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Pharr, TX, United States

Burke A.F.,Kansas State University | Leavengood J.M.,APHIS PPQ | Zolnerowich G.,Kansas State University

This checklist presents the distribution of the checkered beetle subfamily Tillinae (Coleoptera: Cleridae) in the New World. Information for 164 species and 2 subspecies from 11 genera is included. The data are based on an extensive survey of material collected throughout the Americas, descriptions of new species, a number of revisionary works, data from museum specimens, as well as unpublished checklists. Cymatodera, the most speciose tilline genus in the New World, has its greatest diversity in Mexico where 100 of the 134 recognized species are known to occur. Remaining genera inhabiting the New World and corresponding species numbers are: Araeodontia, 5 species; Barrotillus, 1 species; Bogcia, 2 species; Bostrichoclerus, 1 species; Callotillus, 5 species; Cylidrus, 1 species; Cymatoderella, 3 species; Lecontella, 3 species; Monophylla, 4 species; and Onychotillus, 5 species. An illustrated key to the genera of the New World Tillinae is provided. Forty-eight new country records are given for 35 species. References are presented for all species listed. Distribution maps for all New World genera are provided and locality data is presented for selected species. © 2015 Magnolia Press. Source

Nirmala X.,University of Florida | Nirmala X.,Center for Medical | Olson S.R.,APHIS PPQ | Holler T.C.,APHIS PPQ | And 2 more authors.

Field population surveillance of a targeted insect pest species is critical in evaluating management programs such as the sterile insect technique. Fluorescent powder dyes currently used to distinguish released tephritids from the field population are not optimal in terms of reliability and human health issues. Genetically transformed tephritid species present the possibility of using fluorescent transgenes for marking. Here we studied the stability of DsRed fluorescence in transgenic flies maintained in aqueous torula yeast borax and propylene glycol. DsRed was stable in both solutions for three weeks by visual microscopic observations and could be used to unambiguously distinguish them from non-fluorescent wild type flies. To compensate for any potential ambiguity in visual identification a diagnostic PCR was developed that could specifically amplify the exotic heterologous marker gene. Therefore, the use of sterile transgenic insect strains carrying stably integrated fluorescent protein marker genes in biologically-based control programs could greatly improve released fly identification in pest management programs. © 2011 International Organization for Biological Control (outside the USA). Source

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