shuangqiao 10.13 Zhejiang Huidelong 10.14 Wujiang Jingrui Global QYResearch ( http://globalqyresearch.com/ ) is the one spot destination for all your research needs. Global QYResearch holds the repository of quality research reports from numerous publishers across the globe. Our inventory of research reports caters to various industry verticals including Healthcare, Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Technology and Media, Chemicals, Materials, Energy, Heavy Industry, etc. With the complete information about the publishers and the industries they cater to for developing market research reports, we help our clients in making purchase decision by understanding their requirements and suggesting best possible collection matching their needs.


Ratnam J.V.,Research Institute for Global Change | Ratnam J.V.,Application Laboratory | Behera S.K.,Research Institute for Global Change | Behera S.K.,Application Laboratory | And 5 more authors.
Climate Dynamics | Year: 2012

The main aim of this paper is to evaluate the Advanced Research Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) regional model in simulating the precipitation over southern Africa during austral summer. The model's ability to reproduce the southern African mean climate and its variability around this mean state was evaluated by using the two-tier approach of specifying sea surface temperature (SST) to WRF and by using the one-tier approach of coupling the WRF with a simple mixed-layer ocean model. The boundary conditions provided by the reanalysis-II data were used for the simulations. Model experiments were conducted for twelve austral summers from DJF1998-99 to DJF2009-10. The experiments using both the two-tier and one-tier approaches simulated the spatial and temporal distributions of the precipitation realistically. However, both experiments simulated negative biases over Mozambique. Furthermore, analysis of the wet and dry spells revealed that the one-tier approach is superior to the two-tier approach. Based on the analysis of the surface temperature and the zonal wind shear it is noted that the simple mixed-layer ocean model coupled to WRF can be effectively used in place of two-tier WRF to simulate the climate of southern Africa. This is an important result because specification of SST at higher temporal resolutions in the subtropics is the most difficult task in the two-tier approach for most regional prediction models. The one-tier approach with the simple mixed-layer model can effectively reduce the complicacy of finding good SST predictions. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.


Ratnam J.V.,Research Institute for Global Change | Ratnam J.V.,Application Laboratory | Behera S.K.,Research Institute for Global Change | Behera S.K.,Application Laboratory | And 6 more authors.
Climate Dynamics | Year: 2012

The winter months from December 2009 to February 2010 witnessed extreme conditions affecting lives of millions of people around the globe. During this winter, the El Niño Modoki in the tropical Pacific was a dominant climatic mode. In this study, exclusive impacts of the El Niño Modoki are evaluated with an Atmospheric General Circulation Model. Sensitivity experiments are conducted by selectively specifying anomalies of the observed sea surface temperature in the tropical Pacific. Observed data are also used in the diagnostics to trace the source of forced Rossby waves. Both the observational results and the model simulated results show that the heating associated with the El Niño Modoki in the central tropical Pacific accounted for most of the anomalous conditions observed over southern parts of North America, Europe and over most countries in the Southern Hemisphere viz. Uruguay. Unlike those, the model-simulated results suggest that the anomalously high precipitation observed over Australia and Florida might be associated with the narrow eastern Pacific heating observed during the season. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.


Ratna S.B.,University of Pune | Sikka D.R.,Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology | Dalvi M.,University of Pune | Venkata Ratnam J.,Research Institute for Global change | Venkata Ratnam J.,Application Laboratory
International Journal of Climatology | Year: 2011

This paper discusses the simulations of Indian summer monsoon (ISM) using a high-resolution National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) T170/L42 model for a 20-year period (1985-2004) with observed Sea Surface Temperature (SSTs) as boundary conditions and using five initial conditions in the first week of May. Good agreement is found between the observed and simulated climatologies. Interannual variability (IAV) of the ISM rainfall as simulated in individual ensemble members and as provided by ensemble average shows that the two series are found to agree well; however, the simulation of the actual observed year-to-year variability is poor. The model simulations do not show much skill in the simulation of drought and excess monsoon seasons. One aspect which has emerged from the study is that where dynamical seasonal prediction has specific base for the large areal and temporal averages, the technique is not to be stretched for application on short areal scale such as that of a cluster of a few grid point. Monsoon onset over Kerala (MOK) coast of India and advance from Kerala coast to northwest India is discussed based on ensemble average and individual ensemble member basis. It is suggested that the model is capable of realistically simulating these processes, particularly if ensemble average is used, as the intermember spread in the ensemble members is large. In short, the high-resolution model appears to provide better climatology and its magnitude of IAV, which compares favourably with observations, although year-to-year matching of the observed and simulated seasonal/monthly rainfall totals for India as a whole is not good. © 2010 Royal Meteorological Society.


Varlamov S.M.,Application Laboratory | Guo X.,Japan Agency for Marine - Earth Science and Technology | Miyama T.,Application Laboratory | Ichikawa K.,Research Institute for Applied Mechanics | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans | Year: 2015

We analyze a concurrent simulation result of the ocean circulation and tidal currents using a data-assimilative ocean general circulation model covering the Western North Pacific with horizontal resolution of 1/36° to investigate possible interactions between them. Four sites of active M2 internal tide variability in open ocean (hot spots), such as Tokara Strait, Izu Ridge, Luzon Strait, and Ogasawara Ridge, are detected from both the satellite observation and the simulation. Energy cycle analysis of the simulated M2 baroclinic tide indicates two types of the hot spots: dissipation (Tokara Strait and Izu Ridge) and radiation (Luzon Strait and Ogasawara Ridge) dominant sites. Energy conversion from barotropic to baroclinic M2 tides at the hot spots is modulated considerably by the lower-frequency changes in the density field. Modulation at the two spots (Tokara Strait and Izu Ridge) is affected by the Kuroshio path variation together with the seasonal variation of the shallow thermocline. At the other two sites, influence from changes in the relatively deep stratification through the Kuroshio intrusion into South China Sea (Luzon Strat) and mesoscale eddy activity (Ogasawara Ridge) is dominant in the modulation. © 2015. American Geophysical Union.


Ratna S.B.,Centro Euro Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici | Cherchi A.,Centro Euro Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici | Cherchi A.,Italian National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology | Joseph P.V.,Nansen Environmental Research Center India | And 4 more authors.
Climate Dynamics | Year: 2015

The Indo-Pacific Ocean (i.e. region between 30°E and 150°E) has been experiencing a warming since the 1950s. At the same time, the large-scale summer monsoon rainfall over India and the moisture over the East Africa/Arabian Sea are both decreasing. In this study, we intend to investigate how the decrease of moisture over the East Africa/Arabian Sea is related to the Indo-Pacific Ocean warming and how this could affect the variability of the Indian summer monsoon rainfall. We performed the analysis for the period 1951–2012 based on observed precipitation, sea surface temperature and atmospheric reanalysis products and we verified the robustness of the result by comparing different datasets. The decreasing trend of moisture over the East Africa/Arabian Sea coincides with an increasing trend of moisture over the western Pacific region. This is accompanied by the strengthening (weakening) of the upward motion over the western Pacific (East Africa/Arabian Sea) that, consequently, contributes to modulate the western Pacific-Indian Ocean Walker circulation. At the same time, the low-level westerlies are weakening over the peninsular India, thus contributing to the reduction of moisture transport towards India. Therefore, rainfall has decreased over the Western Ghats and central-east India. Contrary to previous decades, since 2003 moisture over the East Africa/Arabian Sea started to increase and this is accompanied by the strengthening of convection due to increased warming of sea surface temperature over the western Arabian Sea. Despite this moisture increase over the Arabian Sea, we found that moisture transport is still weakening over the Indian landmass in the very recent decade and this has been contributing to the decreased precipitation over the northeast India and southern part of the Western Ghats. © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg


Ratnam J.V.,Research Institute for Global Change | Behera S.K.,Research Institute for Global Change | Masumoto Y.,Research Institute for Global Change | Masumoto Y.,University of Tokyo | And 2 more authors.
Monthly Weather Review | Year: 2012

Remote effects due to the tropical disturbances in the north Indian Ocean are investigated by analyzing long-lasting ($5 days) tropical disturbances, which reached at least the strength of tropical storms. The present analysis is carried out for both the pre- and postmonsoon periods. The spatial and temporal distribution of the outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) during the premonsoon disturbances over the Bay of Bengal reveals several interesting features. Temporal distribution of the OLR anomalies shows that the intraseasonal oscillations play an important role in the formation of those disturbances. The spatial distribution of the OLR anomalies shows a dipole with negative OLR anomalies over the bay and positive OLR anomalies over the Indonesian region. The atmospheric response to the negative OLR anomalies results in positive temperature anomalies over northwest India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, and Saudi Arabia, remote from the disturbance; and the response to the positive anomalies causes slight increase in the sea surface temperature of the Arabian Sea. NegativeOLRanomalies are also seen over western Japan due to the Rossby waves generated by the heating over the Bay of Bengal besides the enhancement of the so-called "Pacific-Japan" teleconnection pattern. However, the analysis shows that the postmonsoon disturbances over the Bay of Bengal and the disturbances formed over the Arabian Sea in both pre- and postmonsoon seasons do not develop remote teleconnections associated with the above type of Rossby wave mechanism. These results are significant for the short- to medium-range weather forecast over a wide range covering Japan, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, and Saudi Arabia. ©2012 American Meteorological Society.


Tanizaki C.,University of Tokyo | Tozuka T.,University of Tokyo | Tozuka T.,Application Laboratory | Doi T.,Application Laboratory | Yamagata T.,Application Laboratory
Climate Dynamics | Year: 2016

Using outputs from an ocean general circulation model, the relative importance of the processes contributing to the development of the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) is examined systematically based on two metrics. One metric quantifies the relative importance of the surface heat flux term against the oceanic terms, while the other metric compares the contribution from the horizontal advection and vertical diabatic terms. It is revealed that the anomalous cooling in the eastern tropical Indian Ocean associated with the positive IOD varies with events and four representative events are investigated in more detail. During the 1991 IOD, the horizontal advection term made the largest contribution to the eastern cooling, and the vertical diabatic term was equally important in the early stage of the development. In the 1994 event, negative SST anomalies were generated by the surface heat flux term at first, and then matured by the vertical diabatic term. Anomalous cooling during the 1997 IOD was mainly produced by the vertical diabatic term. In 2012, anomalous surface heat flux and horizontal advection played the crucial role in the development of the eastern pole, but the vertical diabatic term opposed to the anomalous cooling. Furthermore, the dependence of the seasonal prediction skill by a global ocean–atmosphere coupled general circulation model on the generation mechanisms was examined. It is demonstrated that events with the vertical diabatic term playing a more important role in the development of the eastern pole are better predicted than those with the vertical diabatic term making relatively small contribution or opposing the occurrence. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg


Richter I.,Application Laboratory | Xie S.-P.,University of California at San Diego | Morioka Y.,Application Laboratory | Doi T.,Application Laboratory | And 3 more authors.
Climate Dynamics | Year: 2016

The equatorial Atlantic is marked by significant interannual variability in sea-surface temperature (SST) that is phase-locked to late boreal spring and early summer. The role of the atmosphere in this phase locking is examined using observations, reanalysis data, and model output. The results show that equatorial zonal surface wind anomalies, which are a main driver of warm and cold events, typically start decreasing in June, despite SST and sea-level pressure gradient anomalies being at their peak during this month. This behavior is explained by the seasonal northward migration of the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) in early summer. The north-equatorial position of the Atlantic ITCZ contributes to the decay of wind anomalies in three ways: (1) horizontal advection associated with the cross-equatorial winds transports air masses of comparatively low zonal momentum anomalies from the southeast toward the equator. (2) The absence of deep convection leads to changes in vertical momentum transport that reduce the equatorial wind anomalies at the surface, while anomalies aloft remain relatively strong. (3) The cross-equatorial flow is associated with increased total wind speed, which increases surface drag and deposit of momentum into the ocean. Previous studies have shown that convection enhances the surface wind response to SST anomalies. The present study indicates that convection also amplifies the surface zonal wind response to sea-level pressure gradients in the western equatorial Atlantic, where SST anomalies are small. This introduces a new element into coupled air-sea interaction of the tropical Atlantic. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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