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Tyl B.,APESA | Lizarralde I.,ESTIA Recherche | Allais R.,University of Technology of Troyes
Procedia CIRP | Year: 2015

Design has a great role to play in sustainability. Interesting progresses has been performed within the last decades. Nevertheless, some issues of sustainability, and their impact on design, remains poorly studied. Specifically, when it comes to the field of local value creation, the literature in design is still limited. However, the Local Value Creation (LVC) thinking can be a great insight for designers to develop more ecoinnovative concepts, through new product design, new services and new business models. In order to go towards this direction, it is necessary to include new variables that are rarely considered in design processes such as the local workforce, sustainable local resources or the customization of the new product or service for local customers. This paper proposes a better understanding of the relation between eco-design approaches and LVC, and more precisely how current eco-design approaches consider this issue. To do so, a first part introduces the Local Value Creation concept and its challenges for sustainability. Then, a second part focuses on a literature review to understand how the LVC dimension is studied in the eco-design process. This will lead in a third section to concretely characterize how eco-design approaches and tools consider LCV issue. A last section proposes to identify potential contradiction between the LVC and the eco-design concept, in order to draw first outlines of a new eco-design paradigm with a Local Value Creation dimension. © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.

Ha-Duong M.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Gaultier M.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Deguillebon B.,APESA
Energy Procedia | Year: 2011

This text describes the social aspects of Total's CO2 integrated capture, transport and storage pilot project in southwestern France, from the initial press conference February 8th, 2007 to the formal opening in January 2010. The economic and social context was favorable. The company conducted a significant outreach campaign. It was followed by an effective involvement of stakeholders, if not of the general public, through a formal continuous deliberation process led by the public authorities. © 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Badey L.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Torrijos M.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Sousbie P.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Pouech P.,APESA | Bosque F.,French National Center for Scientific Research
OCL - Oleagineux Corps Gras Lipides | Year: 2012

The productions of vegetable oil and methyl esters of vegetable oil lead to the generation of a lot of by-products. The purpose of this work was to study an alternative solution for a profitable use of vegetable oil by-products: anaerobic digestion. The potential for anaerobic digestion of 24 by-products was studied. The results show that most of oil by-products had a good capacity for anaerobic digestion. Then, the effects of the addition of oil by-products on the behavior of one reactor treating a mixture of grass, cow manure and fruit and vegetable waste and another reactor treating household waste were investigated. Most of the by-products tested improved significantly the production of methane indicating that the addition of by-products from oil production could represent a significant financial earning for the digester operators. Discussions are in progress involving oil producers and biogas plant operators to assess the opportunity of supporting the addition of by-products from oil refining in their facilities. A first evaluation of the costs and potential benefits of by-product treatment was performed. These costs should be reviewed in line with the increased development of anaerobic digestion and the expected benefits due to the digestion of by-products.

Tyl B.,APESA | Legardeur J.,ESTIA | Legardeur J.,University of Bordeaux 1 | Millet D.,Avenue Of Luniversite | Vallet F.,Compiegne University of Technology
Journal of Engineering Design | Year: 2014

Today the challenges of sustainable development require new products, services or uses to be developed within the framework of an eco-innovation process integrating environmental and societal approaches. Creating such offers can be sometimes based upon using eco-innovation tools that focus on the idea generation phase and ideation mechanisms that allow stakeholders to redefine problems and develop new eco-creative concepts. This paper is focused on the comparison of the ideation mechanisms during the idea generation phase of eco-innovative concepts, called the eco-ideation phase. For this, it describes a set of academic and industrial studies taking into account the different ideation mechanisms. The tests compare an adapted creativity tool with existing eco-innovation tools regarding their performances during eco-ideation phases. In a second step, additional case studies are performed with the adapted creativity tool for eco-innovation, to assess whether this performance is maintained in various contexts and with various participants (in knowledge and skills). The results showed that the use of appropriate ideation mechanisms ensures a constant rate of idea generation throughout the eco-ideation session and a wide variety of ideas generated. © 2015, © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

Tyl B.,APESA | Legardeur J.,ESTIA | Millet D.,Supmeca | Vallet F.,UTC Roberval Laboratory
Green Design, Materials and Manufacturing Processes - Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Intelligent Manufacturing, SIM 2013 | Year: 2013

Today the challenges of sustainable development require new offers and new uses to be developed within the framework of an eco-innovation process integrating environmental and societal approaches. The aim of this paper is to present the final result of a three year research about the advantages of using creativity tools to foster new concept and idea generation phases during eco-innovation processes. To do so, this paper describes an eco-innovation tool based on the modification of the creativity tool ASIT in the perspective to answer to the challenges and issues raised by sustainable development. Also, by using state of the art in eco-innovation tools, we propose a strategy for adapting the ASIT tool for eco-innovation. This adaptation concerns the preparatory stage, when the group needs to formulate the initial problem, and the eco-ideation stage, when ideas and concepts have to be generated in a sustainable way. This research confirms the need to better support the ideation phase of eco-innovation processes. More generally this paper shows that the eco-innovation processes require stimulation mechanisms in order to lead to more efficient eco-innovations in all the aspects of sustainable development. © 2013 Taylor & Francis Group.

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