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Lauzacco, Italy

Calcagno A.,Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology | Londero A.P.,Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology | Haag T.,Service of Obstetrics and Gynecology | Driul L.,Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology | And 4 more authors.
Minimally Invasive Therapy and Allied Technologies

Objective: We sought to study the advantages of laparoscopic conservative treatment and pelvic reproductive surgery in patients with ectopic pregnancy and predisposing factors of tuboperitoneal infertility. Material and methods: Patients who had undergone laparoscopic treatment for ectopic pregnancy were considered, with factors for tuboperitoneal infertility, while patients who underwent previous salpingectomy or assisted reproductive technology were excluded. The groups treated by salpingotomy (conservative) or salpingectomy (radical) were compared in terms of spontaneous intrauterine pregnancy rate, cumulative one-year pregnancy rate and recurrence of ectopic pregnancy. We considered patients treated with adhesiolysis, fimbrioplasty, and neosalpingostomy for tubal pathology as part of the fertility surgery group. Results: Among 41 considered patients, 21 (51%) underwent conservative laparoscopic management of ectopic pregnancy. Twenty patients (49%) had salpingectomy. Despite the treatment of tuboperitoneal infertility factors in both groups, the pregnancy rate was significantly higher in the conservative group than in the radical one (76% vs 25%, p < 0.05). The overall cumulative rate of ectopic pregnancy recurrence was 22% and no significant difference was found between conservative and radical treatment (p 0.645). Conclusions: Salpingotomy should be preferred in all patients with ectopic pregnancy associated with factors of tuboperitoneal infertility. Infertility surgery clearly cannot help patients treated with salpingectomy, who obtain lower spontaneous pregnancy rates than those of the conservative group. © 2013 Informa Healthcare. Source

Londero A.P.,Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology | Bertozzi S.,AOU SM della Misericordia | Visentin S.,University of Padua | Fruscalzo A.,Frauenklinik | And 2 more authors.
Gynecological Endocrinology

Introduction: Our aim was to state the correlation between placental index and pregnancy outcomes or in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) pregnancies. Materials and methods: We included in this retrospective study all singleton births in a third level clinic during the period 2001-2011 (n = 18 386). We divided placental index into quartiles and analyzed the differences between the groups in term of pregnancy outcomes. Then, we estimated crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for placental index over the third centile of the distribution to correlate with pregnancy outcomes. We also analyzed the correlation between IVF/ICSI conceived pregnancies and placental index. Results: Poor pregnancy outcomes were overrepresented in the highest quartile of placental index distribution. Thus, placental index was higher in pregnancies characterized by pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders (PRHDs), small for gestational age infants, newborn needing cardiopulmonary resuscitation or hospitalization in neonatal intensive care unit. These findings were independent of maternal age, length of gestation at delivery, IVF/ICSI conception and ethnicity. For IVF/ICSI pregnancies, the OR for being over the third quartile of placental index distribution was 2.01 (CI.95 1.40-2.90) after adjustment for maternal age, length of gestation, ethnicity, birth weight, parity, fetal sex, alteration of glucose metabolism in pregnancy and PRHDs. Conclusions: We found a high placental index among pregnancies characterized by poor outcomes and conceived by IVF/ICSI. © 2013 Informa UK Ltd. Source

Bernardi S.,Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria of Udine | Bertozzi S.,AOU SM della Misericordia | Londero A.P.,University of Udine | Gentile G.,AOU SM della Misericordia | And 2 more authors.
World Journal of Surgery

Background: The radio-guided occult lesion localization (ROLL) technique allows the identification of nonpalpable breast lesions by means of the preoperative, intratumoral injection of a radiotracer. Our study aimed to determine the incidence and risk factors of ROLL failure. Methods: We collected data about all women who underwent ROLL in our department from 2002 to 2009, focusing on patient characteristics such as breast size and density, lesion size, localization, histology, radiologist, and surgeon experience. Data were analyzed using R v2.10.1, considering p<0.05 significant. Results: A total of 579 ROLLs were performed on 555 women with a mean age of 58.7 (±10.96) years. Incidence of ROLL failure at the first intervention was 4 % (23/579). Through monovariate analysis, ROLL failure was significantly influenced by stereotactic mammography-guided procedure, invasive tumors, pathological and radiological lesion size ≤5 mm, and the lesion's location in the central or upper breast quadrants. Through multivariate analysis, the most predictive factors for ROLL failure were as follows: lesion localization in the central quadrant, lesion radiological size <5 mm, and radiologist inexperience. Conclusions: The main risk factors for ROLL failure were the radiologist's inexperience, lesion size B5 mm, and its localization in the central subareolar quadrant, probably due to an unfavorable radiological and surgical reaching of the breast area. © Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2012. Source

Bernardi S.,AOU SM della Misericordia | Londero A.P.,Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology | Bertozzi S.,AOU SM della Misericordia | Driul L.,Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Benign breast disease (BBD) is very common among women in their fertile age, but its correlation with breast reproductive function remains unclear. Our study aimed to investigate the relation between BBD and breast-feeding. We collected data on 105 women with BBD and 98 controls, focusing on their reproductive history and breast-feeding. We analysed data by R (version 2.12.1) considering p < 0.05 as significant. The results showed that fibroadenoma represented the most frequent BBD (55%), followed by fibrocystic changes (19%), intraductal papilloma (6%) and inflammatory breast disorders (5%). The mean age was 31.5 years (± 6.1), BMI 21.2 kg/m (± 3.4) and age at menarche 13.0 years (± 1.5). Duration of breast-feeding was not significantly different between controls and BBD types (p = NS). Selecting women with fibroadenoma breast-feeding duration directly correlated with the number of benign lesions (p < 0.05), which remains significant also by multivariate analysis. It was concluded that there seemed to be no difference in breast-feeding among BBDs types, but lactation may influence the number of fibroadenomas. Moreover, prospective studies would better define the correlation between lactation and BBDs. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Londero A.P.,University of Udine | Bernardi S.,AOU SM della Misericordia | Bertozzi S.,AOU SM della Misericordia | Angione V.,AOU SM della Misericordia | And 5 more authors.
BioMed Research International

Objective. There is increasing interest in patients with metachronous (MBC) and synchronous breast cancer (SBC). The objective of this study was to evaluate the occurrence and outcome of MBCs and SBCs. Methods. A retrospective study on women operated in our department for breast cancer between 2002 and 2005 was carried out. Patients were divided into three groups: women with MBC, SBC, and unilateral breast cancer (UBC). Moreover, we performed a meta-analysis of the English literature about multiple breast cancers between 2000 and 2011 taking into consideration their prevalence and overall survival (OS). Results. We identified 584 breast cancer patients: 16 women (3%) presented SBC and 40 MBC (7%, second cancer after 72-month follow-up IQR 40-145). Although the meta-analysis showed significant OS differences between MBC or SBC and UBC, we did not observe any significant OS difference among the three groups of our population. Anyway, we found a significant worse disease-free survival in MBC than UBC and a significant higher prevalence of radical surgery in MBC and SBC than UBC. Conclusions. Despite the low prevalence of MBC and SBC, the presence of a long time risk of MBC confirms the crucial role of ipsi- and contralateral mammographies in the postoperative follow-up. © 2014 Ambrogio P. Londero et al. Source

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